Advertisement

Hirnszintigraphie

  • U. Zeidler
Part of the Handbuch der Medizinischen Radiologie / Encyclopedia of Medical Radiology book series (HDBRADIOL, volume 15 / 2)

Zusammenfassung

Bereits zu Anfang des Jahrhunderts konnten v. Wassermann et al. (1911) nachweisen, daß sich bestimmte Substanzen immer dann in Tumorzellen anreicherten, wenn sie an Farbstoffe der Fluoresceinreihe gekoppelt wurden. Goldmanns Untersuchungen (1913) mit dem Farbstoff Trypanblau ließen erkennen, daß das normale Hirngewebe gegen das Eindringen des Farbstoffes aus der Blutbahn durch einen irgendwie gearteten Mechanismus geschützt wird. Es fand sich zwar eine deutliche Farbstoffkonzentration im Plexus chorioideus, jedoch keine Färbung der Neuroglia. 1942 konnten Sorsby et al. in einem klinischen Versuch zeigen, daß diese Schutzschranke für Hirngeschwülste nicht existiert. Der Farbstoff Kiton Grün V färbte, präoperativ gegeben, den Tumor intensiv, nicht aber das normale Nervenzellgewebe. Broman (1944) schloß aus ähnlichen, post mortem erhobenen Befunden auf einen Zusammenhang mit dem Kapillarsystem des Gehirns (s. S. 2). Um eine möglichst exakte Lokalisation einer Hirngeschwulst schon vor Eröffnung der Dura mater zu erreichen, entwickelte Moore (1947) ein Verfahren unter Verwendung des Farbstoffes Dijodfluorescein. In Probepunktaten wurde der fluoreszierende Farbstoff, der sich nur im Tumorgewebe anreicherte, unter der Quecksilberlampe nachgewiesen und so die Ausdehnung des blastomatösen Prozesses bestimmt.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literatur

  1. Akerman, M., Koutoulidis, C., De Tovar, G., Derome, P.: Exploration isotopiques des ramo- lissements cérébraux récents. Nouv. Presse med. 1, 651 (1972).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Akerman, M., Langie, ST.: Apport de la gammagraphie cérébrale au diagnostic des abscés. Ann. Radiol. 12, 915 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Akerman, M., Rougerie, J., Guiot, G.: La scintigraphie cerebrale chez l’enfant et le nourisson. Symposium on medical radioisotope scanning IAEA Salzburg 1968. Wien: IAEA 1969.Google Scholar
  4. Alazraki, N.P., Halpern, S.E., Janon, E.A., Litten-Berg, R.L., Hurwitz, S.R., Ashburn, W.L.: Alterations in cerebrospinal fluid flow dynamics in cerebrovascular disorders and occlusive disease demonstrated by radionuclide cisternography. Radiology 104, 419 (1972).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Alazraki, N.P., Halpern, S.E., Rosenberg, R.N., Ashburn, W.L.: Accumulation of 131-labelled albumin in a subdural hematoma demonstrated by cisternography, J. nucl. Med. 12, 758 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Alderson, P.O., Siegel, B.A.: Adverse reactions following Ill-In-DTPA Cisternography. J. nucl. Med. 14, 609 (1973).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Alker, G.J., Leslie, E.V., Bakay, L.: The differential diagnosis of an abnormal brain scan. IX. Symposium neuroradiologicum, Göteborg 1970.Google Scholar
  8. Allen, M.B., Dicks, D.A.L., Hightower, S.J., Brown, M.: The value and limitations of brain scanning. Clin. Radiol. 18, 19 (1967).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. D’amico, P., Minoli, G.C.: Contributo della scintigrafia allo studio delle lesioni cerebro vascolari a focolaio ischemico. Minerva neurochir. 13, 158 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Andrews, J.T., Steven, L.W.: Indium-113m as a scanning agent. Aust. Radiol. 13, 114 (1969).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Anger, H.O.: Scintillation camera. Rev. Sci. Instrum. 29, 27 (1958).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Anger, H.O.: The scintillation camera for radioisotope localization. In: Radioisotope in der Lokalisationsdiagnostik ( G. Hoffmann and K.E. Scheer, Hrsg.). Stuttgart: F.K. Schattauer 1968.Google Scholar
  13. D’angio, G.J., Loken, M., Nesbit, M.: Radionuclear (75See) identification of tumor in children with neuroblastoma. Radiology 93, 615 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Apfelbaum, R.I., Newman, ST.A., Zingesser, L.H.: Dynamics of technetium scanning of subdural hematomas. Radiology 107, 571 (1973).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Arkles, L.B., Andrews, J.T., Steven, L.W.: A reappraisal of the scan diagnosis of subdural hematomas. Amer. J. Roentgenol. 115, 62 (1972).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Arseni, C., Stanciu, M.: Particular clinical aspects of chronic subdural hematoma in adults. Europ. Neurol. 2, 109 (1969).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Bakay, L.: Basic aspects of brain tumor localization by radioactive substances. J. Neurosurg. 27, 239 (1967).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Bakay, L.: The blood-brain barrier. Springfield, Ill.: Ch.C. Thomas Publ. 1956.Google Scholar
  19. Bakay, L.: Brain tumor scanning with radioisotopes. Springfield, Ill.: Ch. C. Thomas Publ. 1969.Google Scholar
  20. Bakay, L., Cares, H.L.: Olfactory meningiomas. Acta neurochir. (Wien) 26, 1 (1972).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Bakay, L., Lee, J.C.: Cerebral edema. Springfield, Ill.: Ch.C. Thomas Publ. 1965.Google Scholar
  22. Bakdash, H., Papatheodorou, CH.A.: Radical exstirpation of simultaneously occurring bilateral encapsulated brain abscesses. Bull. Los Angeles Neurol. Soc. 34, 175 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. Balfour, H.H., Loken, M.K., Blaw, M.E.: Brain scan in a patient with herpes simplex encephalitis. J. Pediat. 71, 404 (1967).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Banna, M., Appleby, A.: Some observations on the angiography of supratentorial meningiomas. Clin. Radiol. 20, 375 (1969).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Bardfeld, P.A., Holmes, R.A.: Pertechnetate accumulation in the chorioid plexus. Amer. J. med. Sci. 254, 542 (1967).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Baum, S.: The site of accumulation of 99m-Tc-sodiumpertechnetate in brain tumors. Radiology 99, 153 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. Baum, S.A., Rothballer, B., Shiffman, F.: Brain scanning in the diagnosis of acoutic neuromas. J. Neurosurg. 36, 141 (1972).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Beasley, T.M., Palmer, H.E., Nelp, W.B.: Distribution and excretion of technetium in humans. Hlth. Phys. 12, 1425 (1966).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Benua, R.S.: Abnormal brain scan in eosinophilic granuloma of the skull. J. nucl. Med. 11, 89 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. Bernard, J.D., Mcdonald, R.A., Verdon, TH.A.: Brain scanning for subdural hematoma. J. nucl. Med. 11, 322 (1970).Google Scholar
  31. Binet, E.F., Loken, M.K.: Scintiangiography of cerebral arterio-venous malfomations and aneurysms. Amer. J. Roentgenol. 109, 707 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. Blackwood, W., Mosberg, W.H., Robinson, P.K.: Brain tumor with normal air encephalography and arteriography. J. Neurosurg. 8, 322 (1951).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Blau, M.A., Bender, M.: Radiomercury (203-Hg) labelled neohydrin: a new agent for brain tumor localization. J. nucl. Med. 3, 83 (1962).Google Scholar
  34. Blau, M.A., Bender, M.: Biological aspects in the choice of scanning agents. Nucleonics 22, 55 (1963).Google Scholar
  35. Borner, W., Moll, E., Spuler, H.: Hirnszintigraphie mit 99m-Tc-Pertechnetat. Med. Welt 1966 I, 27.Google Scholar
  36. Bogdanowicz, W.M., Wilson, D.H.: Dermoid cyst of the fourth ventricle demonstrated by brain scan. J. Neurosurg. 36, 228 (1972).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Boller, F., Patten, D.H., Howes, D.: Correlation of brain-scan results with neuropathological findings. Lancet 1973II, 1143.Google Scholar
  38. Boller, F., Sherwin, I.: Electroencephalography and brain scan in the diagnosis of posterior fossa lesions. Dis. Nerv. Syst. 31, 490 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  39. Bonis, G., Sturm, K.W. Echinococcus alveolaris im Gehirn. Med. Klin. 64, 891 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  40. Bonte, F.J., Curry, TH.S., Oelze, R.E., Greenberg, A.J.: Radioisotope scanning of tumors. Amer. J. Roentgenol. 100, 801 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  41. Brenner, H., Deisenhammer, E., Höfer, R., Jellinger, K., Pernhaupt, J.G.: Szintigraphische Erfahrungen bei Hirngeschwülsten. Wien. kiln. Wschr. 81, 209 (1969).Google Scholar
  42. Briggs, R.C., Skor, R.B.: Chorioid plexus meningioma of the lateral ventricle: Two cases demonstrated by brain scanning. J. nucl. Med. 9, 131 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  43. Brinkman, C.A.: Brain scanning as an aid to surgery for strokes. Amer. J. Surg. 119, 452 (1970).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Broman, I., Steinwall, O.: Model of the blood-brain barrier system. In: Brain edema ( I. Klatzo, F. Seitelberger, ed.). Wien-New York: Springer 1967.Google Scholar
  45. Broman, T.: Supravital analysis of disorders in cerebrai vascular permeability in man. Acta med. Scand. 118 (1944) 79.Google Scholar
  46. Brookeman, V.A., Williams, C.M.: Evaluation of 99m-Tc-DTPA acid as a brain scanning agent. J. Nucl. Med. 11, 733 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  47. Brooks, T., EL Gammal, T., Pool, W.H.: Positive brain scan in hyperparathyreoidism. J. neurol. Sci. 13, 227 (1971).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Brownell, G.L.: Theory of radioisotopes scanning. Int. J. appl. Radiat. 3, 181 (1958).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Brownell, G.L., Sweet, W.H.: Localization of brain tumors with positron emitters. Nucleonics 11, 40 (1953).Google Scholar
  50. Terbrugge, K.G., Meindok, H.: Rim sign in brain scintigraphy of epidural hematoma. J. nucl. Med. 14, 709 (1973).Google Scholar
  51. Buchanan, D.L.: Brain scanning with 200 micro-curies of 203-Hg chlormerodrin. J. nucl. Med. 7, 859 (1966).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  52. Bucy, P.C., Ciric, I.S.: Value of radioactive brain scans in the diagnosis of brain tumors as compared with other methods. Acta neurochir. (Wien) 13, 114 (1965).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Bucy, P.C., Ciric, I.S.: Brain scans in diagnosis of brain tumors. J. Amer. med. Ass. 191, 437 (1965).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Bucy, P.C., Ciric, I.S.: Radioactive brain scans compared to other diagnostic techniques. In: Brain tumor scanning with radioisotopes ( L. Bakay, D.M. Klein, ed.). Springfield, Ill: Ch.C. Thomas Publ. 1969.Google Scholar
  55. Bull, J.W.D.: The radiological diagnosis of intracranial tumors in children. J. Fac. Radiol. (Lond.) 4, 149 (1953).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Bull, J.W.D.: Topographical criteria for pathological diagnosis of intracranial masses by means of gamma-encephalography. Acta radiol. Diagn. 5, 754 (1966).Google Scholar
  57. Bull, J.W.D., Marryat, J.: Isotope encephalography: experience with 100 cases. Brit. med. J. 1965 I, 474.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Bull, J.W.D., Rovit, R.L.: The radiographic localization of intracerebral gliomata. J. Fac. Radiol. (Lond.) 8, 147 (1957).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Burdine, J.A., Waltz, TH., Matesen, A., Rapp, F.: Localization of 113m-In-Chelates compared with 99m-Tc-sodium-pertechnetate in experimental cerebral lesions. J. nucl. Med. 10, 290 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  60. Burke, G., Halko, A.: Cerebral blood flow studies with sodium pertechnetate Tc-99m and the scintillation camera. J. Amer. med. Ass. 204, 319 (1968).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Burrows, E.H.: False-negative results in brain scanning. Brit. med. J. 1972 I, 473.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Burrows, E.H.: Correct operation of a scintillation camera in cerebral scintigraphy. Neuroradiology 5, 77 (1973).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Burrows, E.H., Kimber, P.M., Goddard, B.A.: Brain scanning with radioindium. Brit. med. J. 1968 II, 29.Google Scholar
  64. Carey, M.E., Chou, S.N., French, L.A.: Experience with brain abscess. J. Neurosurg. 36, 1 (1972).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Carmel, P.W.: Cerebellar tumors in childhood. Developm. Med. Child Neurol. 14, 809 (1972).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Cassen, B., Curtis, L., Reed, C.W.: A sensitive directional gamma-ray detector. Nucleonics 6, 78 (1950).Google Scholar
  67. Cassen, B., Curtis, L., Reed, C.W., Villani, R., Libby, R.: Instrumentation for 131-J use in medical studies. Nucleonics 8, 46 (1951).Google Scholar
  68. Castelli, A., Paoletti, P., Villani, R.: Brain scan for neurosurgical purpose: Analysis of 217 verified tumors. Neurochirurgia 11, 234 (1965).Google Scholar
  69. Castelli, A., Paoletti, P., Villani, R.: Brain scan in cerebrovascular disease and tumors. Acta neurochir. (Wien) 17, 217 (1966).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Cavalieri, R.R., Kenneth, G., Scott, G., Sairenji, E.: Selenite (75-Se) as a tumor localizing agent in man. J. nucl. Med. 7, 197 (1966).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  71. Cavalieri, R.R., Scott, K.G.: Sodium selenite Se-75. A more specific agent for scanning tumors. J. Amer. med. Ass. 206, 591 (1968).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Cervos-Navaro, J.: Die Morphologie der hinteren Schädelgrube. Radiologe 9, 458 (1969).Google Scholar
  73. Christie, J.H., Mori, H., Go, R.T., Cornell, ST.H., Schapiro, R.L.: Computed tomography and radionuclide studies in the diagnosis of intracranial disease. Amer. J. Roentgenol. 127, 171 (1976).Google Scholar
  74. Ciric, I., Quinn, J.L., Bucy, P.C.: Mercury-197 and technetium-99m brain scans in the diagnosis of non-neoplastic intracranial lesions. J. Neurosurg. 27, 119 (1967).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Cleaveland, J.D., Wissenburg, A.L., Mansfield, T.P.: Optimizing brain scans with a multicrystal scanner. J. nucl. Med. 10, 456 (1969).Google Scholar
  76. Clements, J.P., Wagner, H.N., JR., Stern, H.S., Goodwin, D.A.: Indium 113m-DTPA: A new radiopharmaceutical for brain scanning. Amer. J. Roentgenol. 104, 139 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  77. Clizer, E.E., Ioannides, G.: Herpes simplex encephalitis. Amer. J. Roentgenol. 112, 273 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  78. Cohn, H.J., Soiderer, M.H.: Tissue vascularity in positive and negative brain scans. J. nucl. Med. 10, 553 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  79. Conway, J.J.: Radionuclide imaging of the central nervous system in children. Radiol. Clin. N. Amer. 10, 291 (1972).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  80. Conway, J.J., Yarzagaray, L., Welch, D.M.: Radionuclide evaluation of the Dandy Walker Malformation and congenital arachnoid cyst of the posterior fossa. Amer. J. Roentgenol. 112, 306 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  81. Cooper, J.F., Levin, J., Wagner, H.N.: New, rapid, in vitro test for pyrogen in shortlived radiopharmaceuticals. J. nucl. Med. 11, 310 (1970).Google Scholar
  82. Cooper, J.F., Stern, H.S., DE Land, F.F.H.: A “kit” for preparation of high specific-activity 99m-Tcalbumin for cisternography and blood pool imaging. Radiology 95, 533 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  83. Cormack, J., Mcalister, J.D.: Digital techniques and displays in brain scanning. Neuroradiol. 4, 171 (1972).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. Cowan, R.J., Maynard, D.C., Lassiter, K.R.: Technetium-99m Pertechnetate brain scans in the detection of subdural hematomas. J. Neurosurg. 32, 30 (1970).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. Cowan, R.J., Maynard, C.D., Meschan, I., Janeway, R., Shigeno, K.: Value of the routine use of the cerebral dynamic radioisotope study. Radiology 107, 111 (1973).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  86. Croll, M., Brady, W., Faust, D.S., Kazem, J., Anthoniades, J., Tatem, H.R.: Comparison brain scanning with mercury-203 and technetium-99m. Radiology 90, 747 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  87. Croll, M., Brady, W., Hand, B.: Brain tumor localization using mercury-203. Radiology 78, 635 (1962).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  88. Crone, C.: The permeability of capillaries in various organs as determined by use of the indicator diffusion method. Acta physiol. scand. 58, 292 (1963).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. Cronqvist, S., Efsing, H.O., Hughes, R.: Gammaencephalography in supratentorial tumors with special reference to the differential diagnostic possibilities. IX. Symposium neuroradiologicum, Göteborg, 1970.Google Scholar
  90. Cronqvist, S., Müller, R.: The relationship between clinical state and isotope-encephalography. IX. Symposium neuroradiologicum, Göteborg, 1970.Google Scholar
  91. Cronqvist, S., Müller, R.: Isotope-encephalography in cerebrovascular lesions. IX. Symposium neuroradiologicum, Göteborg, 1970.Google Scholar
  92. David, R.B., Beiler, D., Hood, H., Morrison, S.S.: Scintillation brain scanning in children. Amer. J. Dis. Child. 112, 197 (1966).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  93. Davis, D.O., Potchen, E.J.: Brain scanning and intracranial inflammatory disease. Radiology 95, 345 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  94. Davson, H., Speziani, E.: The blood-brain barrier and the extracellular space of brain. J. Physiol. (Lond.) 149, 135 (1959).Google Scholar
  95. Deblanc, H., Sorenson, J.A. (Ed.): Noninvasive brain imaging. Publ. Group Inc. New York: Soc. Nucl. Med. 1975.Google Scholar
  96. Decker, K.: Klinische Neuroradiologie. Stuttgart: G. Thieme 1960.Google Scholar
  97. Deininger, K.H.: Der diagnostische Wert der Hirntumorszintigraphie im Vergleich zu anderen Methoden. Röntgen-Bl. 22, 89 (1969).Google Scholar
  98. Deisenhammer, E.: EEG und Hirnszintigraphie bei der Frühdiagnose intracerebraler Erkrankungen. Nervenarzt 45, 164 (1974).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  99. Deisenhammer, E.: Szintigraphische Untersuchungen in Neurologie und Neurochirurgie. Wien: Brüder Hollinek Verlag 1971.Google Scholar
  100. Deisenhammer, E., Gund, A., Jellinger, K.: Szintigraphische Differenzierung zwischen chronischen Subduralhämatomen und intrakraniellen Zysten bei Kindern und Jugendlichen. Wien. med. Wschr. 120, 837 (1970).Google Scholar
  101. Deisenhammer, E., Höfer, R., Jellinger, K.: Korrelation der Szintigraphie und Morphologie von Hirngeschwülsten. Ärztl. Forsch. 22, 349 (1969).Google Scholar
  102. Deland, F.H., James, A.E., Wagner, H.N., JR.: Patterns for differentiations of posterior fossa neoplasma as detected by brain scans. Nucl.-Med. (Stuttg.) 9, 4 (1970).Google Scholar
  103. Deland, F.H., Wagner, H.N., JR.: Brain scanning as a diagnostic aid in the detection of eight nery tumors. Radiology 92, 571 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  104. Deland, F.H., Wagner, H.N., JR.: Atlas of nuclear medicine (Brain). Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders 1969.Google Scholar
  105. Deland, F.H., Wagner, H.N., JR.: Interpretation of brain scans. II. Cerebral vascular accidents. J. nucl. Med. 11, 330 (1970).Google Scholar
  106. Dichiro, G.: Comparison entre la scintigraphie et les methodes conventionelles de neuroradiologie pour la localisation des lesions intracraniens. Ann. Radiol. 5, 195 (1962).Google Scholar
  107. Dichiro, G., Ashburn, W.L., Briner, W.H.: Technetium Tc-99m serum albumine for cisternography. Arch. Neurol. (Chic.) 19, 218 (1968a).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  108. Dichiro, G., Ashburn, W.L., Grove, A.S.: Which radioisotopes for brain scanning. Neurology (Min-neap.) 18, 225 (1968b).Google Scholar
  109. Dietz, H., Dressel, D., Haas, J.P.: Ergebnisse der Hirnszintigraphie bei einem neurochirurgischen Krankengut. Mitt. 136 Ges. f. Nuklearmedizin, Hannover, 1970.Google Scholar
  110. Dinning, T.A.R.: Timing of surgery for leaking cerebral aneurysms: Clinical, radiological and radioisotopic considerations. Proc. Aust. Assoc. Neurol. 9, 219 (1973).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  111. Dobbing, J.: The blood-brain barrier. Physiol. Rev. 41, 130 (1961).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  112. Dorndorf, W.: Verlauf and Prognose des ischämi- schen Hirninfarktes. Nervenarzt 40, 297 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  113. Dudley, A.W., Lunzer, ST., Heyman, A.: Localization of radioisotopes (chlormerodrin Hg-203) in experimental cerebral infarction. Stroke 1, 143 (1970).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  114. Eck, J.H.M., Van, Penning, L.: Comparison of rectilinear scanning and scintiphotography for the detection of brain lesions. Neuroradiology 1, 107 (1970).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  115. Eck, J.H.M., Van, Woldring, M.G.: Scanning the brain with various radioisotopes. Europ. Neurol. 2, 1 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  116. Economos, D., Prosalentis, A., Leventis, A.: The value of scanning with 203-Hg in establishing the histological nature of expanding intracranial processes. Excerpta medica Int. congr. ser. 110. 3rd Intern congr. neurol. surgery, Copenhagen, 1966.Google Scholar
  117. Ectors, M., Abramovici, J., Jonckheer, M.H.: Comparative study of 99mTc-Citrate, Tc-99m-Diphosphonate and Tc-99m-Pertechnetate in brain scintigraphy. J. nucl. Med. 16, 526 (1975) Abstr.Google Scholar
  118. Edström, R.: An explanation of the blood-brain barrier phenomenon. Acta psychiat. scand. 33, 403 (1958).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  119. Ell, P.J., Lotritsch, K.H., Hilbrand, E., Meixner, M., Barolin, G., Scholz, H.: Specific Diagnosis of brain disease with double isotope brain scanning. Nucl.-Med. (Stuttg.) 15, 32 (1976).Google Scholar
  120. Emrich, D., Breitschuh, H., Hesch, R.D., Ritter, G., Breuel, H.P.: Quantitative Untersuchungen der regionalen Hirnperfusion mit 99m-TechnetiumPertechnetat. Z. Neurol. 203, 51 (1972).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  121. Engbring, N.H.: Brain scan artifact from saliva contamination. J. Amer. med. Ass. 199, 861 (1967).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  122. Engeset, A., Connum, A.: Pneumencephalographic findings after occlusion of the carotid and of the middle cerebral arteries. Europ. Neurol. 1, 85 (1968).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  123. Ewerbeck, H.: Maligne Tumoren bei Kindern. Med. Klin. 48, 1973 (1963).Google Scholar
  124. Fagan, J.A., Cowan, R.J.: The effect of potassium perchlorate on the uptake of 99m-Tc-pertechnetate in choroid plexus papillomas. J. nucl. Med. 12, 312 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  125. Farmmer, TH.W., Wise, G.R.: Subdural empyema in infants children and adults. Neurology (Minneap.) 23, 254 (1973).Google Scholar
  126. Feigin, D.S., Welch, D.M., Siegel, B.A., James, A.E.: The efficacy of the brain scan in diagnosis of brainstem gliomas. Radiology 116, 117 (1975).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  127. Fiebach, O., Sauer, J., Otto, H.: Die Szintigraphie im Vergleich zur Angiographie und Enzephalographie bei Hirntumoren. Fortschr. Röntgenstr. 116, 185 (1972).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  128. Filson, E.J., Rodriguez-Antunez, A.: Isotope scanning of brain tumors, Acta radiol. Diagn. 7, 380 (1968).Google Scholar
  129. Fischer, K.C., Mckusick, K.A., Pendergrass, H.P., Potsaid, M.S.: Improved brain scan specifity utilizing 99mTc-Pertechnetate and 99mTc(Sn)-Diphosphonate. J. nucl. Med. 16, 705 (1975).Google Scholar
  130. Fischer, R.J., Miale, A.: Evaluation of cerebral vascular disease with radionuclide angiography. Stroke 3, 1 (1972).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  131. Fish, M.B., Barnes, B., Pollycove, M.: Cranial scintiphotographic blood defects in arteriographically proven cerebral vascular disorders. J. nucl. Med. 14, 558 (1973).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  132. Fish, M.B., Pollycove, M., O’reilley, S., Klentigan, A., Kock, R.L.: Vascular characterization of brain lesions by rapid sequential cranial scintiphotography. J. nucl. Med. 9, 249 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  133. Flipse, R.C., Gilson, A.J.: Radioisotope scanning in posterior fossa lesions. J. nucl. Med. 6, 771 (1965).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  134. Forster, D.M.C., Bethell, A.N.: The diagnostic value of scintillation brain scanning. Clin. Radiol. 20, 257 (1969).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  135. Fowler, G.W., Williams, J.P.: Technetium brain scans in tuberous sclerosis. J. nucl. Med. 14, 215 (1973).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  136. Fridrich, R., Locher, J.: Mehrschritt-Isotopendiagnostik zum Nachweis hirnorganischer Prozesse. Radiol. clin. biol. 40, 382 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  137. Füger, G.F., Koller, W.A.F., Summer, K.: Die kalottenförmige periphere Aktivitätszunahme im 99m-Tc-Pertechnetat-Gehirnszintigramm. Fortschr. Röntgenstr. 116, 756 (1972).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  138. Fulghum, J.S., Adcock, D.F., Guinto, F.C., Krigman, M.R., Radcliffe, W.B.: Radionuclide imaging and tumor vascularity in supratentorial gliomas. Invest. Radiol. 6, 388 (1971).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  139. Gates, C.F., Dore, E.K., Taplin, G.V.: Interval brain scanning with sodium pertechnetate Tc 99m for Tumor detectability. J. Amer. med. Ass. 215, 84 (1971).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  140. Gauwerky, F., Seitz, D.: Kombinierte Kamera-Serien-und Spätszintigraphie bei raumfordernden intrakraniellen Prozessen. Z. Neurol. 201, 326 (1972).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  141. Gerhard, H., Mundinger, F.: Biochemische Untersuchungen über Tumorspeicherung der zur Hirntumordiagnostik verwendeten Radioisotope. Acta radiol. (Stockh.) 5, 118 (1966).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  142. Gerhard, H., Mundinger, F., Gabriel, E., Waldbaur, H.: Untersuchungen über die Tumoranreicherung radioaktiver Schwermetallisotope. In: Radionuklide in der klinischen und experimentellen Onkologie ( G. Hoffmann und K.E. Scheer, Hrsg). Stuttgart: F.K. Schattauer 1965.Google Scholar
  143. Gilday, D.L.: Various radionuclide patterns of cerebral inflammation in infants and children. Amer. J. Roentgenol. 120, 247 (1974).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  144. Gilday, D.L., Ash, J.: Accuracy of brain scanning in pediatric craniocerebral neoplasms. Radiology 117, 93 (1975).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  145. Gilday, D.L., Reba, R.C.: The role of brain scanning in the differential diagnosis of seizures. Canad. med. Ass. J. 106, 1091 (1972).Google Scholar
  146. Gilday, D.L., Reba, R.C., Longo, R.: Comparison of techniques for obtaining the vertex view in brain scanning. J. nucl. Med. 11, 503 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  147. Gilday, D.L., Reba, R.C., Longo, R., Wagner, H.N., JR.: Evaluation of 169-Yb-DTPA-complex as a brain scanning agent. J. nucl. Med. 10, 553 (1969).Google Scholar
  148. Gimlette, T.M.D., Sheppard, M.A., Little, W.A., Squire, C.R.: An experimental study of a technetium iron complex for scintiscanning. Brit. J. Radiol. 45, 591 (1972).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  149. Gize, R.W., Mishkin, F.S.: Brain scans in multiple sclerosis. Radiology 97, 297 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  150. Glasgow, J.L., Currier, R.O., Goodwin, J.K., Tu-Tor, F.T.: Brain scans at varied intervals following C.V.A. J. nucl. Med. 6, 902 (1965).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  151. Glasgow, J.L., Currier, R.D., Goodrich, J.K., Tu-Tor, F.T.: Brain scans of cerebral infarcts with radioactive mercury. Radiology 88, 1086 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  152. Gold, A.P.: Cerebral arteriovenous malformations. Developm. Med. Child. Neurol. 15, 84 (1973).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  153. Gold, L.H.A., Kieffer, ST.A., Petersson, H.O.: Intracranial meningiomas. Neurology (Minneap.) 19, 873 (1969).Google Scholar
  154. Gold, L.H.A., Loken, M.K.: Retrospective evaluation of isotope images of the brain in 852 patients. Radiology 92, 1473 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  155. Golden, G.S., Erenberg, G.: Radionuclide brain scans in convulsive disorders? Pediatrics 49, 787 (1972).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  156. Goldmann, E.E.: Vitalfärbung am Zentralnervensystem. Abadl. Kgl. Preuss. Akad. Wissensch. (1913)Google Scholar
  157. Gonsette, R., Kremer, P., Andre-Balisaux, G.: Valeur et limites actuelles du scanning cerebrale en diagnostic neurochirurgical. J. belge Radiol. 53, 119 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  158. Goodman, J.M., Mishkin, F.S., Dyken, M.: Determination of brain death by isotope angiography. J. Amer. med. Ass. 209, 1869 (1969).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  159. Goodrich, J.K., Tutor, F.T.: The isotope encephalogramm in brain tumor diagnosis. J. nucl. Med. 6, 541 (1965).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  160. Goodwin, D.A., Goode, R., Brown, L., Imbornone, C.J.: 111-In-labeled Transferrin for the detection of tumors. Radiology 100, 175 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  161. Gordon, D.: The limitations and uses of ultrasound in localizing cerebral lesions. Proc. roy. Soc. Med. 58, 1053 (1965).Google Scholar
  162. Gottschalk, A.: Brain scanning—is it becoming unnecessarily complicated. Amer. J. Roentgenol. 111, 851 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  163. Gottschalk, A., Mccormack, K.R., Adams, J.E., Anger, H.O.: A comparison of results of brain scanning using Ga-68-EDTA and the positron scintillation camera with Hg-203-Neohydrin and the conventional focussed collimator scanner. Radiology 84, 502 (1965).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  164. Grames, G.M., Jansen, C.: The abnormal bone scan in cerebral infarction. J. nucl. Med. 14, 941 (1973).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  165. Grebe, S.F., Römer, M.: Das Strahlenfeld bei Arbeiten mit der 99-Mo/99m-Tc-Säule und mit dem 99m-Tc. Atompraxis, direct information 7 (1968).Google Scholar
  166. Griep, R.J., Wise, G., Marty, R.: Detection of carotid artery obstruction by intravenous radionuclide angiography. Radiology 97, 3111 (1970).Google Scholar
  167. Griggs, R.C., Markesbery, W.R., Condemi, J.J.: Cerebral mass due to sarcoidosis. Neurology (Min-neap.) 23, 981 (1973).Google Scholar
  168. Gurwith, M.J., Harman, CH.E., Merigan, TH.C.: Approach to diagnosis and treatment of herpes simplex encephalitis. Calif. Med. 115, 63 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  169. Guttermann, P., Shenkin, H.A.: Cerebral scans in completed strokes. Value in prognosis of clinical course. J. Amer. med. Ass. 207, 145 (1969).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  170. Haacke, W.: Über die Möglichkeit der szintigraphischen Darstellung von Hirntumoren mit 197-HgCl-2. Radiobiol. Radiother. (Berl.) 9, 10 (1968).Google Scholar
  171. Haacke, W., Wolf, R.: Die szintigraphische Darstellung von Hirntumoren mit 197-Hg-markierten Substanzen. Fortschr. Röntgenstr. 102, 88 (1964).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  172. Haas, J.P., Dietz, H., Schmidt, K.J., Doerr, F., Brod, K.H., Wolf, R.: Comparison des resultats de la scintigraphie des tumeurs cerebrales avec trois substance differents. Symposium Scintigraphy IAEA Salzburg 1968. Wien: IAEA 1969.Google Scholar
  173. Hager, H.: Morphological compartments in the central nervous system. In: Brain edema ( I. Klatzo, F. Seitelberger, eds.). Wien-New York: Springer 1967.Google Scholar
  174. Halpern, S.E., Smith, C.W., Ficken, V.: Bm-Tcbrain scanning in herpes virus type I Encephalitis. J. nucl. Med. 11, 548 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  175. Handa, J.: Dynamic aspects of brain scanning. Stuttgart: Thieme 1972.Google Scholar
  176. Handa, J., Handa, H., Hamamoto, K., Torizuka, K., Kousaka, T.: Sequential brain imaging as an aid in understanding disease etiology. Sem. nucl. Med. 1, 56 (1971).Google Scholar
  177. Handa, J., Nabeshima, S., Handa, H., Yamamoto, K., Kousaka, T., Torizuka, K.: Serial brain scanning with technetium-99m and scintillation camera. Amer. J. Roentgenol. 106, 708 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  178. Handel, ST.F., Powell, M.R., Wilson, CH.B., Enot, K.J.: Scintiphotographic evaluation of response of brain neoplasms to systemic chemotherapy. J. nucl. Med. 12, 292 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  179. Harbert, J.C., Axelbaum, ST.P., Schellinger, D., Dichiro, G.: A preliminary comparison between ACTA scans and radionuclide imaging studies of the central nervous system. In: Noninvasive brain imaging ( H. Deblanc, J.A. Sorenson, eds.). New York: Soc. Nucl. Med. Publ. Group Inc. 1975.Google Scholar
  180. Harbert, J.C., Curl, F.B., Jones, G.W.: The effect of injection volume and technique on radionuclide cerebral angiograms. J. nucl. Med. 14, 205 (1973).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  181. Harper, P.V., Andros, G., Lathrop, K.A.: Preliminary observations on the use of sixhour 99mTc as a tracer in biology and medicine. Semiannual report to USAEC (L.O. Jacobson, ed.) Acrh 18, 76 (1962).Google Scholar
  182. Harper, P.V., Andros, G., Lathrop, K.A., Siemens, W., Weiss, L.: Technetium-99m as a biological tracer. J. nucl. Med. 3, 209 (1962).Google Scholar
  183. Harper, P.V., Andros, G., Lathrop, K.A., Siemens, W., Weiss, L.: Metabolism of technetium-99m. Radiat. Res. 16, 593 (1962).Google Scholar
  184. Harper, P.V., Lathrop, K.A., Jiminez, F., Fink, R., Gottschalk, A.: Technetium-99m as a scanning agent. Radiology 85, 101 (1965).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  185. Harper, P.V., Lathrop, K.A., Mccardle, R.J., Andros, G.: The use of 99m-Tc as a clinical scanning agent. 2. Internat. Atomic Energy Agency Symposium on medical radioisotope scanning, Athens 1964. Wien IAEA 1964.Google Scholar
  186. Harper, P.V., Mullan, S.F., Fink, R.: Rapid brain scanning with technetium-99m. Proc. Inst. Med. Chic. 25, 131 (1964).Google Scholar
  187. Hauser, W.H., Atkins, H.L., Nelson, K.G., Richaards, P.: Technetium-99m-DTPA: A new radio-pharmaceutical for brain and kidney scanning. Radiology 94, 679 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  188. Hawkes, C.D.: Craniocerebral trauma in infancy and childhood. Clin. Neurosurg. 11, 66 (1963).Google Scholar
  189. Haves, TH., Davis, L.W., Raventos, A.: Brain and liver scans in the evaluation of lung cancer patients. Cancer (Philad.) 27, 362 (1971).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  190. Haynie, TH.P., Jhingran, S.G., Leavens, M.E., Konikowskl, T., Jahns, M.F.: Brain scintigrams in metastatic carcinoma. Cancer (Philad.) 30, 953 (1972).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  191. Heilmann, H.P., Kunft, H.D.: Hirnszintigraphie und Artdiagnostik. Erfahrungen mit der RIHSA-Szintigraphie. Fortschr. Röntgenstr. 112, 664 (1970).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  192. Heinz, E.R., Brylski, G.R., Izenstark, J.L., Weins, H.S.: Post-angiography isotope brain scanning. Amer. J. Roentgenol. 98, 672 (1966).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  193. Heiser, W.J., Quinn, J.L. III: Analysis of brain scan patterns in cerebral ischemia and astrocytoma. Arch. Neurol. (Chic.) 15, 125 (1966).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  194. Heiser, W.J., Quinn, J.L., III, Mollihan, W.V.: The crescent pattern of increased radioactivity in brain scanning. Radiology 87, 483 (1966).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  195. Heiss, W.D., Jellinger, K., Podreka, I.: Scintigraphy in Lymphomas and Leukemia of the Brain. Neuroradiology 10, 251 (1976).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  196. Heller, H.: Hirnszintigraphie mit 67-Gallium. Fortschr. Röntgenstr. 117, 704 (1972).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  197. Henkin, R.E., Quinn, J.L., Weinberg, P.E.: Adjunctive scanning with 67-Ga in metastases. Radiology 106, 595 (1973).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  198. Hermitte, F.L., Gauthier, J.C., Deronescu, C., Guiraud, B.: Ischemic accidents in the middle cerebral artery territory. Arch. Neurol. (chic.) 19, 248 (1968).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  199. Hess, R.: Elektroenzephalographische Studien bei Hirntumoren. Stuttgart: G. Thieme 1958.Google Scholar
  200. Hill, T., Welch, M.J., Adatepe, M., Potchen, E.J.: A simplified method for the preparation of indiumDTPA brain scanning agent. J. nucl. Med. 11, 28 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  201. Hinck, V., Dotter, Ch.T.: Appraisal of current techniques for cerebral angiography. Amer. J. Roentgenol. 106, 626 (1969).Google Scholar
  202. Hiratsuka, H., Tsuyumu, M., Hashimoto, K., Matsushima, Y., Inaba, Y., Ito, K., Okuyama, T.: Diagnostic value of brain scanning in children. Bull. Tokyo med. dent. Univ. 19, 51 (1972).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  203. Hirschbiegel, H.: Die Blockierung der Schilddrüse bei der Hirnszintigraphie. Strahlentherapie 135, 295 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  204. Hirschbiegel, H., Böckem, K.: Isotopendiagnostik bei Prozessen der hinteren Schädelgrube. Radiologe 9, 481 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  205. Hirschbiegel, H., Schwieger, G.: Verlaufsmessungen der Einlagerung von 99m-Tc in Hirntumoren im Hinblick auf ihre artdiagnostische Bedeutung. Strahlentherapie 140, 499 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  206. Hoff, H., Prosenz, P., Tschabitscher, H.: Der Schlaganfall. Wien: Verlag der Wiener Med. Akademie 1966.Google Scholar
  207. Holloway, W., Elgammal, T., Pool., W.H.: Doughnut sign in subdural hematoma. J. nucl. Med. 13, 630 (1972).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  208. Holman, B.L.: The blood brain barrier. Progr. nucl. Med. 1, 236 (1972).Google Scholar
  209. Holman, B.L., Hill, R., Davis, O.D., Potchen, E.J.: Regional cerebral blood flow with the Anger camera. J. nucl. Med. 13, 916 (1972).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  210. Holmes, R.A.: The vertex view in routine brain scanning. Amer. J. Roentgenol. 106, 347 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  211. Holmes, R.A., Golle, R.: Appearance of the transverse sinuses by brain scanning. Amer. J. Roentgenol. 106, 340 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  212. Holmes, R.A., Herron, CH.S., Wagner, H.N.: A modified vertex view in brain scanning. Radiology 88, 498 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  213. Hopmann, H., Kazner, E., Kollmannsberger, A.: Zur Diagnostik von Hirntumoren: Treffsicherheit der ambulant durchführbaren Zusatzuntersuchungen. Munch. med. Wschr. 115, 1119 (1973).Google Scholar
  214. Hormann, R., Eckhardt, W., Weinrich, W., Zeidler, U.: 113m-In-Globulin in der Hirnszintigraphie. Nuc.compact, Sept. 1971.Google Scholar
  215. Horwitz, N.H., Lofstrom, J.E., Forsaith, A.L.: A comparison of clinical results obtained with a spark-imaging camera and a conventional scintillation scanner. Radiology 86, 830 (1966).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  216. Hosain, F., Reba, R.C., Wagner, H.N.: Ytterbium-169 diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid complex. Radiology 91, 1199 (1968).Google Scholar
  217. Hossmann, K.A.: Morphological substrate of the blood-brain barrier in human brain tumours. In: Brain edema ( I. Klatzo, F. Seitelberger, ed.). Wien-New York: Springer 1967.Google Scholar
  218. Hossmann, K.A., Schröder, M., Wechsler, W.: Das morphologische Substrat der Bluthirnschranke unter physiologischen und pathologischen Bedingungen. Verh. dtsch. Ges. Path. 49, 350 (1965).Google Scholar
  219. Hounsfield, G.N.: Computerized transverse axial scanning (tomography)-Description of the system. Brit. J. Radiol. 46, 1016 (1973).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  220. Van Houten, F.X., Holman, B.L., Treves, S.: Negative defect in an intracranial teratoma. J. nucl. Med. 13, 122 (1972).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  221. Hünig, R., Frommhold, H., Wellauer, J.: Angiographie und Szintigraphie in der präoperativen Diagnostik intrakranieller Tumoren. In: Radioaktive Isotope in Klinik und Forschung ( K. Fellinger und R. Höfer, Hrsg.). München-Berlin: Urban Schwarzenberg 1970.Google Scholar
  222. Honig, R., Walther, E.: Zur angiographischen und szintigraphischen Diagnostik intrakranieller Metastasen. Acta neurochir. (Wien) 25, 241 (1971).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  223. Hurley, P.J.: Effect of craniotomy on the brain scan related to time elapsed after surgery. J. nucl. Med. 13, 156 (1972).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  224. Hurley, P.J., Wagner, H.N.: Diagnostic value of brain scanning in children. J. Amer. med. Ass. 221, 877 (1972).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  225. Hurwitz, M.: When the doctor smells a rat, but is completely off the scent. Geriatrics 2, 36 (1972).Google Scholar
  226. Hurwitz, B.S., Sutzerland, J.C., Walker, M.D.: Central nervous system chloromas preceding acute leukemia by one year. Neurology (Minneap.) 20, 771 (1970).Google Scholar
  227. Hurwitz, S.R., Halpern, S.E., Leopold, G.: Brain scans and echoencephalography in the diagnosis of chronic subdural hematoma. J. Neurosurg. 40, 347 (1974).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  228. Hutchinson, F., ST. Clair Neill, G.D., Rimmer, A.R.: Lineprinter display of digital scintiscans. Amer. J. Roentgenol. 113, 755 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  229. Isfort, A.: Spontane Hirnblutungen. Berlin: Schering-AG 1967.Google Scholar
  230. Jackson, G.L., Corson, M.L., Baxter, J., Blosser, N.: Radioautographic determination of cellular localization of radioactive mercury (203-Hg) chlormerodrine in brain tumors. New Engl. J. Med. 77, 1006 (1967).Google Scholar
  231. Jackson, G.L., Corson, M.L., Dick, J.: The cellular localization of mercury-203 chlormerodrine in astrocytomas. J. nucl. Med. 8, 611 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  232. Jahns, E., Hundeshagen, H. (Hrsgb.): Information processing and data handling in scintigraphy. Symposion Hannover 1971 (in Vorbereitung).Google Scholar
  233. Janeway, R., Maynard, C.D., Witcofski, R.L., Winston-Salem, N.C., Lax, L.C.: Spinal fluid appearance of 99m-technetium pertechnetate. Arch. Neurol. (Chic.) 19, 618 (1968).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  234. Jansen, C.R.: Brain scintigraphy in the diagnosis of intracranial lesions. South Afr. med. J. 10, 232 (1973).Google Scholar
  235. Jhingran, S.G., Johnson, P.C.: Radionuclide angiography in the diagnosis of cerebrovascular disease. J. nucl. Med. 14, 265 (1973).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  236. Jordan, CH.E., James, A.E., Hodges, F.J.: Comparison of the cerebral angiogram and the brain radionuclide image in brain abscess. Radiology 104, 327 (1972).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  237. Kahn, E.M., Whitney, D.G.: Operability of the acutely stroked patient as determined by isotope brain scan. Vasc. Surg. 6, 148 (1972).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  238. Kaiffer, M., Naoun, A., Neimann, N., Pierson, M., Robert, J.: La scintigraphie cerebrale au technetium-99m chez l’enfant. Arch. franç. Pédiat. 28, 487 (1971).Google Scholar
  239. Kalyanaraman, K., Smith, B.H., Alker, G.J.: Intracranial tumors of apoplectiform onset. N.Y. State J. Med. 11, 2133 (1973).Google Scholar
  240. Kelly, D.L., Alexander, E., Davis, C.H., Maynard, D.C.: Intracranial Arteriovenous malformations: Clinical review and evaluation of brain scans. J. Neurosurg. 31, 422 (1969).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  241. Kennady, J.C., Cole, R.E., Chin, F.K., Haves, M.: Comparative assessment of brain tumors by angiography, scanning and the scintillation camera. J. nucl. Med. 10, 349 (1969).Google Scholar
  242. Kennady, J.C., Cole, R.A., Griswold, L., Knox, R.: Localization of 99m-Tc-pertechnetate in brain tumor cell cultures. J. nucl. Med. 10, 349 (1969).Google Scholar
  243. KennadyJ.C., Potter, R., Cerin, F., Swansson, L.: Assessment of cerebral lesions by rapid sequential scintiphotography. J. nucl. Med. 9, 423 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  244. Kernohan, J.W., Mabon, R.F., Svien, H.J., Adson, A.W.: A simplified classification of the gliomas. Mayo Clin. Proc. 24, 71 (1949).Google Scholar
  245. Kieffer, S.A., Loken, M.K.: Positive “brain scans” in fibrous dysplasia and other lesions of the skull. Amer. J. Roentgenol. 106, 731 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  246. Kilgore, B.B., Bonte, F.J.: Scintigraphic demonstration of cerebral infarction in a “watershed distribution”. J. nucl. Med. 12, 756 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  247. Klatzo, I., Piraux, A., Laskowski, E.J.: The relationship between edema, blood-brain barrier and tissue elements in local brain injury. J. Neuropath. exp. Neurol. 17, 548 (1958).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  248. Kleihues, P., Sehrbundt, M.: Pathogenese und pathologische Anatomie der arteriellen cerebralen Durchblutungsstörungen. Radiologe 9, 375 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  249. Klopper, J.F., Rossouw, S., Van Heerden, P., Malan, C., Potgieter, J.: Brain scanning with 99m-Tc-Pertechnetate. S. Afr. med. J. 47, 1792 (1973).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  250. Konikowski, T., Haynie, TH.P.: Effect of perchlorate on 99m-Tc concentrations in a transplantable mouse brain tumor (sarcoma). J. nucl. Med. 10, 350 (1969).Google Scholar
  251. Koos, W., Deisenhammer, E., Pendl, G., Böde, F., Hofer, R.: Die Bedeutung der Hirnszintigraphie für die Diagnose kindlicher Hirntumoren. Wien. med. Wschr. 47, 866 (1970).Google Scholar
  252. Koos, W.TH., Miller, M.H.: Intracranial tumors of infants and children. Stuttgart: G. Thieme 1971.Google Scholar
  253. Korein, J., Braunstein, P., Kircheff, I., Lieberman, A., Chase, N.: Radioisotopic bolus technique as a test to detect circulatory deficit associated with cerebral death. Circulation 51, 924 (1975).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  254. Krause, G., Zülch, K.J.: Über die Häufigkeit der Hirntumoren in verschiedenen Regionen. Zbl. Neurochir. 11, 222 (1951).Google Scholar
  255. Krayenbühl, H., Yasargil, M.G.: Die zerebrale Angiographie. Stuttgart: G. Thieme 1965.Google Scholar
  256. Krishnarmurthy, G.T., Mehta, A., Tomiyasu, U., Blahd, W.H.: Clinical value and limitations of 99m-Tc brain scan. J. nucl. Med. 13, 373 (1972)Google Scholar
  257. Krishnarmurthy, G.T., Katakia, M., Tomiyasu, U., Blahd, W.H.: Electroencephalogram and sodium pertechnetate Tc-99m brain scan. Arch. intern. Med. 133, 414 (1974).Google Scholar
  258. Krott, H.M., Marguth, F.: Elektrophysiologische Untersuchungen in der Frühdiagnose des Akustikusneurinoms. Zbl. Neurochir. 29, 55 (1968).Google Scholar
  259. Kuba, J., Husak, V., Sevzik, M., Klaus, E.: Vergleich der Eigenschaften von 99m-Tc-Pertechnetat und 113m-In-EDTA in der Hirnszintigraphie. Fortschr. Röntgenstr. 112, 806 (1970).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  260. Kuba, J., Klaus, E., Sevcik, M.: Der Beitrag der Szintigraphie in der Diagnostik von subduralen Hämatomen. Psychiat. Neurol. med. Psychol. (Lpz) 24, 56 (1972).Google Scholar
  261. Kuba, J., Koutn, Klaus, E.: Hirnszintigramm in der Diagnostik von Rezidiven intrakranieller Raumforderungen. Fortschr. Röntgenstr. 117, 173 (1973).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  262. Kuhl, D.E., Bevilacqua, J.E., Mishkin, M.F., Sanders, TH.P.: The brain scan in Sturge-Weber-Syndrome. Radiology 103, 621 (1972).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  263. Kuhl, D.E., Edwards, R.A.: Reorganizing data from transverse section scans of the brain using digital processing. Radiology 91, 975 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  264. Kuhl, D.E., Edwards, R.A.: The Mark III scanner: A compact device for multiple view and section scanning of the brain. Radiology 96, 563 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  265. Kuhl, D.E., Pitts, F.W., Sanders, TH.P., Mishkin, M.M.: Transverse section and rectilinear brain scanning with 99m-Tc-pertechnetate. Radiology 86, 882 (1966).Google Scholar
  266. Kuhl, D.E., Pitts, F.W., Tucker, S.H.: Brain scanning of children using body section techniques and pertechnetate 99m. Acta radiol. Diagn. 5, 843 (1966).Google Scholar
  267. Kuhl, D.E., Sanders, TH.P.: Characterizing brain lesions with use of transverse section scanning. Radiology 98, 317 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  268. Kuhl, D.E., Sanders, TH.P.: Comparison of rectilinear vertex and transverse section views in brain scanning. J. nucl. Med. 11, 2 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  269. Ladurner, G., Summer, K., Lechner, H., Fueger, G.: EEG and Hirnszintigraphie bei ischämischen Hirnerkrankungen nach Gefäßverschlüssen. Wien. klin. Wschr. 84, 375 (1972).Google Scholar
  270. Lamoureux, J., Bertrand, R.A., Vezina, J.L.: Radiopertechnetate Flow study; A valuable agent to brain scanning in the differential diagnosis of cerebello-pontine angle tumors. Laryngoscope 83, 488 (1973).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  271. Landman, S., Ross, P.: Radionuclides in the diagnosis of arteriovenous malformations of the brain. Radiology 108, 635 (1973).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  272. Lanksch, W., Kazner, E. (Hrsg.): Cranial computerized tomography. Berlin-Heidelberg-New York: Springer 1976.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  273. Lathrop, K.A., Harper, P.V.: Biologic behavior of 99m-Tc from 99m-Tc-Pertechnetate ion. Progr. nucl. Med. 1, 145 (1972).Google Scholar
  274. Lehrer, H., Venkatesh, B., Girolamo, R., Smith, A.: Tuberculoma of the brain (revisited). Amer. J. Roentgenol. 118, 594 (1973).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  275. Leins, P.A., Adams, A., Wanyk, G., Bodfish, R.E.: Disturbance of blood brain barrier in a case of encephalomyelopathy. Bull. Los Angeles neurol. Soc. 35, 74 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  276. Leslie, E.V., Alker, G.J., Bakay, L.: The differential diagnosis of neoplastic and nonneoplastic disease on the basis of radioisotope brain scanning. In: Brain tumor scanning with radioisotopes. ( L. Bakay, ed.). Springfield, Ill.: Ch. C. Thomas 1969.Google Scholar
  277. Levy, L.M., Hyams, C., Siddiqui, N., Silverstein, S.: Brain scintiscans: Time-quantitation studies. J. nucl. Med. 8, 382 (1967).Google Scholar
  278. Levy, L.M., Siddiqui, N., Silverstein, S., Hyams, C.: Technetium brain scan: Non visualized lesions at early intervals. J. nucl. Med. 8, 382 (1967).Google Scholar
  279. Liebner, E.J., Pretto, J.L, Hochhauser, M., Kassaraba, W.: Tumors of the posterior fossa in childhood and adolescence. Radiology 82, 193 (1964).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  280. Lilien, D.L., Berger, H.G., Anderson, D.P., Ben-Nett, L.R.: III-In-Chloride a new Agent for bone marrow imaging. J. nucl. Med. 14, 184 (1973).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  281. Lincke, H.O.: Möglichkeiten der Hirnszintigrafie bei Raumbeschränkungen der hinteren Schädelgrube. Radiologe 8, 401 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  282. Lincke, H.O.: Möglichkeiten der Radionukliduntersuchung am Gehirn. Med. Klin. 62, 581 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  283. Loken, M.K., Wigdahl, K.: Evaluation of conventional scanning and Anger camera from brain studies. J. nucl. Med. 6, 335 (1965).Google Scholar
  284. Loken, M.K., Telander, G.T., Salmon, R.J.: Technetium-99m compounds for visualization of body organs. J. Amer. med. Ass. 194, 152 (1965).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  285. Long, D.M.: Capillary ultrastructure and the blood-brain barrier in human malignant brain tumors. J. Neurosurg. 32, 127 (1970).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  286. Long, R.G., Mcafee, J.G., Winkelman, J.: Evalua- tion of radioactive compounds for external detec- tion of cerebral tumours. Cancer Res. 23, 98 (1963).Google Scholar
  287. Lorentz, W.B., Simon, J.L., Benua, R.S.: Brain scan- ning in children. J. Amer. med. Ass. 201, 83 (1967).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  288. Mack, J.F., Webber, M.M., Bennett, L.R.: Brain scanning: Normal anatomy with technetium-99m pertechnetate. J. nucl. Med. 7, 633 (1966).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  289. Magnus, O., Storm Van Leuwen, W., Cobb, W.A.: Electroencephalography and cerebral tumours. Amsterdam: Elsevier Publ. 1961.Google Scholar
  290. Mahaley, M.S., JR.: Intracranial localization of substances used for brain scanning. Surg. Forum 17, 427 (1966).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  291. Mamo, L., Nouel, J.P., Robert, J., Chai, N. Hou-Dart, R.: Use of radioactive bleomycin to detect malignant intracranial tumours. J. Neurosurg. 39, 735 (1973).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  292. Mamo, L., Panneciere, C., Perez, R., Villa, M.: Intérêt du gluconate de calcium marqué au 99mTc dans la détection des tumeurs intracrâniennes. Nouv. Press. med. 1/1975, 795.Google Scholar
  293. Maroon, J.C., Jones, R., Mishkin, F.S.: Tuberculous meningitis diagnosed by brain scan. Radiology 104, 333 (1972).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  294. Marshall, J., Popham, M.: Radioactive brain scanning in the management of cerebrovascular disease. J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiat. 33, 201 (1970).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  295. Marx, P., Rosarius, C.: Angiographische und hirnszintigraphische Befunde beim Hirninfarkt. Radiologe 9, 428 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  296. Matson, D.D.: Surgery of posterior fossa tumors in childhood. Clin. Neurosurg. 15, 247 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  297. Matthew, N.T., Meyer, J.ST., Bell, R.L., Ericson, A.D.: New method for measuring regional cerebral blood flow and blood volume in man using the gamma camera. Trans. Amer. neurol. Ass. 96, 273 (1971).Google Scholar
  298. Matthews, C.M.E.: Comparison of isotopes for scanning. J. nucl. Med. 6, 155 (1965).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  299. Matthews, C.M.E.: Detection of tumors by scanning. J. nucl. Med. 9, 134 (1968).Google Scholar
  300. Matthews, C.M.E.: Comparison of coincidence counting and focussing collimators with various isotopes in brain tumor detection. Brit. J. Radiol. 37, 531 (1964).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  301. Matthews, C.M.E., Kibby, P.M.: The effect of collimator resolution on the detection of lesions in brain scanning. Brit. J. Radiol. 41, 580 (1968).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  302. Matthews, C.M.E., Mallard, J.R.: Distribution of 99m-Tc and brain/tumor concentrations in rats. J. nucl. Med. 6, 404 (1965).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  303. Matthews, C.M.E., Molinaro, G.: A study of the relative value of radioactive substances used for brain tumor localization and of the mechanism of tumor-brain concentration. Brit. J. exp. Path. 44, 260 (1963).Google Scholar
  304. Maynard, C.D. Kelsey, W.M.: Brain scanning in the pediatric age group. Develop. Med. Child Neurol. 11, 69 (1969).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  305. Maynard, C.D., Wang, Y.: Clinical applications of serial brain scanning CRC. Crit. Rev. Radiol. Sci. 1970, 525.Google Scholar
  306. Maynard, C.D., Witcofski, R.L., Janeway, R., Cowan, R.J.: “Radioisotope arteriography” as an adjunct to the brain scan Radiology 92, 908 (1969).Google Scholar
  307. Mayneord, W.V., Turner, R., Newbery, S., Hodt, H.: A method for making visible the distribution of activity in a source of ionizing radiation. Nature (Lond.) 168, 762 (1951).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  308. Mcafee, J.G., Fueger, G.F.: Value and limitation od scintillation scanning in diagnosis of intracranial tumors. In: Scintillation scanning in clinical medicine ( J. Quinn III, ed.). Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders Publ. 1964.Google Scholar
  309. Mcafee, J.G., Fueger, F., Stern, H.S., Wagner, H.N., Migita, T.: 99m-Tc-pertechnetate for brain scanning. J. nucl. Med. 5, 811 (1964).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  310. Mcafee, J.G., Fueger, F., Stern, H.S., Wagner, H.N.: The tissue distribution and diagnostic applications of 99m-Tc compounds. J. nucl. Med. 6, 352 (1965).Google Scholar
  311. Mcafee, J.G., Mozley, J.M., Natarajan, T.K., Fueger, F., Wagner, H.N.: Scintillation scanning with an eight-inch diameter sodium iodide crystal. J. nucl. Med. 7, 521 (1966).Google Scholar
  312. Mcallister, J.D., Tuthill, J.E., D’altorio, R.A.: Brain scanning in the differential diagnosis of cere- brovascular lesions. J. nucl. Med. 10, 355 (1969).Google Scholar
  313. Mcclintock, J.T., Dalrymple, G.V.: The value of brain scans in the management of suspected intracranial lesions. J. nucl. Med. 5, 189 (1964).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  314. Mccormack, K.R., Greenlaw, R.H., Hopkins, C.: Scanning of liver and brain in evaluation of patients with bronchogenic carcinoma. J. nucl. Med. 9, 223 (1968).Google Scholar
  315. Mccormack, K.R., Newton, T.H.: Diagnosis of brain tumors. Calif. Med. 104, 267 (1966).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  316. Mcginnis, K.D., Eyler, W.R., Du Sault, L., Kristen, K.: Mercury-203 brain scanning method for clinical classification. Radiology 80, 264 (1963).Google Scholar
  317. Mealey, J.: Brain scanning in childhood. J. Pediat. 69, 399 (1966).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  318. Mealey, J.: Radioisotope localization in subdural hematomas. J. Neurosurg. 20, 770 (1963).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  319. Mealey, J., Dehner, J.R.: Clinical comparison of two agents used in brain scanning. J. Amer. med. Ass. 189, 260 (1964).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  320. Meisel, ST.B., Izenstark, J.L., Siemens, J.K.: Comparison of early and delayed technetium and mercury scanning. Radiology 109, 117 (1973).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  321. Melbye, R.W., Adams, R., Jaffe, H.L.: The relative performance of 99m-Tc and 203-Hg chlormerodrin in brain scanning. J. nucl. Med. 6, 334 (1965).Google Scholar
  322. Mendel, W.: Versuche über das Eindringen intravenös injizierten Trypanblaus in das künstlich verletzte Großhirn. Z. ges. Neurol. Psychiat. 117, 148 (1928).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  323. Merrem, G.: Die parasagittalen Meningeome. Acta neurochir. (Wien) 23, 203 (1970).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  324. Merrick, M.V., Chaucer, B., Clay, B., Lavender, J.P., Mcready, V.R., Thakur, M.L., Walter, L.H.: Indium (111-In)-labelled bleomycin for the detection of intracranial lesions. Nucl.-Med. (Stuttg.) 15, 263 (1976).Google Scholar
  325. Milhorat, TH.H., Hammock, M.K., DI Chiro, G.: The subarachnoid space in congenital obstructive hydrocephalus. J. Neurosurg. 35, 1 (1971).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  326. Miller, M.S., Simons, G.H.: Optimization of timing and positioning of the technetium brain scan. J. nucl. Med. 9, 429 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  327. Mishkin, F.: Brain scanning in children. Sem. nucl. Med. 2, 328 (1972).Google Scholar
  328. Mishkin, F., Dyken, M.: Increased early radionuclide activity in the nasopharyngeal area in patients with internal carotid artery obstruction. Radiology 96, 77 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  329. Mishkin, F.S.: Radionuclide angiogram and scan findings in a case of herpes simplex encephalitis. J. nucl. Med. 11, 608 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  330. Mishkin, F.S., Mealey, J., JR.: Use and interpretation of the brain scan. Springfield, Ill.: Ch.C. Thomas Publ. 1969.Google Scholar
  331. Mishkin, F.S., Reese, LG.: Tissue and tumor concentrations of technetium-99m as pertechnetate. Amer. J. Roentgenol. 104, 145 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  332. Mishkin, F.S., Truksa, J.: The diagnosis of intracranial cysts by means of the brain scan. Radiology 90, 740 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  333. Mishkin, F.S., Weber, K.: Brain scan in hyperparathyreoidism. J. nucl. Med. 12, 763 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  334. Moddy, D., Matin, P., Goodwin, D.A.: An improved method for visualizing carotid blood flow in the neck. J. nucl. Med. 12, 520 (1971).Google Scholar
  335. Molinari, G.F., Pircher, F., Heyman, A.: Serial brain scanning using technetium-99m in patients with cerebral infarction. Neurology (Minneap.) 17, 627 (1967).Google Scholar
  336. Moody, R.A., Olsen, J.O., Gottschalk, A.: Brain scans of the posterior fossa. J. Neurosurg. 36, 148 (1972).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  337. Moore, G.E.: Diagnosis and localization of brain tumours. Springfield, Ill.: Ch.C. Thomas Publ. 1953.Google Scholar
  338. Moore, G.E.: Fluorescein as an agent in the differentiation of normal and malignant tissue. Science 106, 130 (1947).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  339. Moore, G.E.: The use of radioactive diiodoflurescein in the diagnosis and localization of brain tumors. Science 107 (1948) 569.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  340. Moore, G.E., Smith, G.A., Caudill, C.M., Marvin, J.F., Aust, J.B.: Clinical and experimental studies of intracranial tumors with fluorescein dyes. With additional note concerning the possible use of 42-K and 131-I tagged human albumin. Am. J. Radiol. Rad. Ther. 66, 8 (1951).Google Scholar
  341. Moreno, J.B., Deland, F.H.: Brain scanning in the diagnosis of astrocytomas of the brain. J. nucl. Med. 12, 107 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  342. Morin, R.L., De Land, F.H.: Yb-DTPA in cisternography. J. nucl. Med. 15, 375 (1974).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  343. Morley, B.J., Langford, K.H.: Abnormal brain scan with subacute extradural haematomas. J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiat. 33, 679 (1970).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  344. Morley, B.J. Sephton, R.G., Steven, L.W., Andrews, J.T., Cornell, S.N.: Differing cerebral scan characteristics of different pathological lesions. Proc. Austral. Ass. Neurol. 7, 111 (1970).Google Scholar
  345. Morrison, R.T., Afifi, A.K., Allen, N.W. Van, Evans, T.C.: Scintiencephalography for the detection and localization of non-neoplastic intracranial lesions. J. nucl. Med. 6, 7 (1965).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  346. Moses, D.C., Davis, L.E., Wagner, H.N.: Brain scanning with 99m-Tc-pertechnetate in multiple sclerosis J. nucl. Med. 13, 847 (1972).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  347. Moses, D.C., Natarajan, T.K., Prviosi, TH.J., Udvarhelye, G.B., Wagner, H.N.: Quantitative cerebral circulation studies with sodium pertechnetate. J. nucl. Med. 14, 142 (1973).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  348. Mundinger, F., Gerhard, H.: Investigations On blood transportation and distribution in the tissue and tumor cells of radio-isotopes used for brain tumor localization. 2. European congr. neurological surgery, Rome, 1963. Excerpta med. (Amst.) 60, 84 (1963).Google Scholar
  349. Mundinger, F., Gerhard, H.: Untersuchungen über die Verteilung der zur Hirnszintigraphie verwendeten Radioisotope in der Blutbahn, in experimentellen Tumoren und in menschlichen Hirngeschwülsten. Acta neurochir. (Wien) 11, 398 (1963).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  350. Murphy, J.T., Gloor, P., Yamamato, Y.L., Feindel, W. H.: A comparison of electroencephalography and brain scan in supratentorial tumors. New Engl. J. Med. 276, 309 (1967).Google Scholar
  351. Nordman, E.: Se sodium selenite scintigraphy in diagnosis of tumours. Acta radiol. (Stockh.) Suppl. 340 (1974).Google Scholar
  352. Nordman, E., Rekonen, A.: Se scintigraphy in differential diagnosis of benign and malignant cerebral processes. Symposium Angiographie-Szintigraphie, Mainz, 1974. Berlin-Heidelberg-New York: Springer (im Druck).Google Scholar
  353. Nyström, S.: Pathological changes in blood vessels of human glioblastoma multiforme. Acta path. microbiol. scand. 49, (Suppl. 137) (1960).Google Scholar
  354. Ogris, E., Tschabitscher, H., Hawliczek, F.: Serienscintigraphische Untersuchungen bei extrakraniellen Gefäßverschlüssen. Wien. klin. Wschr. 84, 753 (1972).Google Scholar
  355. Ohlmann, F.: Szintigraphische Untersuchungen eines neurologisch-psychiatrischen Krankengutes. Inaug.-Diss., Saarbrücken, 1970.Google Scholar
  356. Olson, M.H., Briggs, R.C.: Screening the cranial vault and its contents by scanning with technetium-99m. Wis. med. J. 68, 153 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  357. O’mara, R.E., Mcafee, J.G., Chodos, R.B.: The “dough-nut” sign in cerebral radioisotopes images. Radiology 92, 581 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  358. O’mara, R.E., Mozley, J.M.: Current status of brain scanning. Sem. nucl. Med. 1, 7 (1971).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  359. O’mara, R.E., Subrachnianian, G., Mcafee, J.G., Burger, CH.L.: Comparison of 113m-In and other short-lived agents for cerebral scanning. J. nucl. Med. 10, 18 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  360. Oppelt, W.W., Rall, D.P.: Brain extracellular space as measured by diffusion of various molecules into brain. In: Brain edema ( I. Klatzo, F. Seitelberger, ed.). Wien-New York: Springer 1967.Google Scholar
  361. Ostertag, CH., Mundinger, F.: Die Gammaencephalographie bei pathologischen Prozessen der hinteren Schädelgrube. Med. Klin. 67, 1447 (1972).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  362. Otto, H., Fiebach, O., Sauer, J., Bettag, W., Löhr, E., Strötges, M.W.: Cerebral scintigraphy in relation to roentgenological methods for detection of tumours situated in the sellar region and the posterior fossa. Neuroradiology 4, 30 (1972).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  363. Overton, M.C., Haynie, TH.P., Otte, W.K., Coe, J.E.: The vertex view in brain scanning. J. nucl. Med. 6, 705 (1965).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  364. Overton, M.C., Snodgrass, S.R., Haynie, TH.P.: Brain scans in neoplastic intracranial lesions. J. Amer. med. Ass. 192, 747 (1965).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  365. Overton, M.C., Snodgrass, S.R., Haynie, TH.P.: Brain scans in non-neoplastic lesions. J. Amer. med. Ass. 191, 432 (1965).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  366. Patton, D.D., Brasfield, D.L.: “Ear” artifact in brain scans. J. nucl. Med. 17, 305 (1976).Google Scholar
  367. Pedersen, M., Haase, J.: Scintillation camera and rectilinear scanner for detection of space-occupying intracranial lesions. Acta radiol. Diagn. 26, 534 (1970).Google Scholar
  368. Penning, L., Front, D.: Technetium scinti-anatomy of the head. Neuroradiology 1, 210 (1970).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  369. Penning, L., Front, D.: Brain scintigraphy. Excerpta med. (Amst.) 1975.Google Scholar
  370. Penning, L., Front, D., Beekhus, H.: Differentiation of brain lesions by sequential gamma camera studies. J. neurol. Sci. 14, 1 (1971).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  371. Perkerson, R.B., Smith, CH.D., Weller, W.F.: The rim sign of subdural hematoma. J. nucl. Med. 13, 637 (1972).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  372. Petersen, F., Pohlenz, O., V. Kamptz, J.: Hirnszintigraphie bei cerebrovaskulären Erkrankungen. Fortschr. Röntgenstr. 114, 445 (1971).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  373. Pexman, J.H.W.: The angiographic and brain scan features of acute herpes simplex encephalitis. Brit. J. Radiol. 47, 179 (1974).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  374. Planiol, T., Floyrac, R., Itti, R., Rouzaud, M., Degiovanni, E., Glories, P.: La gamma-angioencéphalographie dans l’insuffisance circulatoire cérébrale. Rev. neurol. 125, 56 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  375. Planiol, TH. (Ed.): Radioisotopes et affections du systeme nerveux central. Paris: Masson Cie. 1965.Google Scholar
  376. Planiol, TH.: Gamma-encephalography after ten years of utilization in neurosurgery. Progr. neurol. Surg. 1, 94 (1966).Google Scholar
  377. Planiol, TH.: Some aspects of brain investigation by means of radioisotopes. J. neurol. Sci. 3, 539 (1966).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  378. Pohlenz, O., Seitz, D., Vogel, H.: Die Bedeutung der Kamera-Serien-und Spätszintigraphie für die Diagnostik cerebraler arteriovenöser Angiome. Z. Neurol. 203, 31 (1972).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  379. Pollack, J.M., Feine, U., Danckwardt, U., Leitritz, H.: Hirnszintigraphie im Säuglings-und Kindesalter. Mschr. Kinderheilk. 118, 231 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  380. Poulose, K.P., Reba, R.C., Goddyear, M.: Gallium-67 citrate in cerebral infarction. Invest. Radiol. 11, 20 (1976).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  381. Powell, M.R., Anger, H.O.: Blood flow visualization with the scintillation camera. J. nucl. Med. 7, 729 (1966).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  382. Prensky, A.L., Swisher, Ch.N., De Vivo, D.C.: Positive brain scans in children with idiopathic focal epileptic seizures. Neurology (Minneap.) 23, 798 (1973).Google Scholar
  383. Prévot, H., Schneider, C., Novak, D.: Vergleichende Untersuchungen zur Hirntumorlokalisation mit 203-Hg und 99m-Technetium. Ber. 47. Tagg. Dtsch. Röntgenkongr., Berlin, 1966. Stuttgart: G. Thieme 1967.Google Scholar
  384. Putze, A.K., Ströder, J.: Zur Aussagefähigkeit von Elektroenzephalographie, Szintigraphie, Angiographie und Pneumencephalographie in der Diagnostik raumfordernder intrakranieller Prozesse des Kindesalters. Mschr. Kinderheilk. 119, 565 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  385. Quinn, J.L.: Serial brain scans in glioblastoma multiforme. Radiology 101, 367 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  386. Quinn, J.L. III, Ciric, I.S., Hauser, W.H.: Analysis of 96 abnormal brain scans using technetium 99m. J. Amer. med. Ass. 194, 157 (1965).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  387. Quinn, J.L. III: 99m-pertechnetate for brain scanning. Radiology 84, 354 (1965).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  388. Quinn, J.L. III, BRAND, W.N.: Pertechnetate-99m thyroid scans obtained incidental to brain scans. J. nucl. Med. 8, 481 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  389. Quinn, J.L. III, Heiser, W.J., Ciric, LS.: Gamma encephalography using pertechnetate-99m. In: Radioaktive Isotope in Klinik und Forschung. Sdb. Strahlentherapie, Bd. VII. Berlin-München: Urban Schwarzenberg 1967.Google Scholar
  390. Radcliffe, W.B., Guinto, F., Adcock, D.F., Krigman, M.R.: Early localization of herpes simplex encephalitis by radionuclide imaging and carotid angiography. Radiology 105, 603 (1972).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  391. Radcliffe, W.B., Guinto, F., Adcock, D.F., Krigman, M.R.: Herpes simplex encephalitis. Amer. J. Roentgenol. 112, 263 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  392. Radcliffe, W.B., Guinto, F., Scatliff, J.H.: Cerebral and extracerebral hematoma. Sem. Roentgenol. 6, 103 (1971).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  393. Rahme, E.S., Green, D. Chronic hematoma in adolescence and early adulthood. J. Amer. med. Ass. 176, 424 (1961).Google Scholar
  394. Raimondi, A.J.: Localization of radio-iodinated serum albumine in human glioma. Arch. Neurol. (Chic.) 11, 173 (1964).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  395. Ramsey, R., Quinn, J.L. III: Comparison of accuracy between initial and delayed 99m-Tc-pertechnetate brain scans. J. nucl. Med. 13, 131 (1971).Google Scholar
  396. Rasmussen, P., Buhl, J., Busch, H., Haase, J., Harmsen, A.: Brain scanning-cerebral scintigraphy. Acta neurochir. (Wien) 23, 103 (1970).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  397. Rau, H., Meienberg, O., Langlotz, M., Piroth, D., Imhof, H.: Szintigraphie mit Se-75 Natrium-Selenit bei Hirntumoren und cerebrovaskulären Insulten. Nervenarzt 44, 325 (1973).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  398. Rausi, G, A., Ybo, W., Stenflo, J.: Intracranial meningeoma: A population study of ten years. Acta neurol. scand. 46, 102 (1970).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  399. Razzak, M.A., Naguib, M., Elgarhy, M.: Fate of sodium-pertechnetate technetium 99m. J. nucl. Med. 8, 50 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  400. Reba, R.C., Hosain, F., Wagner, H.N.: Chelates of DTPA for visualization of renal structure and function. J. nucl. Med. 8, 342 (1967).Google Scholar
  401. Reed, D.J., Woddbury, D.M., Jacobs, L., Squires, R.: Factors affecting distribution of iodide in brain and cerebrospinal fluid. Amer. J. Physiol. 209, 757 (1965).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  402. Rhoton, A.L.: Chlormerodrin 197-Hg brain scanning: Selecting the optimal interval between isotope administration and scanning. J. nucl. Med. 9, 16 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  403. Rhoton, A.L., Eichling, J., Ter-Pergossian, M.: Metastatic tumors: Localization by radioisotope scanning. Neurology (Minneap.) 16, 264 (1966).Google Scholar
  404. Rhoton, A.L., Klinkerfuss, G.H., Lilly, D.R., Terpergossian, M.: Brain scanning in ischemic cerebrovascular disease. Arch. Neurol. (Chic.) 14, 506 (1966).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  405. Robert, J., Montaut, J., Picard, L., Naoun, A., Lepoire, J.: Exploration intra-cranienne par le technetium-99m. Neuro-chirurgie 15, 379 (1971a).Google Scholar
  406. Robert, J., Naoun, A., Picard, L., Montaut, J., Bertrand, R.A.: La scintigraphie cranienne a l’aide du technetium 99m. Ann. Radiol. 14, 575 (1971b).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  407. Rösler, H., Huber, P.: Das Hirnszintigramm als Notfalluntersuchung. Dtsch. Z. Nervenheilk. 196, 136 (1969).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  408. Rösler, H., Huber, P.: Die zerebrale Serienszintigraphie. Fortschr. Röntgenstr. 111, 467 (1969).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  409. Rösler, H., Huber, P., Hesse, M.: Serienszintigraphische Befunde beim Schlaganfall. Schweiz. med. Wschr. 100, 1401 (1970).Google Scholar
  410. Rösler, H., Kinser, J., Stalder, A.: Hirnmetastasen im Serienszintigramm. Fortschr. Röntgenstr. 115, 357 (1971).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  411. Roig, J., Moss, W.T., Quinn, J.L. III: Usefulness of the brain scan in therapeutic radiology. Radiology 86, 1083 (1966).Google Scholar
  412. Rompel, K., Wiedemann, O.: Restitution und Letalität bei Verschlüssen zerebraler Gefäße. Med. Klin. 65, 1334 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  413. Rosenthall, L.: Radionuclide diagnosis of arteriovenous malformations with rapid sequence brain scans. Radiology 91, 1185 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  414. Rosenthall, L.: Radionuclide carotid blood flow evaluation with the gamma-ray scintillation camera. J. Canad. Ass. Radiol. 20, 255 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  415. Rosenthall, L., Ambhanwong, S., Stratford, J.: Observations on the effect of contrast material on normal and abnormal brain tissue using radiopertechnetate. Radiology 92, 1467 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  416. Rosenthall, L., Chan, J., Sidhu, R., Stratford, J.: Combined radiocontrast and radionuclide cerebral angiography. Radiology 92, 1223 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  417. Rosenthall, L., Martin, R.H.: Cerebral transit of pertechnetate given intravenously. Radiology 94, 521 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  418. Rowan, J.O., Cross, J.N. Tedeschi, G.M., Jennett, W.B.: Limitations of circulation time in the diagnosis of intracranial disease. J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiat. 33, 739 (1970).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  419. Ruetz, P.P., Meade, R.C.: Comparison of 99m-Tc and 203-Hg neohydrin brain scanning. J. nucl. Med. 6, 334 (1965).Google Scholar
  420. Samuels, L.D.: Bm-Tc-Pertechnetate scans of posterior fossa tumours in children. Clin. Pediat. (Phila.) 10, 211 (1971).Google Scholar
  421. Samuels, L.D., Hipple, T.F.: Simplified permedication for brain scans and other radioisotope tests. J. nucl. Med. 10, 254 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  422. Sasaki, M., Aird, R.B., Kennedy, R., Kerber, C., Newton, T.H., Powell, M.: Correlative study of EEG and brain scintiphotography. Trans. Amer. neurol. Ass. 96, 299 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  423. Sauer, J.: Die diagnostische Aussagekraft der Hirnszintigraphie. Fortschr. Röntgenstr. 116, 179 (1972).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  424. Sauer, J.: Die hirndiagnostischen Möglichkeiten der Szintillationskamera nach ANGER. Nucl.-Med. (Stuttg.) 9, 1053 (1971).Google Scholar
  425. Sauer, J.: Differentialdiagnose intrakranieller Prozesse mit der Szintillationskamera. VII. Nuklearmed. Symposion, Reinhardsbrunn, 1970.Google Scholar
  426. Sauer, J., Heissen, E., Strötges, M.W.: Zur Brauchbarkeit von 113m-In-EDTA in der modernen Hirntumordiagnostik. Fortschr. Röntgenstr. 117, 698 (1972).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  427. Sauer, J., Strtges, W.: Der Wert von 113m-InEisen-III-EDTA für die Hirntumordiagnostik mit der Szintillationskamera nach ANGER. Nuc-compact 1, 4 (1970).Google Scholar
  428. Schall, G.L., Heffner, R.R., Handmaker, H.: Brain scanning in oligodendrogliomas. Radiology 116, 367 (1975).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  429. Schall, G.L., Zeiger, L.S., Di Chiro, G., Birner, W.H., Matsen, F.: Clinical comparison of two 99m-Tc tracers for brain scanning: Pertechnetate vs. labeled albumin. Radiology 99, 361 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  430. Scharfetter, F., Riccabona, G.: Die Szintigraphie der Hirntumoren. Z. Allgemeinmed. 45, 1199 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  431. Scheinberg, L.C., Taylor, J.M.: The importance of brain scanning to the neurologist and neurosurgeon. Sem. Nucl. Med. 1, 5 (1971).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  432. Schenk, P., Gerspach, A., Schnabel, K.: Doppeltracerkinetikstudien bei artdiagnostisch verschiedenen Hirntumoren. II. Int. Symp. Nucl. Med., Karlovy Vary, Mai 1971.Google Scholar
  433. Schenk, P., Klar, E., Pietrowski, W.: Der Nachweis von Hirntumoren mit konventioneller Scannermethodik und Scintillationskamera. Therapiewoche 32, 1149 (1967).Google Scholar
  434. Schenk, P., Penholz, H., Pietrowski, W., Tornow, W.: Kameraszintigraphie bei Hirntumoren. Vortrag Gammakamera-Szintigraphie, Heidelberg 1969.Google Scholar
  435. Schiefer, W., Kazner, E.: Klinische Echoenzephalographie. Berlin-Heidelberg-New York: Springer 1967.Google Scholar
  436. Schleif, A., Alazraki, N.P., Halpern, S.E., Coel, M., Ashburn, W.L.: A vertex view artifact on 99m-Tc brain scan in a child. J. nucl. Med. 13, 393 (1972).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  437. Schmidt, K.J., Haas, J.P., Brod, K.H., Wolf, R., Dietz, H.: 99m-Tc-Fe(II)-Komplex: Eine neue Substanz zur Hirntumorszintigraphie. Atompraxis 14, direct inform. 5 (1968).Google Scholar
  438. Schmidt-Wittkamp, H.: Szintigraphische Befunde bei vaskulären Hirnprozessen. Vortrag 48. Kongr. Dtsch. Röntgenges. Hamburg, 1968.Google Scholar
  439. Schmoigl, S., Veverka, L.: Lokalisation zerebraler Prozesse im EEG und Schädelscan. Wien. Z. Nervenheilk. 27, 393 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  440. Schmukler, M., Workman, J.B.: The reliability of scintillation scanning for detection of intracranial lesions. J. nucl. Med. 7, 252 (1966).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  441. Schneider, C.: Hirntumornachweis mit Radioisotopen. Dtsch. med. Wschr. 91, 454 (1966).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  442. Schneider, C., Prévot, H., JR.: Das normale Hirnscintigramm mit 203-Hg Chlormerodrin und 99m-Tc Pertechnetat. Fortschr. Röntgenstr. 105, 98 (1966).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  443. Schneider, C., Prévot, H., JR., Tzonos, T.: Szintigraphie mit 203-Hg und 99m-Tc in der Diagnostik von Hirntumoren. Dtsch. med. Wschr. 93, 285 (1968).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  444. Schrader, H., Hirschbauer, M., Mundinger, F.: Nachweis des totalen Hirninfarktes mit der RadioIsotopen-Angiographie. Nucl.-Med. 15, 101 (1976).Google Scholar
  445. Schulhof, L.A., Heimburger, R.F.: Frontal lobe epidermoid tumor with a positive brain scan. Surg. Neurol. 1, 265 (1973).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  446. Schwarz, G., Schreyer, H., Argyropoulos, G.: Radiology for detection brain tumor recurrences. Acta Radiol. (diagn.) 17, 193 (1976).Google Scholar
  447. Sephton, R.G., Morley, B.J., Steven, L.W., Andrews, J.T., Cornell, S.N.: Differences between lesions in cerebral scanning. Aust. Radiol. 12, 328 (1969).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  448. Sharma, S., Quinn, J.L.: Brain scans in autopsy proved cases of intracerebral hemorrage. Arch. Neurol. (Chic.) 28, 270 (1973).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  449. Shaw, R.A., Dusault, L.A., Wiener, H.I.: False negative brain scans exluding those found in cerebral infarction. Radiology 98, 369 (1971).Google Scholar
  450. Shealey, C.N., Aronow, S., Brownell, G.L.: Gallium-68 as a scanning agent for intracranial lesions. J. nucl. Med. 5, 161 (1964)Google Scholar
  451. Sheldon, J.J., Smoak, W.M., Gargano, F.P.,Watson, D.D.: Dynamic scintigraphy in intracranial meningioma. Radiology 109, 109 (1973).Google Scholar
  452. Sheldon, J.J., Smoak, W.M., Serafini, A.N., Raskin, M.M.: Dynamic scintigraphy of primary and secondary malignant intracranial neoplasms. Radiology 114, 373 (1975).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  453. Silberstein, A.B., Levy, L.M.: 99m-Tc localization in the choroid plexus. Radiology 95, 529 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  454. Sindermann, F., Bechinger, D., Dichgans, J.: Occlusions of the internal carotid artery compared with those of the middle cerebral artery. Brain 93, 199 (1970).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  455. Smith, E.M.: Properties, uses, purity and calibration of 99m-Tc. J. nucl. Med. 5, 871 (1964).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  456. Smith, E.M.: Internal dose calculation of 99m-Tc. J. nucl. Med. 6, 231 (1965).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  457. Smith, G.A., Thomas, R.G., Scott, J.K.: The metabolism of indium after administration of a single dose to the rat. Hlth. Phys. 4, 101 (1960).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  458. Smoak, W.M., Gilson, A.J.: Scintillation visualization of a vascular rim in subdural hematoma. J. nucl. Med. 11, 695 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  459. Sneider, S.E., Dooley, D.M.: The usefulness of brain scanning. J. Amer. med. Ass. 190, 1012 (1964).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  460. Sodee, D.B.: Radiation dosimetry of mercury-197 neohydrin. J. nucl. Med. 5, 74 (1964).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  461. Sodee, D.B.: A new scanning isotope: Mercury-197. J. nucl. Med. 4, 335 (1963).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  462. Sodee, D.B.: Comparison of 99m-Tc-pertechnetate and 197-Hg-chlormerodrin for brain scanning. J. nucl. Med. 9, 645 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  463. Soloway, A.H., Aronow, S., Kaufman, C., Alcius, J.F.B., Whitman, B., Messer, J.R.: Penetration of brain and brain tumors: Radioactive scanning agents. J. nucl. Med. 8, 792 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  464. Son, Y.H., Wetzel, R.A., Wlison, W.J.: 99m-Tcpertechnetate scintiphotography as diagnostic and follow up aids in major vascular obstruction due to malignant neoplasm. Radiology 91, 349 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  465. Sorsby, A., Wright, A.D., Elkeles, A.: Vital staining in brain surgery. Proc. Roy. Soc. Med. 36, 137 (1942).Google Scholar
  466. Spencer, R.: Scintiscanning in space occupying lesions of the skull. Brit. J. Radiol. 38, 1 (1965).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  467. Spudis, E.V., Maynard, D.: Reliability of brain scans and electroencephalograms in combination. Sth med. J. (Bgham, Ala.) 62, 529 (1969).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  468. Stalder, A., Kinser, J., Rösler, H., Schnaars, P., Huber, P.: Type-specific tumor patterns in the cerebral radioangiography. Neuroradiology 3, 137 (1972).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  469. Stanbro, W., Murphy, C.F.: Brain scanning in the diagnosis of metastatic brain tumors. Med. Ann. (Wash. D.C.) 38, 135 (1969).Google Scholar
  470. Stang, L.G., Richards, P.: Tailoring the isotopes to the need. Nucleonics 22, 46 (1964).Google Scholar
  471. Stapleton, J.E., Odell, R.W., Mckamey, M.R.: Technetium-iron-ascorbic acid complex. Amer. J. Roentgenol. 101, 152 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  472. Stebner, F.C., Wilner, H.I., Eyler, W.R.: Correlation of pathologic and radiologic findings in brain infarction. Radiology 91, 280 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  473. Steinhoff, H.: Die Leistungsfähigkeit der Hirnszintigraphie in der Differentialdiagnostik intrakranieller Prozesse. Acta neurochir. (Wien) 26, 99 (1972).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  474. Stern, H.S., Goodwin, D.A., Wagner, H.N. JR.: 113m-In a short-lived isotope for lung scanning. Nucleonics 24, 57 (1966).Google Scholar
  475. Stern, H.S., Goodwin, D.A., Scheffel, U., Wagner, H.N., Jr.: 113m-In for blood-pool and brain scanning. Nucleonics 25 (1967).Google Scholar
  476. Stöcker, E., Börner, W., Moll, E.: Der autoradiographische Nachweis von 99m-Tc. Klin. Wschr. 44, 470 (1968).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  477. Strauss, H.W., James, A.E., Hurley, P.J., De Land, F.H., Moses, D.C., Wagner, H.N.: Nuclear cerebral angiography. Arch. intern. Med. 131, 211 (1973).Google Scholar
  478. Sugitani, Y., Nakama, M., Yamushi, Y., Imaizumi, M., Nukada, T., Abe, H.: Neovascularization and increased uptake of 99m-Tc in experimentally produced cerebral hematoma. J. nucl. Med. 14, 912 (1973).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  479. Summer, K.: Die Szintigraphie zerebraler Erkrankungen. Wien. klin. Wschr. 80, 324 (1968).Google Scholar
  480. Sutherland, J.B., Hill, N., Banerjee, A.K., Gilday, D.L.: Brain scanning and brain abscesses. J. Ass. Canad. Radiol. 23, 176 (1972).Google Scholar
  481. Suwanwela, CH., Poshyachinda, V., Poshyachinda, M.: Brain scanning in the diagnosis of intracraniell abscess. Acta neurochir. (Wien) 25, 165 (1971).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  482. Suwanwela, C., Posityachinda, V., Poshyachinda, M.: Isotope cisternography and ventriculography in frontoethmoidal encephalomeningocele. Acta radiol. (Diagn.) (Stockh.) 14, 5 (1973).Google Scholar
  483. Sweet, W.H., Mealey, J., JR., Aronow, S., Brownell, G.L.: Localization of focal intracranial lesions by scanning of rays from positron-emitting isotopes. Clin. Neurosurg. 7, 159 (1961).Google Scholar
  484. Takahashi, M., Nofal, M.M., Beierwaltes, W.H.: Correlation of brain scan images and area counting after scanning with tumor pathology. J. nucl. Med. 7, 32 (1966).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  485. Tator, CH.H., Moorley, T.P., Olszewski, J.: A study of the factors responsible for the accumulation of radioactive iodinated human serum albumin (RIHSA) by intracranial tumors and other lesions. J. Neurosurg. 22, 60 (1965).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  486. Tator, CH.H., Olszewski, J.: Factors responsible for the distribution of radioactivity in a mouse glioma and brain after injection of radioiodinated human serum albumin (RIHSA). Cancer Res. 26, 1569 (1966).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  487. Tauxe, W.N., Thorsen, H.C.: Cerebrovascular permeability studies in cerebral neoplasms and vascular lesions. J. nucl. Med. 10, 34 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  488. Teates, CH.D.: Enlarging gamma-camera scans. J. nucl.Med. 9, 64 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  489. Tefft, M.: Radioisotopes in malignancies in children. J. Amer. med. Ass. 207, 1853 (1969).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  490. Tefft, M., Jerva, M., Matson, D.D.: 197-Hg chlormerodrin for brain scans in children. Amer. J. Roentgenol. 95, 921 (1965).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  491. Tefft, M., Matson, D.D., Neuhauser, E.B.D.: Brain abscess in children. Amer. J. Roentgenol. 98, 675 (1966).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  492. Thompson, R.W., De Nardo, G.L.: Therapeutic response of intracranial Hodgkin’s disease documented by brain scanning. Cancer (Philad.) 24, 981 (1969).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  493. Thompson, R.W., De Nardo, G.L., Kottra, J.J.: The diagnostic value of brain scanning in intracranial lymphomas. Radiology 102, 111 (1972).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  494. Tori, G., Sciascia, R.: Cerebral scintiscanning with radioactive mercury in the diagnosis of brain tumors. Radiol. Clin. Biol. 35, 193 (1966).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  495. Tow, D.E., Wagner, H.N., JR., Deland, F.H., North, W.A.: Brain scanning in cerebral vascular disease. J. Amer. med. Ass. 207, 105 (1969).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  496. Traicoff, D., Mishkin, F.S.: The diagnosis of Dandy-Walker cyst by brain scanning. Amer. J. Roentgenol. 106, 344 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  497. Trapp, P., Hascher, J., Tzonos, T.: Nuklearmedizinische and neuroradiologische Untersuchungsergebnisse bei postoperativen Hirntumorrezidiven. Nucl.-Med. (Stuttg.) 12, 234 (1973).Google Scholar
  498. Treves, S., Spencer, R.P.: Diagnosis of meningeoma by radioisotope and thermal scan. Invest. Radiol. 4, 333 (1969).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  499. Tsuyumu, M., Hiratsuka, H., Ohata, M., Hashimoto, K., Matsushima, Y., Inaba, Y.: Brain scanning of subdural hematoma in infants and children. Bull. Tokyo med. dent. Univ. 19, 271 (1972).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  500. Ucmakli, A.: The pathological significance of corpus callosum involvement in brain scans. J. nucl. Med. 13, 510 (1972).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  501. Usher, M.S., Quinn. J.L.: Serial brain scanning with technetium-99m-pertechnetate in cerebral infarction. Amer. J. Roentgenol. 105, 728 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  502. Valenstein, E., Rosman, P., Carter, A.P.: Schilder’s disease (Positive brain scan). J. Amer. med. Ass. 217, 1699 (1971).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  503. Vaughan, R.J., Lovegrove, F.T.A., Fleay R.F., Quinlan, M.F.: Scintiscanning in the detection and diagnosis of subdural haematoma and hygroma. Austral. N.Z. J. Surg. 40, 343 (1971).Google Scholar
  504. Vitye, B., Ostiguy, G., Le Bel, E.: Abnormal 99m-Tc brain scan in cerebral sarcoidosis. Canad. med. Ass. J. 101, 169 (1969).Google Scholar
  505. De Vlieger, M., Lange, S.A., Gersic, E.: Combined results of electro-and echoencephalography in the diagnosis of cerebral tumors. Acta neurochir. (Wien) 21, 1 (1969).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  506. Van Vliet, P., Tauxe, N., Svien, H.J., Jenkins, P.: The effect of craniotomy on the brain scan. J. Neurosurg. 23, 425 (1965).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  507. Wagner, H.N., Jr., Stern, H.S., Goodwin, D.A.: Comparison of indium 113m-chelates and technetium-99m pertechnetate as a brain scanning agent. J. nucl. Med. 8, 261 (1967).Google Scholar
  508. Waltimo, O., Eistola, P., Vuolio, M.: Brain scanning in detection of intracranial arteriovenous malformations. Acta neurol. scand. 49, 434 (1973).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  509. Wang, Y., Rosen, J.A.: Positive brain scan in nonspace-occupying lesions. Amer. J. Roentgenol. 93, 816 (1965).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  510. Wang, Y., Shea, F.J., Rosen, J.A.: Comparison of the accuracy of brain scanning and other procedures used for brain tumor detection. Neurology (Minneap.) 15, 1117 (1965).Google Scholar
  511. V. Wassermann, A., Keysser, F., Wassermann, M.: Beiträge zum Problem Geschwülste von der Blutbahn aus therapeutisch zu beeinflussen. Dtsch. med. Wschr. 37, 2389 (1911).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  512. Watson, D.D., Nelson, J.P., Gottlieb, S.: Rapid bolus injection of radioisotopes. Radiology 106, 347 (1973).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  513. Waxman, A.D., Lee, G., Wolfstein, R., Siemsen, J.K.: Differential diagnosis of brain lesions by gallium scanning. J. nucl. Med. 14, 903 (1973).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  514. Waxman, A.D., Siemsen, J.K.: Gallium scanning in cerebral and cranial infections. Amer. J. Roentgenol. 127, 309 (1976).Google Scholar
  515. Waxman, A.D., Siemsen, J.K., Lee, G.C., Wolfstein, R.S., Moser, L.: Reliability of gallium brain scanning in the detection and differentiation of central nervous system lesions. Radiology 116, 675 (1975).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  516. Waxman, A.D., Tanacescu, D., Siemsen, J.K., Wolf-Stein, R.S.: Technetium-99m-glucoheptonate as a brain-scanning agent: Critical comparison with pertechnetate. J. nucl. Med. 17, 345 (1976).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  517. Waxman, H.J., Ziegler, D.K., Rubin, S.: Brain scans in diagnosis of cerebrovascular disorders. J. Amer. med. Ass. 192. 453 (1965).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  518. Webber, M.M.: Technetium-99m normal brain scans and their anatomic features. J. nucl. Med. 6, 767 (1965).Google Scholar
  519. Weber, G.: Das chronische Subduralhämatom. Schweiz. med. Wschr. 99, 1483 (1969).Google Scholar
  520. Welch, J.M., Adatepe, M., Potchen, E.J.: An analysis of technetium (99m-Tco4) kinetics: The effect of perchlorate and iodide pretreatment. Int. J. appl. Radiat. 20, 437 (1969).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  521. Wende, S.: Ergebnisse der Hirntumordiagnostik mit radioaktiven Substanzen. Acta radiol. Diagn. 1, 972 (1963a).Google Scholar
  522. Wende, S.: Technik und Wert der Gamma-Enzephalographie. Fortschr. Röntgenstr. 98, 466 (1963b).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  523. Wende, S.: Neuroradiologische Untersuchungen mit radioaktiven Substanzen. Röntgenpraxis 17, 175 (1964).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  524. Wende, S.: Verlaufsuntersuchungen bei Hirntumoren mit radioaktiven Isotopen. Acta radiol. Diagn. 5, 928 (1966).Google Scholar
  525. Wende, S.: Angiographische Befunde bei der cerebralen Mangeldurchblutung. Radiologe 9, 392 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  526. Wilcke, O.: Die Szintigraphie bei Hirntumoren. Radiologe 5, 393 (1965).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  527. Wilcke, O.: Die Bedeutung der Szintigraphie im Rahmen der neurochirurgischen Tumordiagnostik. Acta neurochir. 23, 285 (1970).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  528. Wilcke, O.: Isotopendiagnostik in der Neurochirurgie. Acta neurochir., Suppl. 15, (1966a).Google Scholar
  529. Wilcke, O.: Hirntumordiagnostik mit Isotopen. Nervenarzt 36, 508 (1966b).Google Scholar
  530. Wilcke, O.: Möglichkeiten und Probleme der Isotopendiagnostik zerebraler Erkrankungen. Zbl. Neurochir. 30, 61 (1969).Google Scholar
  531. Wilkins, R.H., Pircher, F.J., Dom, G.L.: The value of postoperative brain scan in patients with supratentorial intracranial tumors. J. Neurosurg. 27, 11l (1967).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  532. Wilkins, R.H., Wilkinson, R.H., Odom, G.L.: Abnormal brain scan in patients with cerebral arterial spasm. J. Neurosurg. 36, 133 (1972).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  533. Williams, C.M., Garcia-Bemgochea, F.: Concentration of radioactive chlormerodrin in the fluid of chronic subdural hematoma. Radiology 84, 745 (1965).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  534. Williams, J.L., Beiler, D.: Brain scanning in non-tumorous conditions. Neurology (Minneap.) 16, 1159 (1966).Google Scholar
  535. Williams, J.O., Herzberg, L., Hicks, E.P., Williams, N.E., Croft, D.N.: Overall value of brain scans and electroencephalograms in detecting neurosurgical lesions. Lancet 1972II 642.Google Scholar
  536. Wilson, E.B., Briggs, R.C.: A study of the orbital region in brain scanning using the en face view. Radiology 92, 576 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  537. Zum Winkel, K., Piotrowski, W., Klar, E., Scheer, K.E.: Nachweis und Lokalisation von Hirntumoren mit Radioneohydrin. Acta neurochir. (Wien) 14, 106 (1966).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  538. Winkler, C.: Computer assisted differential diagnostics of human brain lesions. IRCS Int. Res. Cornmunic. System: Paper (73–12) 16–23–2 (1973).Google Scholar
  539. Wise, G., Brockenbrough, E.C., Marty, R., Griep, R.J.: The detection of carotid artery obstruction. Stroke 2, 105 (1971).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  540. Witcofski, R., Janeway, R., Maynard, C.D., Bear-Den, E.K., Schultz, J.L.: Visualization of the choroid plexus on the technetium brain scan. Arch. Neurol. (Chic.) 16, 286 (1967).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  541. Witcofski, R., Maynard, C.D., Meschan, I.: The utilization of 99m-technetium in brain scanning. J. nucl. Med. 6, 121 (1965).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  542. Witcofski, R., Maynard, C.D., Roper, T.J.: A comparative analysis of the accuracy of the technetium-99m pertechnetate brain scan. J. nucl. Med. 8, 187 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  543. Witcofski, R.L., Roper, T.J.: A technique for scanning the posterior fossa. J. nucl. Med. 6, 754 (1965).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  544. Witcofski, R., Roper, T.J., Maynard, C.D.: False positive brain scans from extracranial contamination with 99m-technetium. J. nucl. Med. 6, 524 (1965).Google Scholar
  545. Wolf, R., Haas, J.P.: Die Hirntumorszintigraphie. Internist. Praxis 10, 1 (1970).Google Scholar
  546. Wolfstein, R.S., Tanacescu, D., Sakimura, I.T., Waxman, A.D., Siemsen, J.K.: Brain imaging with 99mTc-DTPA: A clinical comparison of early and delayed studies. J. nucl. Med. 15, 1135 (1974).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  547. Wu, CH.: Cerebral blood flow studies with intravenously injected sodium pertechnetate in cerebrovascular disease. J. Formosa med. Assoc. 71, 551 (1972).Google Scholar
  548. Yalaz, K., Treves, S.: Brain scanning and cerebral radioisotope angiography in children. Pediatrics 54, 696 (1974).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  549. Yamamoto, Y.L., Feindel, W.H., Zanelli, J.: Comparative study of radioactive chlormerodrin tagged with mercury-197 and mercury-203 for brain scanning. Neurology (Minneap.) 14, 815 (1964).Google Scholar
  550. Yates, CH., Tompsett, R.: Reliability of brain scan diagnosis. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 10, 112 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  551. Yeh, E.L.: Elimination of salivary gland uptake by lemon. J. nucl. Med. 12, 770 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  552. Young, D.F., Eldridge, R., Gardner, W.J.: Bilateral acoustic neuroma in a large kindred. J. Amer. med. Ass. 214, 347 (1970).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  553. Young, R.L., Rockett, J.F.: The brain scan as a routine screening procedure. Sth. med. J. (Bgham, Ala.) 65, 65 (1972).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  554. Zatz, L.M., Hanbery, J.W., Gifford, P., Belza, J.: The diagnosis of tumors of the splenium of the corpus callosum. Amer. J. Roentgenol. 101, 130 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  555. Zeidler, U.: Das Hirnszintigramm in der ambulanten Hirngeschwulstdiagnostik. Z. Allgemeinmed. 46, 170 (1970).Google Scholar
  556. Zeidler, U., Kottke, S.: Hirngeschwulstnachweis durch Szintigraphie. Dtsch. Zbl. Nervenheilk. 196, 63 (1969).Google Scholar
  557. Zeidler, U., Kottke, S., Hundeshagen, H.: Hirnszintigraphie, 2. Aufl. Berlin-Heidelberg-New York: Springer 1975.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  558. Zeidler, U., Summer, K., Brunngraber, C.V., Kottke, S.: Untersuchungen zur pathophysiologischen Grundlage der Hirnszintigraphie mit 99mTc-Pertechnetat. Arch. Psychiat. Nervenkr. 213, 200 (1970).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  559. Zeidler, U., Weinrich, W., Brunngraber, C.V., Eckhardt, W., Junker, D., Bettels, G., Kalden, J.: Indium-111 as a brain scanning agent. Symposium Scintigraphy der IAEA Monte Carlo 1972; Wien: IAEA 1973.Google Scholar
  560. Zingesser, L.H.: Scanning in diseases of the subdural space. Sem. nucl. Med. 1, 41 (1971).Google Scholar
  561. Zita, G.: Die Szintigraphie zerebraler Erkrankungen. Wien. kiln. Wschr. 80, 320 (1968).Google Scholar
  562. Zülch, K.J.: Die Hirngeschwülste in biologischer und morphologischer Darstellung. Leipzig: Joh. Ambr. Barth 1956.Google Scholar
  563. Zülch, K.J., Borck, W.F.: Tafeln über die relative Häufigkeit der Hirngeschwülste in verschiedenen Altersklassen. Zbl. Neurochir. 12, 93 (1952).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin · Heidelberg 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • U. Zeidler

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations