Charge Density Wave Systems: The ⌽-Particle Model
In this lecture I would like to introduce the subject of quasi-one-dimensional (1-d) charge density wave (CDW) condensates ; and to discuss the ⌽-particle model  which is a model of a charged non-linear excitation of a weakly-pinned CDW condensate. Such CDW condensates exist at low temperature in a number of well-known organic  and inorganic  linear chain conductors which at room temperature exhibit quasi-one-dimensional metallic behavior. It is intended that this lecture will provide useful background material for the following lectures of Drs. Luther, Friend and Horovitz and also provide the non-specialist with a simple introduction to the physical ideas basic to CDW phenomena in quasi-one-dimensional systems.
KeywordsCharge Density Wave Solitary Wave Solution Local Phase Absolute Zero Solid State Comm
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