For many years innumerable claims have been made for blood tests capable of detecting the presence of clinically occult cancer, but none of the many ‘cancer tests’ has withstood detailed evaluation. However, some are available with potential use in screening for neoplasia, for making the initial diagnosis, for localisation of occult neoplasia and monitoring response to therapy, and for early detection of tumour recurrence. The whole field has recently been critically reviewed by Neville and Cooper [54]. Cancer testing can be divided into observations on (1) immunological phenomena associated with cancer, (2) substances produced in response to tumours, (3) tumour-derived products and (4) miscellaneous tests.


Myelin Basic Protein Urinary Hydroxyproline Placental Alkaline Phosphatase Human Placental Lactogen Ectopic ACTH Secretion 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin · Heidelberg 1977

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  • L. H. Rees

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