One of the major functional roles of the vestibular sensory apparatus is the control of eye movements. Any head movement in space will stimulate either semicircular canal or otolith receptors, or both and initiate via vestibuloocular reflexes (VOR) the proper compensatory eye movement so as to avoid retinal image slip. Thus, our image of the world remains stable and apparent image motion is avoided. Most of the enormous amount of classical and more recent literature in this field has recently been summarized by Cohen (1974), Precht (1975a, b) and Robinson (1975). In the following a detailed description of our own efforts in this field of research will be given. This means, that we shall concentrate on the functional synaptology of the system as well as on the dynamic behavior of its subsystems as revealed by single unit studies in response to natural stimulation of the labyrinthine receptors.
KeywordsVestibular Nucleus Angular Acceleration Vestibular Neuron Medial Vestibular Nucleus Horizontal Canal
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