Erworbene Herzklappenfehler

  • F. Loogen
  • L. Seipel
  • U. Gleichmann
  • H. Vieten
Part of the Handbuch der Medizinischen Radiologie/Encyclopedia of Medical Radiology book series (HDBRADIOL, volume 10 / 2 / 2a)

Zusammenfassung

Für die Entstehung eines erworbenen Herzklappenfehlers kommen zahlreiche ätiologische Faktoren in Frage. Zahlenmäßig überwiegen die rheumatischen und bakteriellen Endokarditiden.

Literatur

  1. Abelmann, W. H., Ellis, L. B., Habken, D. W.: Diagnosis of mitral regurgitation. An evaluation of clinical criteria, fluoroscopy, phonocardiogram, auricular esophagogram and elektrokymogram. Amer. J. Med. 15, 5 (1953)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Abelson, D. M., Jaffe, J., Murray, P. J.: Determination of cardiovascular velocities by Doppler- cardiometry. I. The normal tracing and effects of age. Cardiovasc. Res. 5, 535 (1971)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Abrams, H. L.: Present status of biplane cineangio- cardiography. J. Amer. med. Ass. 184, 747 (1963)Google Scholar
  4. Agar, J.: L’insuffisance tricuspidienne fonctionelle. Est-elle a operer ? Presse med. 78, 1499 (1970)Google Scholar
  5. Acar, J., Lemant, P., Fanjoux, J., Grimberg, D.: Insuffisance mitrale et valvulopathie aortique Coeur Med. intern. 8, 449 (1969)Google Scholar
  6. Aceves, S., Carral, R.: The diagnosis of tricuspid valve disease. Amer. Heart J. 84, 114 (1947)Google Scholar
  7. Ainger, L. E.: Mitral and aortic valve incompetence in endocardial fibroelastosis. Diagnostic and hemodynamic significance. Amer. J. Cardiol. 28, 309 (1971)Google Scholar
  8. Ainsworth, R. P., Hartmann, A. F., Aker, U., Schad, N.: Tricuspid valve prolapse with late systolic tricuspid insufficiency. Radiology 107, 309 (1973)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. v. Albertini, A.: Pathologie des Endokard. In: Das Herz des Menschen (W. Bargmann, W. Doerr, Hrsg.), Bd. II. Stuttgart: Thieme 1963, S. 612Google Scholar
  10. Alderson, G. L., Bernhardt, H. E.: Candida endocarditis of the tricuspid valve. Report of a case. J. Amer. med. Ass. 224, 517 (1973)Google Scholar
  11. Aldor, E., Heeger, H.: Zur Gruppierung der hochgradigen Mitralinsuffizienz. Wien. Z. inn. Med. 49, 19 (1968)Google Scholar
  12. Alexander, G. H.: Slit roentgenokymography of calcified aortic valves. J. Amer. med. Ass. 218, 302 (1970a)Google Scholar
  13. Alexander, G. H.: The Heart and its action. Roent- genkymographic studies. St. Louis: W. H. Green, 1970bGoogle Scholar
  14. Alexander, R. S.: Transformation of the arterial pulse wave between the aortic arch and femoral artery. Amer. J. Physiol. 158, 287 (1949)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Ali, N.: Pulsations of arm veins in the absence of tricuspid insufficiency. Chest 68, 41 (1973)Google Scholar
  16. Allen, P., Robertson, R.: The significance of intermittent regurgitation in aortic valve prostheses. J. thorac. cardiovasc. Surg. 54, 549 (1967)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Altschulte, M. D., Budnitz, E.: Rheumatic disease of the tricuspid valve. Arch. Path. 80, 7 (1940)Google Scholar
  18. Amplatz, K.: The roentgenographic diagnosis of mitral and aortic valvular disease. Amer. Heart J. 64, 556 (1962)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Amplatz, K., Ernst, E., Lester, R. G., Lillehei, C. W., Lellie, A.: Retrograde left cardioangio- graphy as a test of valvular competence. Radiology 72, 268 (1959)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Amplatz, K., Lester, R. G., Ernst, R., Lillehei, C. W.: Left retrograde cardioangiography: its diagnostic value in acquired and congenital heart disease. Radiology 76, 393 (1961)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. Anderson, F. L., Tsagaris, T. J., Tikoff, G., Thorne, J.L., Schmidt, A.M., Kuida, H.: Hemodynamic effects of exercise in patients with aortic stenosis. Amer. J. Med. 46, 872 (1969)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Anschütz, F., Drube, H. C.: Über das Schicksal der Herzkranken mit erworbenen Klappenfehlern. Dtsch. Arch. klin. Med. 208, 497 (1956/57)Google Scholar
  23. Anschütz, F., Wipperfürth, U.: Über die Abnahme und das zunehmende Alter von rheumatischen Herzklappenfehlern. Z. Kreisl.-Forsch. 61, 385 (1972)Google Scholar
  24. Aram, S. S.: Atrial fibrillation and mitral regurgitation. Mt. Sinai J. Med. 87, 241 (1970)Google Scholar
  25. Arani, D. T., Carleton, R.: The deleterious role of tachycardia in mitral stenosis. Circulation 86, 511 (1967)Google Scholar
  26. AravAnis, C., Michaelides, G.: Unusual cases of mitral regurgitation with loud and widespread murmur. Acta cardiol. (Brüx.) 22, 587 (1967)Google Scholar
  27. Aravanis, C., Michaelides, G., Lazarides, D.: Recurrence of mitral stenosis after commissurotomy. A phonocardiographic evaluation. Acta cardiol. (Brüx.) 23, 217 (1968)Google Scholar
  28. Arbula, A., Thomas, N. W., Wilson, R. F.: Valvulotomy without prosthetic replacement. A lifesaving operation for tricuspid Pseudomonas endocarditis. J. thorac. cardiovasc. Surg. 64,103 (1972)Google Scholar
  29. Arcilla, R. A., Agustsson, M. H., Steiger, Z., Gasul, B.: An angiocardiographic sign of aortic regurgitation, its utilization for the measurement of regurgitant flow. Circulation 28, 269 (1961)Google Scholar
  30. Argano, B., Luisada, A. A.: The phonocardiographic picture of aortic insufficiency. Chest 61, 384 (1972)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. Aris, A., Fast, A. J., Tector, A. J., Flemma, R. J., Lepley, D.: A comparative study of ball and disc prostheses in mitral valve replacement. J. thorac. cardiovasc. Surg. 68, 335 (1974)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. Arnold, J. R., Ghahramani, A. R., Hernandez, F. A., Sommer, L. S.: Calcification of annulus of tricuspid valve. (Observation in two patients with congenital pulmonary stenosis.) Chest 60, 229 (1971)Google Scholar
  33. Ajrvidsson, H.: Angiocardiographic observations in mitral stenosis. Acta Radiol., Suppl. 158(1958)Google Scholar
  34. Ajrvidsson, H., Karnell, J.: Quantitative assessment of mitral and aortic insufficiency by angiocardiography. Acta Radiol. 2, 105 (1964)Google Scholar
  35. Asano, K., Washio, M., Eguchi, S.: Results of mitral valve replacement, with special reference to the functional tricuspid insufficiency Jap. Heart J. 12, 507 (1971)Google Scholar
  36. Aschoff, L.: Zur Myocarditisfrage. Yerh. dtsch. patL Ges. 8, 46 (1905)Google Scholar
  37. Ashburn, W. L., Braunwald, E., Simon, A. L., Peterson, K. L., Gault, J. H.: Myocardial perfusion imaging with radioactive-labeled particles injected directly into the coronary circulation of patients with coronary artery disease. Circulation 44, 851 (1971)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. Austen, W. G., Kastor, J. A., Sanders, C. A.: Resolution of functional mitral regurgitation follow- ing surgical correction of aortic valvular disease J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg. 53, 255 (1967)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  39. Austen, W. G., Soko, D. M., De Sanctis, R. W., Sanders, C. A.: Surgical treatment of papillary muscle rupture complicating myocardial infarction. New Engl. J. Med. 278, 1137 (1968)Google Scholar
  40. Babcock, K. B., Judge, R. D., Bookstein, J. J.: Acquired pulmonic stenosis. Circulation 26, 931 (1962)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  41. Bache, R. J., Fromm, A. H. L., Castañeda, A. R., Jorgensen, C. R., Wang, Y.: Late thrombotic obstruction of Starr-Edwards tricuspid valve prosthesis. Chest 61, 613 (1972)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  42. Bache, R. J., Jorgensen, R. C., Wang, Y.: Simplified estimation of aortic valve area. Brit. Heart J. 84, 408 (1972)Google Scholar
  43. Bache, R. J., Wang, Y., Jorgensen, C. R.: Hemodynamic effects of exercise in isolated valvular aortic stenosis. Circulation 44, 1003 (1971)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  44. Bachmann, G. W.: Diagnostische Bedeutung quantitativer Plasmaproteinbestimmung bei Erkrankungen des Herzens. Herz Kreisl. 8, 90 (1971)Google Scholar
  45. Bachmann, K., Zölich, K. A., Pfeiler, M.: Selektive Koronarangiographie bei erworbenen Herzklappenfehlern. Dtsch. Röntgenkongr. 52, 29 (1971)Google Scholar
  46. Bachour, G., Klempt, H. W., Bender, F.: Mitralinsuffizienz und deren Differentialdiagnose im Abbild der Indikatorverdünnung nach peripher- venöser Injektion. Med. Welt 28, 1371 (1972)Google Scholar
  47. Baedeker, W., Henselmann, L., Wirtzfeld, A., Seidenbusch, W.: Der Einfluß der Mitralkom- missurotomie auf die reaktive pulmonale Hypertonie. Z. Kardiol. 62, 396 (1973)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  48. Baggenstoss, A. H., Titus, J. L.: Rheumatic and collagen disorders of the heart. In: Pathology of the heart and blood vessels (S. E. Gould, Ed.). Springfield/Ill.: Thomas 1968 S. 649Google Scholar
  49. Bahnson, H. T., Newman, E. V.: Diagnosis and surgical removal of intracavitary myxoma of the right atrium. Bull. John Hopkins Hosp. 98, 150 (1953)Google Scholar
  50. Baidya, M., Hollinrake, K., Yacoub, M. H.: Changes in heart size after homograft replacement of aortic, mitral or both aortic and mitral valves. Brit. Heart J. 84, 503 (1972)Google Scholar
  51. Bailey, C. P., Bolton, H. E.: Criteria for and results of surgery for mitral stenosis. N.Y. State J. Med. 56, 649 (1956)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  52. Bailey, C. P., Likofe, W.: Surgical management of aortic stenosis. Arch, intern. Med. 99, 859 (1957)Google Scholar
  53. Baird, R. J., Lipton, J. H., Labrosse, C. J., Wigle, E. D., Bigelow, W. G., Heimbecker, R. D., Key, J. A.: An evaluation of the late results of aortic valve repair. J. thorac. cardiovasc. Surg. 49, 562 (1965)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  54. Bajec, D. F., Birkhead, N. C., Carter, S. A., Wood, E. H.: Localization and estimation of severity of regurgitant flow at the pulmonary and tricuspid valves. Mayo Clin. Proc. 88, 569 (1958)Google Scholar
  55. Baltaxe, H. A.: The current uses of coronary angiography. Radiol. Clin. Amer. 9, 597 (1971)Google Scholar
  56. Bandy, G. E., Yogel, J. H. K.: Progressive congenital valvular aortic stenosis. Chest 60, 189 (1971)Google Scholar
  57. Banks, T.: Tricuspid valve prosthesis and thrombotic obstruction. Chest 63, 650 (1973)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  58. Banks, T., Fletsciier, R., Ali, N.: Infective endocarditis in heroin addicts. Amer. J. Med. 55, 444 (1973)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  59. Bannister, R. G.: The risks of deferring valvotomy in patients with moderate mitral stenosis. Lancet 1960 II, 329Google Scholar
  60. Baragan, J., Escher, J., Coblence, B., Mehrez, R., Lenegre, J.: Positive systolic venous pulse after replacement of the tricuspid valve by a Starr- Edwards ball valve prosthesis. Amer. J. Cardiol. 23785 (1969)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  61. Barclay, R. S., Reid, J. M., Stevenson, J. G., Welsh, T. M., McSwan, N.: Long-term follow-up of mitral valve replacement with Starr-Edwards prosthesis. Brit. Heart J. 34, 129 (1972)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  62. Barlow, J., Fuller, D., Denny, M.: A case of right atrial myxoma. With special reference to an unusual phonocardiographic finding. Brit. Heart J.24, 120 (1962)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  63. Barlow, J. B., Pocock, W. A., Marchand, P., Denny, M.: The significance of late systolic murmurs. Amer. Heart J. 66, 443 (1963)Google Scholar
  64. Barnhorst, D. A, Oxman, M. A., Connoly, D. C., Pluth, J. R., Danielson, G. H., Wallace, R. B. and McGoon: Isolated replacement of the mitral valve with the Starr-Edwards prosthesis. J. thorac. cardiovasc. Surg. 71, 230–237 (1976)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  65. Baron, M. G.: The angiocardiographic diagnosis of valvular stenosis. Circulation 44, 143 (1971a)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  66. Baron, M. G.: Left anterior oblique view for evaluation of left atrial size. Circulation 44, 926 (1971b)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  67. Baron, M. G.: Angiographic evaluation of valvular insufficiency. Circulation 43, 599 (1971c)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  68. Barratt-Boyes, B. G.: Surgical correction of mitral incompetence resulting from bacterial endocarditis. Brit. Heart J. 25, 415 (1963)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  69. Barratt-Boyes, B. G., Roche, A. H. G., Brandt, P. W. T., Smith, J. C., Lowe, J. B.: Aortic homo- graft valve replacement. A long-term follow-up of an initial series of 101 patients. Circulation 40, 763 (1969)Google Scholar
  70. Barrett, J. S., Helwig jr, J, Kay, C. F., Johnson, J.: Cine-aortographic evaluation of aortic insufficiency. Unsuspected idiopathic aneurysmal dilatation of the aortic root as a possible indication of the Marfan syndrome. Ann. intern. Med. 61, 1071 (1964)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  71. Bartle, S. H., Hermann, H. J.: Acute mitral regurgitation in man. Hemodynamic evidence and observations indicating aji early role for the pericardium. Circulation 36, 839 (1967)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  72. Bashour, T., Lindsay, J.: Midsystolic clicks originating from tricuspid valve structure: A sequela of heroin-induced endocarditis. Chest 67, 620(1975)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  73. Bass, N. M., Sharratt, G. P.: Left atrial myxoma diagnosed by echocardiography, with observations on tumour movement. Brit. Heart J. 35, 1336 (1973)Google Scholar
  74. Basta, L. L., Lerona, P. T., January, L. E.: Physical and radiologic examination of the lung in the evaluation of cardiac disease. Amer. Heart J. 90, 255–264 (1975)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  75. Batson, G. A., Urquhart, W., Sideris, D. A.: Radiological features in aortic stenosis. Clin. Radiol. 23, 140 (1972)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  76. Bauer, A. E., Baum, S., Wallace, H. W., Blake- more, W. S., Zinsser, H. F.: The diagnosis of left atrial thrombus by cinangiography. Arch. Burg. 97, 976 (1968)Google Scholar
  77. Baxley, W. A., Kennedy, J. A., Feild, B., Dodge, H. T.: Hemodynamics in ruptured chordae ten- dineae and chronic rheumatic mitral regurgitation. Circulation 48, 1288 (1973)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  78. Bayer, O., Effert, S.: Über die räumliche Lage der R- und T-Yektoren bei Mitralvitien und ihre Beziehung zu den Druckverhältnissen im Lungenkreislauf. Yerh. dtsch. Ges. Kreisl.-Forsch. 18, 179 (1952)Google Scholar
  79. Bayer, O., Grosse-Brockhoff, F., Loogen, F., Meessen, H.: Vergleichende klinische, pathophy- siologische und pathologisch-anatomische Untersuchungen bei Mitralstenose. Arch. Kreisl.-Forsch. 26, 238 (1957)Google Scholar
  80. Bayer, O., Loogen, F., Vieten, H., Willmann, K. H., Wolter, H. H.: Der Wert des Herzkatheterismus und der Angiokardiographie bei der Diagnostik intra- und extrakardialer Tumoren. Dtsch. med. Wschr. 79, 619 (1954a)Google Scholar
  81. Bayer, O., Loogen, F., Wolter, H. H.: The mitral opening snap in the quantitative diagnosis of mitral stenosis. Amer. Heart J. 51, 234 (1956)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  82. Bayer, O., Loogen, F., Wolter, H.H.: Die Herz- katheterisierung bei angeborenen und erworbenen Herzfehlern 1. Aufl. 1954b; 2. Aufl. 1967, Stuttgart: ThiemeGoogle Scholar
  83. Bayer, O., Loogen, F., Wolter, H. H., Rippert, R., Augath, D., Beier, D.: Zur Pathyphysiologie und Klinik der Mitralstenose. I. Mitteilung: Hämo- dynamische Befunde bei 200 Patienten mit reiner oder überwiegender Mitralstenose. Arch. Kreisl.- Forsch. 21, 383 (1954c)Google Scholar
  84. Bayer, O., Wolter, H. H., Teige, I., Rippert, R.: Die Berechnung der Klappenöffnungsfläche steno- sierter Herzklappen, demonstriert am Beispiel der Stenosen der Mitralis und Pulmonalis. Z. Kreisl.-Forsch. 41, 926 (1952)Google Scholar
  85. Beach, P. M., Bowman, F. O., Kaiser, G. A., Parodi, E., Malm, J. R.: Aortic valve replacement with frozen irradiated homografts: Long- term evaluation. Circulation, Suppl. 45/1, 29 (1972)Google Scholar
  86. Bean, W. B., Olch, D., Weinberg, H. B.: The syndrome of carcinoid and acquired valve lesions of the right side of the heart. Circulation 12, 1 (1955)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  87. Beck, B., Frank, H., Grosser, K. D., Schlepper, M.: Über den direkten Nachweis des Insuffizienz- anteiles bei Mitralfehlern durch Indikatorverdünnungskurven. Verh. dtsch. Ges. Kreisl.- Forsch. 81, 278 (1965)Google Scholar
  88. Becker, A. E.: Cardiac complications of infectious endocarditis of the aortic valve. Europ. J. Cardiol. 1, 467 (1974)Google Scholar
  89. Behrendt, D.M., Austen, W. G.: Current status of prosthetics for heart valve replacement. Progr. cardiovasc. Dis. 15, 369 (1973)Google Scholar
  90. Belcher, I. R., Sommer ville, W.: Systemic embolism and left auricular thrombosis in relation to mitral valvotomy. Brit. med. J. 1955/11, 1000Google Scholar
  91. Benaim, P., Binet, J.-P., Conso, J. F., Brauder, J., Welti, J. J.: Cure chirurgicale d’une insuffisance mitrale majeure par rupture de pilier provoquée par un infarctus myocardique. Arch. Mal. Coeur 68, 1179 (1970)Google Scholar
  92. Benchimol, A., Desser, K. B., Gartlan, J. L.: Bidirectional blood flow velocity in the cardiac chambers and great vessels studied with ultrasonic flowmeter. Amer. J. Med. 52, 467 (1972)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  93. Benchimol, A., Harris, C. L., Desser, K. B.: Noninvasive diagnosis of tricuspid insufficiency utilizing the external Doppler flowmeter probe. Amer. J. Cardiol. 82, 868 (1973)Google Scholar
  94. Benchimol, A., Matsuo, S.: Ejection time before and after aortic valve replacement. Amer. J. Cardiol. 27, 244 (1971)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  95. Bender, F.: Kerley-Linien bei Mitralklappen- stenosen und Lungenembolie. Med. Welt 49, 2931 (1967)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  96. Bender, F., Schürmeyer, E., Grad aus, D., Reploh, D.: Die Diagnose primärer Herztumoren. Dtsch. med. Wschr. 96, 1338 (1971)Google Scholar
  97. Ben Ismail, M., Ben Hamid a, H., Bousser, P., Daoud,M., Fourati, M., Giiiriani, M., Bareiss, P.: Insuffisance tricuspidienne et commissurotomie mitrale. Arch. Mal. Coeur 65, 235 (1972)Google Scholar
  98. Bentivoglio, L. G., Uricchio, J. F., Goldberg, H.: Clinical and hemodynamic features of advanced rheumatic mitral regurgitation. Review of sixty- five patients. Amer. J. Med. 80, 372 (1961)Google Scholar
  99. Ben-Zvi, J., Hildner, F. J., Javier, R. P., Fester, A., Samet, P.: Calcific aortic insufficiency. A review of 26 patients. Amer. Heart J. 89, 278 (1975)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  100. Beregovich, J., Reiciier-Reiss, H.: Calcification of the tricuspid valve: Case report. Vase. Surg. 7, 200 (1973)Google Scholar
  101. Berendt, D.M., Austen, W. G.: Current status of prosthetics for heart valve replacement. Progr. cardiovasc. Dis. 15, 369 (1973)Google Scholar
  102. Berndt, T. B., Hancock, W. E., Shumway, N. E., Harrison, D. C.: Aortic valve replacement with and without coronary artery bypass surgery. Circulation 50, 967 (1974)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  103. Berndt, T. B., Zarnstorff, W. C., Young, W. P., Rowe, G. G.: Aortic root size in aortic valve disease. Its measurement and significance. Amer. J. Cardiol. 29, 809 (1972)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  104. Bernhard, A., Magakis, G., Krug, Ä., Fischer, K.: Ergebnisse nach Aortenklappenersatz. Münch. Med. Wschr. 115754 (1973)Google Scholar
  105. Bernhard, A., Nieermayer, W., Nordmann, K. J., Schaefer, J., Schwarzkopf, H. J., Sedlbieyer,: Cinekardiographie und Morphologie: Vergleich der Befunde bei Mitralklappenstenose. Verh. dtsch. Ges. Kreisl.-Forsch. 86, 244 (1970)Google Scholar
  106. Bernhard, A., Schäfer, J., Niedermeyer, W., Schwarzkopf, H. J., Krug, A., Nordmann, K. J., Sedlmeyer, I., Fischer, K., Thiede, A.: Indikation zur geschlossenen und offenen Korrektur der Mitralklappenstenose. Thoraxchirurgie 19, 205 (1971)Google Scholar
  107. Bernhard, A., Thiede, A., Müller-Hermelink, H. K., Krug, A., Fischer, K., Yankah, A. C.: Mitral valve replacement with autologous fascia lata. Results of morphologic examinations. J. thorac. cardiovasc. Surg. 65, 94 (1973)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  108. Bernsmeier, A.: Die koronare Blutversorgung bei den Klappeninsuffizienzen des linken Herzens. Verh. dtsch. Ges. Kreisl.-Forsch. 81, 51 (1965)Google Scholar
  109. Bernsmeier, A., Niedermayer, W., Nordmann, K. J., Schaefer, J., Schwarzkopf, H. J.: Vergleichende Untersuchungen über die Einschränkung der Klappenfunktion und Veränderungen der Haemodynamik bei der Mitralstenose. Klin. Wschr. 48, 607 (1970)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  110. Bernutu, G. von, Tsakiris, A. G., Wood, E. H.: Quantitation of experimental aortic regurgitation by roentgen videodensitometry. Amer. J. Cardiol. 31, 265 (1973)Google Scholar
  111. Bertin, R. I. A.: Treatise on the disease of the heart and great vessels. Philadelphia 1833Google Scholar
  112. Beuren, A. J.: Angeborene Herzklappeninsuffizienz. Verh. dtsch. Ges. Kreisl.-Forsch. 31, 60 (1965)Google Scholar
  113. Beverungen, W., Düx, A.: Koronarsklerose bei erworbenen Herzfehlern. Fortschr. Röntgenstr. 105, 605 (1966)Google Scholar
  114. Beyer, A.: Die Bewegungsunschärfe intrakardialer Verkalkungen im Schichtbild als diagnostisches Hilfsmittel. Fortschr. Röntgenstr. 101, 13 (1964)Google Scholar
  115. Beyer, A., Richter, K.: Probleme der Röntgendiagnostik bei Pulmonalklappeninsuffizienz. Fortschr. Röntgenstr. 101, 13 (1964)Google Scholar
  116. Beyer, J., Brunner, L., Klinnert, W.: Chirurgische Therapie und Ergebnisse bei erworbenen Tricuspi- dalfehlern. Thoraxchir. Suppl. 24/1, 4 (1976)Google Scholar
  117. Bigelow, J. C., Herr, R. H., Wood, J. A., Starr, A.: Multiple valve replacement. Review of five years experience. Circulation 38, 656 (1968)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  118. Binet, J. P., Duran, C. G., Carpenter, A, Langlois, J.: Heterologous aortic valve transplantation. Lancet 1965II, 1275Google Scholar
  119. Bing, R. J., Bennisii, A., Bluemchen, G., Cohen, A., Gallagher, A., Zaleski, E. J.: The determination of coronary flow equivalent with coincidence counting technique. Circulation 29, 833 (1964)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  120. Bircks, W.: Secondary operations for mitral insufficiency following surgery for mitral stenosis. J. cardiovase. Surg. 8, 457 (1967)Google Scholar
  121. Bircks, W.: Operative Behandlung erworbener Herzklappenfehler. Dtsch. Röntgenkongr. 52, 14 (1971)Google Scholar
  122. Bircks, W.: Erworbene Herzklappenfehler: Operative Möglichkeiten. Therapiewoche 23, 24 (1973)Google Scholar
  123. Bircks, W., Bostroem, B., Gleichmann, U., Kreuzer, H., Loogen, F.: Electromagnetic measurements of flow through the aorta ascendens to judge the results of operation for aortic defects. Proceedings Vlth cardiosurgical conference Bra- tislawa-Smolenic 1967Google Scholar
  124. Bircks, W., Gleichmann, U., Loogen, F.: Mitralinsuffizienz durch stumpfes Thoraxtrauma. Z. Kreisl.-Forsch. 55, 689 (1966)Google Scholar
  125. Bircks, W., Krian, A., Meyer, J., Schulte, H. D., Tokutsu, S., Both, A., Hearten, K.: Zur chirurgischen Behandlung der erworbenen Tri- kuspidalklappeninsuff izienz - Klappenersatz oder Anuloraphie ? Thoraxchir. 24, 286–290 (1976)Google Scholar
  126. Bircks, W., Loogen, F.: Indikation zum Aortenklappenersatz im Licht der Operationsergebnisse. Langenbecks Arch. klin. Chir. 316, 819 (1966)Google Scholar
  127. Bittar, N., Sosa, J. A., Reid, E. A. S.: Left ventricular function during exercise in patients with pure mitral stenosis. Acta cardiol. (Brüx.) 26, 581 (1971)Google Scholar
  128. Bittar, N., Sosa, J. A.: Functional anatomy of the stenotic mitral valve. Brit. J. Radiol. 45, 207 (1972)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  129. Björck, G., Axen, O., Thorson, A.: Unusual cyanosis in a boy with congenital pulmonary stenosis and tricuspid insufficiency: Fatal outcome after angiocardiography. Amer. Heart J. 44, 143 (1952)Google Scholar
  130. Björk, L., Cullhed, I.: Coronary arteriography in valvular heart disease. Acta med. scand. 185, 531 (1969)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  131. Björk, L., Lodin, H.: Left heart catheterization with selective atrial and ventricular angiography in diagnosis of mitral and aortic valve disease. Progr. cardiovasc. Dis. 2, 116 (1959)Google Scholar
  132. Björk, V.O.: Traumatic rupture of the tricuspid valves. Thoraxchirurgie 12, 368 (1965)Google Scholar
  133. Björk, V. O., Cullhed, J.: Functional results with aortic ball valve prostheses (Starr-Edwards) followed for two to three years. Thorax 22, 21 (1967)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  134. Björk, V. O., Lodin, H.: Left heart catheterization with selective left atrial and ventricular angiocardiography in diagnosis of mitral and aortic valvular disease. Progr. cardiovasc. Dis. 2, 116 (1959)Google Scholar
  135. Björk, V.O., Lodin, H.: Value of simultaneous tomography in demonstrating calcifications of the cardiac valves. Acta radiol. (Stockh.) 1, 29 (1963)Google Scholar
  136. Björk, V. O., Lodin, H., Malers, E.: The evaluation of the degree of mitral insufficiency by selective left ventricular angiocardiography. Amer. Heart J. 60, 691 (1960)Google Scholar
  137. Björk, V. O., Malers, E.: Traumatic mitral insufficiency following transventricular dilatation for mitral stenosis. J. thorac. cardiovasc. Surg. 46, 84 (1963)Google Scholar
  138. Björk, V. O., Henze, A., Jereb, M.: Aortographic followup in patients with the Björk-Shiley aortic disc valve prosthesis. Scand. J. thorc. cardiovasc. Surg. 7, 1 (1973)Google Scholar
  139. Bjure, J., Llander, B., Widinsky, J.: Effect of exercise on distribution of pulmonary blood flow in patients with mitral stenosis. Brit. Heart J. 33, 438 (1971)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  140. Blailock, Z. R., Rabin, E. R., Melnick, J. L.: Adenovirus endocarditis in mice. Science 157, 69 (1967)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  141. Bland, E. F., Jones, T. D.: Rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease. Circulation 4, 836 (1951)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  142. Bland, E. F., Wheeler, E. O.: Severe aortic regurgitation in young people: a long term perspective with reference to prognosis and prosthesis. New Engl. J. Med. 256, 667 (1957)Google Scholar
  143. Blömer, H.: Auskultation des Herzens und ihre hämodynamischen Grundlagen. München: Urban & Schwarzenberg 1969Google Scholar
  144. lömer, H., Harlacher, A., So, C. S., Kolb, P., Kiefhaber, F.: Früh- und Spätergebnisse nach Mitralkommissurotomie. Bericht über 375 Operationsfälle. Münch, med. Wschr. 111, 1722 (1969)Google Scholar
  145. Blömer, H., Klinner, W., Kolb, P.: Der Mitralöffnungston bei der Mitralinsuffizienz. Z. Kreisl.- Forsch. 50, 888 (1961)Google Scholar
  146. Blömer, H., Rudolph, W.: Das klinische Bild der Trieuspidalstenose. Münch, med. Wschr. 101, 495 (1959)Google Scholar
  147. Blömer, H., Delius, W., Sebening, H.: Natürlicher Verlauf bei Patienten mit Mitral- und Aortenklappenfehlern Z. Kardiol. 66, 159—169 (1977)Google Scholar
  148. Blond eau, M., Maurice, P., Lenègre, J.: Histoire naturelle du rétrécissement aortique calcifié non opéré. Arch. Mal. Coeur 62, 1685 (1969)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  149. Bloomfield, R. A., Lauson, H. D., Cournand, A., Breed, E. S., Richards, W. D.: Recording of right heart pressures in normal subjects and in patients with chronic pulmonary disease and various types of cardiocirculatory disease. J. clin. Invest. 25, 639 (1946)Google Scholar
  150. Blount, S. G., McCord, M. C., Mueller, H., Swan, H.: Isolated valvular pulmonic stenosis. Clinical and physiologic response to open valvuloplasty. Circulation 10, 161 (1954)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  151. Blumenberger, K.: Untersuchung der Dynamik des Herzens beim Menschen. Ergebn. inn. Med. Kin- derheilk. 62, 424 (1942)Google Scholar
  152. Blumenberger, K. J.: Die Herzdynamik bei erworbenen Klappenfehlern. Verh. dtsch. Ges. Kreisl.- Forschg. 20, 43 (1954)Google Scholar
  153. Bogren, H. G., Picukaric, D., Carlsson, E.: Diagnosis of tricuspid and pulmonary valve insufficiency by cineangiocardiography. Act. radiol. Diagn. 12, 497 (1972)Google Scholar
  154. Bolooki, H., Kaiser, G.: Significance of cardiac function in surgical management of patients with valvular heart disease. Amer. J.Cardiol. 37,319 (1976)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  155. Bolt, W., Forssmann, W., Rink, H.: Selektive Lungenangiographie. Stuttgart: Thieme 1957Google Scholar
  156. Bolt, W., Knipping, H. W., Ludes, H.: Zur präoperativen Herzdiagnostik unter Berücksichtigung der Möglichkeiten der Isotopenchemie. Verh. dtsch. Ges. Kreisl.-Forsch. 20, 102 (1954)Google Scholar
  157. Bonchek, L. I., Anderson, R. P., Rösch, J.: Should coronary arteriography be performed routinely before valve replacement? Amer. J. Cardiol. 31, 462 (1973a)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  158. Bonchek, L. I., Dobbs, J. L., Matar, A. F., Chap- pel, P., Starr, A.: Roentgenographic identification of Starr-Edwards prostheses. Circulation 47, 154 (1973b)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  159. Bonchek, L. I., Starr, A.: Ball valve prostheses: Current appraisal of late results. Amer. J. Cardiol. 35, 843 (1975)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  160. Bonner, A. J., Sacks, H. N., Tavel, M. E.: Assessing the severity of aortic stenosis by phonocardiography and external carotid pulse recordings. Circulation 48, 247 (1973)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  161. Borman, J. B., Merin, G., Romanoff, H., Mil- widsky, H.: Early open mitral valve surgery following arterial embolism. Thorax 25, 325 (1970)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  162. Boros, J. von: Die Diagnose der Trieuspidalklappen- fehler. Z. Kreisl.-Forsch. 35, 277 (1943)Google Scholar
  163. Bory, M., Serradimigni, A., Poggi, L., Pinas, E., Audier, M.: Quelques réflexions à propos du jugulogramme. Arch. Mal. Coeur 60, 1231 (1967)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  164. Bostroem, B., Bircks, W., Kreuzer, H.: Elektromagnetische Durchflußmessungen der Aorta as- cendens vor und nach Klappenersatzoperationen. Verh. dtsch. Ges. Kreisl.-Forsch. 36, 80 (1970)Google Scholar
  165. Both, A., Haeten, K, Loogen, F, Lück, J, Opherk, D, Rafflenbeul, D, Krian, A.: Untersuchungen über den Einfluß des prothetischen Mitral- klappenersatzes auf die Hämodynamik des kleinen Kreislaufs. Verh. dtsch. Ges. Kreisl.-Forsch. 41, 361 (1975).Google Scholar
  166. Böttcher, D., Corsini, G., Cowan, C., Bing, R. J.: Myocardiale Clearance für Rubidium-84 als Maß der Herzdurchblutung. Z. Kreisl.-Forsch. 58,706 (1969)Google Scholar
  167. Bouchard, F., Bical, R.: Applications des courbes de dilution de colorant à l’exploration de la valve tricuspide. Arch. Mal. Coeur 62, 1493 (1969)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  168. Bousvaros, G. A., Stubington, D.: Some ausculta- tory and phonocardiographic features of tricuspid stenosis. Circulation 29, 26 (1964)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  169. Bouvrain, Y., Grèze, M., Lévéque, D.: Les insuffisances mitrales non rheumatismales. Ann. Cardiol. Angéiol. 23, 53 (1974)Google Scholar
  170. Bowers, D.: Pathogenesis of primary abnormalities of the mitral valve in Marfans syndrome. Brit. Heart J. 31, 679 (1969)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  171. Bowles, L. T., Hallmann, G. L., Cooley, D. A.: Open-heart surgery on the elderly: results in 54 patients fifty years of age or older. Circulation 33, 540 (1966)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  172. Boyed, A.D., Engelman, R.M., Isom, O.W., Reed, E., Spencer, F. C.: Tricuspid annuloplasty: five and one-half years’ experience with 78 patients. J. thorac. cardiovasc. Surg. 68, 344 (1974)Google Scholar
  173. Brahms, O., Kleinesorg, H., Kochsiek, K., Voth,: Zur röntgenologischen Beurteilung der pulmonalen Hypertonie bei Mitralvitien. Klin. Wschr. 42, 1005 (1964)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  174. Bramwell, J., Gale, D. M., Pococh, W. A.: The results of mitral valvotomy in patients over the age of fifty years. S. Afr. med. J. 44, 1053 (1970)Google Scholar
  175. Bran, M., Denolin, H.: Les indications opératoires dans l’insuffisance mitrale d’origine rheumatis- male. Ann. Cardiol. Angéiol. 23, 61 (1974)Google Scholar
  176. Brandenburg, R. O., McGoon, D. C., Compeau L., Giuliani, E. R.: Traumatic rupture of the chordae tendineae of the tricuspid valve. Amer. J. Cardiol. 18, 911 (1966)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  177. Brandt, P. W., Roche, A. H., Barrattaaboyes, B. G., Lowe, J. B.: Radiology of homograft aortic valves. Thorax 24, 129 (1969)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  178. Brandy, G. E., Vogel, J. H.: Progressive congenital valvular aortic stenosis. Chest 60, 189 (1971)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  179. Braun Wald, E.: Pathologic physiology of valvular regurgitation. Verh. dtsch. Ges. Kreisl.-Forsch. 31, 36 (1965)Google Scholar
  180. Braunwald, E., Awe, W. C.: Syndrome of severe mitral regurgitation with normal left atrial pressure. Circulation 27, 29 (1963)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  181. Braunwald, E., Goldblatt, A., Aygen, M. M., Rockoff, S. D., Morrow, A. G.: Congenital aortic stenosis. I. Clinical and hemodynamic findings in 100 patients. Circulation 27, 426 (1963)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  182. Braverman, I. B., Gibson, S. T.: The outlook for children with congenital aortic stenosis. Amer. Heart J. 53, 487 (1957)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  183. Brawley, R. K., Donahoo, J. S., Gott, V. L.: Current status of the Beall, Bjorck-Shiley, Braun- wald-Cutter, Lillehei-Kaster and Smeloff-Cutter cardiac valve prostheses. Amer. J. Cardiol. 85, 855 (1975)Google Scholar
  184. Brawley, R. K., Morrow, A. G.: Direct determinations of aortic blood flow in patients with aortic regurgitation. Circulation 85, 32 (1967)Google Scholar
  185. Brawley, R. K., Oldham, H. N., Vasko, J. S., Henny, R. P., Morrow, A. G.: Influence of right atrial pressure pulse on instantaneous vena caval blood flow. Amer. J. Physiol. 211, 347 (1966)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  186. Breckenridge, I. M., Singh, M. P., Bentall, H. H., Cleland, W. P.: Fascia lata aortic valve reconstruction: Long term results in 33 patients. Thorax 26, 388 (1971)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  187. Breyer, R. H., McClenathan, J. M., Michaelis, L. L., McIntosh, C. L., Morrow, A. G.: Tricuspid regurgitation. A comparison of nonoperative management, tricuspid annuloplasty, and tricuspid valve replacement.J. thorac. cardiovasc. Surg. 72, 867—870 (1976)Google Scholar
  188. Brigden, W., Leatham, A.: Mitral incompetence. Brit. Heart J. 15, 55 (1953)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  189. Bristow, J. D., McCord, C. W., Starr, A., Ritz- mann, L. W., Griswold, H. E.: Clinical and hemodynamic results of aortic valve replacement with a ball-valve prosthesis. Circulation Suppl. 29/1; 36 (1964)Google Scholar
  190. Broadbent, W. H.: Mitral stenosis. Amer. J. med. Sci. 91, 57 (1886)Google Scholar
  191. Brofman, B. L.: Right auriculoventricular pressure gradients with special reference to tricuspid stenosis. J. Lab. clin. Med. 42, 789 (1953)Google Scholar
  192. Brown, A. H., Braimbridge, M. V.: Spurious tricuspid regurgitation. Thorax 28, 495 (1973)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  193. Brown, D. F.: Decreased intensity of closure sound in a normally functioning Starr-Edwards mitral valve prosthesis. Amer. J. Cardiol. 81, 93 (1973)Google Scholar
  194. Brun, Ph., Geschwind, H., Pepin, J. F., Lardani, H.: Etude cinéangiographique de l’insuffisance aortique. Arch. Mal. Coeur 59, 1496 (1966)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  195. Bruwer, A. F., Ellis, F. H., Kirklin, J. W.: Costo- phrenic septal lines im pulmonary venous hypertension. Circulation 12, 807 (1955)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  196. Bryant, L. R., Trinkle, J. K.: Mitral valvotomy in the valve replacement area. Ann. Surg. 173, 1024 (1971)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  197. Buchbinder, N. A., Roberts, W. C.: Left-sided valvular active infective endocarditis. A study of forty-five necropsy patients. Amer. J. Med. 53, 20 (1972)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  198. Burch, G. E., Colcolough, H. L.: Viral valvulitis. Amer. Heart J. 78, 119 (1969)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  199. Burch, G. E., Gibs, T. D.: The role of viruses in the production of heart disease. Amer. J. Cardiol. 29231 (1972)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  200. Burch, G. E., Giles, T. D., Colcolough, H. L.: Pathogenesis of “rheumatic” heart disease. Critique and theory. Amer. Heart J. 80, 556 (1970)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  201. Burch, G. E., DePasquale, N. P., Phillips, J. H.: Clinical manifestations of papillary muscle dysfunction. Arch, intern. Med. 112, 122 (1963)Google Scholar
  202. Burke, G., Halko, A., Goldberg, D.: Dynamic clinical studies with radioisotopes and the sein- tilation camera: IY. 99rnTc-sodium pertechnetate cardiac blood-flow studies. J. nucl. Med. 10, 270 (1969)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  203. Burke, G., Halko, A., Peskin, G.: Determination of cardiac output by radioisotope angiography and the image-intensifier scintillation camera. J. nucl. Med. 12, 112 (1971)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  204. Bürsch, J., Simon, R.: Methodisch einfache Quantifizierung von Herzklappeninsuffizienzen durch videodensitometrische Kontrastmittel-Mengenmessung. Yerh. dtsch. Ges. Kreisl.-Forsch. 38, 317 (1972)Google Scholar
  205. Butter, U., Jatsch, A., Scheteling, E.: Möglichkeiten und Grenzen der kardiologischen Röntgendiagnostik mit einfachen Methoden bei Mitral- und Rezirkulationsvitien. Radiol. Diagn. (Berlin) 7, 335 (1966)Google Scholar
  206. Buttler, R., Schmidt-Habelmann, P., Sebening, F.: Mitralklappenersatz im Kindesalter. Münch, med. Wschr. 115, 302 (1973)Google Scholar
  207. Cabot, R. C.: Facts on the heart. Philadelphia: Saunders 1926Google Scholar
  208. Cachera, J. P., Drouin, B., Carpentier, A., Wit- chitz, S., Dubost, C.: Trois cas d’endocardite trieuspidienne à staphylocoque traitée par remplacement valvulaire prosthétique. Arch. Mal. Coeur 65, 515 (1972)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  209. C ahill, N. S., Beller, B. M., Linhart, J. W., Early, R. G.: Isolated traumatic tricuspid regurgitation: Prolonged survival without operative intervention. Chest 61, 689 (1972)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  210. Cairns, K. B., Kloster, F. E., Bristow, J. D., Lees, M. H., Griswold, H. E.: Problems in the hemodynamic diagnosis of tricuspid insufficiency. Amer. Heart J. 75, 173 (1968)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  211. Calatayud, J. B., Saunders, J. L., Schulz, K. J., Maranhao, V., Goldberg, H.: P wave changes after open heart mitral commissurotomy for isolated mitral stenosis. Angiology 19, 238 (1968)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  212. Calazel, P., Gerard, R., Dalay, R., Draper, A., Foster, J., Bing, R. J.: Physiological studies in congenital heart disease. XI. A comparison of the right and left auricular capillary and pulmonary artery pressures in nine patients with auricular septal defect. Bull. Johns Hopkins Hosp. 88, 20 (1951)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  213. Calderon, J.: Cineangiographic diagnosis of aortic insufficiency. Angiology 18, 723 (1967)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  214. Calkins, R. A.: Cerebral embolism. Review and current perspectives. Arch, intern. Med. 130, 430 (1972)Google Scholar
  215. Campbell, M., Kauntze, p.: Congenital aortic valvular stenosis. Brit. Heart J. 15, 179 (1953)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  216. Campione, K. M., Steiner, S. H.: Analysis of precordial isotope dilution curves obtained after an- tecubital and intracardiac injection. J. nucl. Med. 9, 630 (1968)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  217. Carey, J. S., Plested, W. G.: Immediate hemodynamic response to correction of cardiac valvular lesion. Ann. thorac. Surg. 13, 311 (1972)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  218. Carlson, E., Hartmann jr, A. F., Kissane, M.: Ventricular septal defect with prolapsed aortic valve and outflow tract obstruction. Acta radiol. Diagn. 3, 554 (1965)Google Scholar
  219. Carmichael, J. H. E., Julian, D. G., Jones, G. P., Wren, E. M.: Radiological signs in pulmonary hypertension. The significance of lines B of Ker- ley. Brit. J. Radiol. 27, 393 (1954)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  220. Carpentier, A., Deloche, A., Dauptain, J., Soyer, R., Blondeau, P., Piwnica, A., Dubost, C.: A new reconstructive operation for correction of mitral and tricuspid insufficiency. J. thorac. cardiovasc. surg. 61, 1 (1971)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  221. Carpentier, A., Deloche, A., Hanania, G., Forman J., Sellier, P., Piwnica, A., Dubost, C.: Surgical management of acquired tricuspid valve disease J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg. 67, 53 (1974)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  222. Carter, M. G., Wilson, G. L., Dock, D. S.:. Correction of mitral stenosis and insuffiziency using cardiopulmonary bypass. Circulation 24, 901 (1961)Google Scholar
  223. Castellanos, A., Hernandez, F. A.: Angiocardiographic determination of the size of the left ventricular cavity in congenital aortic disease. Amer. J. Roentgenol. 100, 299 (1967)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  224. Caves, P. K., Paneth, M.: Acute mitral regurgitation in pregnancy due to ruptured chordae ten- dineae. Brit. Heart J. 84, 541 (1972)Google Scholar
  225. Caves, P. K., Sutton, G. C., Panetii, M.: Non- rheumatic subvalvular mitral regurgitation. Etiology and clinical aspects. Circulation 47, 1242 (1973)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  226. Cellerino, A, Andreone, A, Gaetini, A.: Blood distribution through the lungs before and after mitral comissurotomy: A quantitative assessment by 181I. J. cardiovasc. Surg. (Torino) 12, 66 (1971)Google Scholar
  227. Chaillet, J. L.: Cineradiography of cardiac valves in man. Utrecht: van der Horst 1965Google Scholar
  228. Chait, A.: Interstitial pulmonary edema. Circulation 45, 1323 (1972)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  229. Chang, C. H.: The value of the lateral chest roentgenogram in the diagnosis of pulmonary venous hypertension. Radiology 92, 117 (1969)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  230. Chasnoff, J., Silver, A.: The coexistence of rheumatic and arteriosklerotic heart disease in patients over the age of 40 years. Amer. Heart J. 42, 809 (1951)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  231. Chen, J. T. T., Behar, V. S., Morris, J. J., Mc- Intosh, H. D., Lester, R. G.: Correlation of roentgen findings with hemodynamic data in pure mitral stenosis. Amer. J. Roentgenol. 102, 280 (1968)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  232. Cheng, T. O.: Some new observations on the syndrome of papillary muscle dysfunction. Amer. J. Med. 47, 924 (1969)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  233. Cheng, T. O.: Late systolic murmur in coronary artery disease. Chest 61, 643 (1972)Google Scholar
  234. Cheng, T. O., Bashour, T., Adkins, P. C.: Acute severe mitral regurgitation from papillary muscle dysfunction in acute myocardial infarction. Successful early surgical treatment by combined mitral valve replacement and aortocoronary saphenous vein bypass graft. Circulation 46, 491 (1972)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  235. Chesterman, J. T., Whitaker, W.: Mitral and tricuspid valvulotomy for mitral and tricuspid stenosis. Amer. Heart J. 48, 631 (1954)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  236. Childress, R. H., Maroon, J. C., Genovese, P. D.: Mitral insufficiency secondary to ruptured chordae tendineae. Ann. intern. Med. 65, 232 (1966)Google Scholar
  237. Chepps, H. D.: Aneurysm of the sinus of Valsalva, causing coronary occlusion. Arch. Path. 31, 627 (1941)Google Scholar
  238. Christides, C., Cabrol, C and A, Guiraudon, G, Mattei, M. F, Luciani, J, Leon, L, Llort, M.: Réinterventions mitrales après échec d’annulo- plasties. Causes et résultats. Arch. Mal. Cœur 65, 953 (1972)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  239. Clark, W. S., Kulka, J. P., Bauer, W.: Rheumatoid aortitis with aortic regurgitation. An unusual manifestation of rheumatoid arthritis (including spondylitis). Amer. J. Med. 22, 580 (1957)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  240. Clarke, M.: Calcific tricuspid incompetence in childhood. Brit. Heart J. 34, 859 (1972)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  241. Clawson, B. J.: Rheumatic heart disease. Analysis of 796 cases. Amer. Heart J. 20, 454 (1940)Google Scholar
  242. Clawson, B. J.: Relation of the “Anitschkow myocyte” to rheumatic inflammation. Arch. Path. 32, 760 (1941)Google Scholar
  243. Clawson, B. J., Bell, E. T., Hartzell, T. B.: Valvular disease of the heart with special reference to the pathogenesis of old valvular defects. Amer. J. Pathol. 2, 193 (1926)Google Scholar
  244. Clawson, B. J., Noble, J. F., Lufkin, N. H.: The calcified nodular deformity of the aortic valve. Amer. Heart J. 15, 58 (1938)Google Scholar
  245. Clements, A. B.: Isolated tricuspid stenosis of probable rheumatic origin. Amer. J. med. Sci. 190, 389 (1935)Google Scholar
  246. Cobbs, B. W.: Clinical recognition and medical management of rheumatic heart disease and other acquired valvular disease. In: The Heart (J. W. Hurst, R. B. Logue, Eds.). New York: McGraw- Hill 1970 S. 773Google Scholar
  247. Coblentz, B., Dubost, Ch., Lenégre, I.: Rétrécissement mitral et rétrécissement tricuspidien traités avec succès par duble commissurotomie. Arch. Mal Cœur 48, 648 (1955)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  248. Coelho, E.: Physiopathologic study (clinical and experimental) of the tricuspid valve. Amer. J. Cardiol. 3, 517 (1959)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  249. Coelhoe, E., Amram, S., Vagueiro, M. C., Luis, A. S., Maltez, J., Tovares, V. S.: Deterioration after mitral commissurotomy and restenosis. Cardiología (Basel) 49, 79 (1966)Google Scholar
  250. Cohen, L. S., Mason, D. T., Braunwald, E.: Significance of atrial gallop sound in mitral regurgitation. A clue to the diagnosis of ruptured chordae tendineae. Circulation 35, 112 (1967)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  251. Cohn, K. E., Hultgren, H. N.: The Graham-Steell murmur re-evaluated. New Engl. J. Med. 274, 486 (1966)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  252. Cohn, L. H., Mason, D. T., Ross, J., Morrow, A. G., Braunwald, E.: Preoperative assessment of aortic regurgitation in patients with mitral valve disease. Amer. J. Cardiol. 19, 177 (1967)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  253. Colapinto, R. F., Thortinnson, P. C., Holmes, R. B.: Aortic insufficiency, a cineradiologic assessment. J. Cand. Ass. Radiol. 13, 112 (1962)Google Scholar
  254. Coleman, E. H., Soloff, L. A.: Incidence of significant coronary artery disease in rheumatic valvular heart disease. Amer. J. Cardiol. 25, 401 (1970)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  255. Collins, N. P., Braunwald, E., Morrow, A. G.: Detection of pulmonic and tricuspid valvular regurgitation by means of indicator solution. Circulation 20, 561 (1959)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  256. Collins, N. P., Braunwald, E., Morrow, A. G.: Isolated congenital pulmonic valvular regurgita- tion. Diagnosis by cardiac catheterization and angiocardiography. Amer. J. Med. 28, 159 (1960)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  257. Colman, A. L.: Isolated tricuspid valvular stenosis. Amer. J. Cardiol. 26, 443 (1970)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  258. Colvez, O., Alhomme, P., Samson, M., Guedon, J.: La pression de remplissage du ventricule gauche dans les grandes insuffisances aortiques: Ses relations avec l’allongement de la conduction auri- culo-ventriculaire. Arch. Mal. Cœur 52, 1369 (1959)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  259. Conn, H. L., Heiman, D. R., Blakemore, W. S., Kuo, P. T., Langfried, S. B.: “Left heart” radiopotassium dilution curves in patients with rheumatic valvular disease. Circulation 15, 523 (1957).Google Scholar
  260. Cooke, W. T., White, P. D.: Tricuspid stenosis with particular reference to diagnosis and prognosis. Brit. Heart J. 3, 147 (1941)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  261. Corrigan, D. J.: Inquiry into the causes of bruit de soufflet and frémissement cataire. Lancet 1828–1829 II, 1, 33Google Scholar
  262. Corrigan, D. J.: On permanent of the mouth of the aorta, or inadequacy of the aortic valve. Edinb. med. J. 37, 225 (1832)Google Scholar
  263. Corvisart, J. N.: Essai sur les maladies et les lésions organiques du cœur et des gros vaisseaux. Paris: Migneret 1806Google Scholar
  264. Cosby, R. S., Hedge, B., Amsden, N., Mayo, M.: A critical review of aortic stenosis. Amer. J. Cardiol. 9, 203 (1962)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  265. Cosh, J., Gates, J. E., Pugh, D. W.: Carcinoid heart disease. Brit. Heart J. 21, 369 (1959)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  266. Cottin, E., Saloz, C.: Un cas de rétrécissement tri- cuspidien. Arch. Mal. Cœur 11, 481 (1920)Google Scholar
  267. Coulshed, N., Epstein, E. J., McKendrick, C. S., Galloway, R. W., Walker, E.: Systemic embolism in mitral valve disease. Brit. Heart J. 32, 26Google Scholar
  268. Cowper, W.: Zit. n. Willius u. Keys, Cardiac Classics. Trans. No. 299, p. 1970, Phil. Trans. Royal Soc. London 5, 215, 1703 (1809)Google Scholar
  269. Cox, W. A., Fisher, G. W.: The place of closed commissurotomy in the treatment of rheumatic mitral stenosis. Ann. thorac. Surg. 6, 253 (1968)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  270. Craige, E.: Phonocardiography studies in mitral stenosis. New Engl. J. Med. 257, 650 (1957)Google Scholar
  271. Craige, E., Hijtchin, P., Sutton, R.: Impaired function of cloth-covered Starr-Edwards mitral valve prosthesis: Detection by phonocardiography. Circulation 41, 141 (1970)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  272. Craige, E., Mill ward, D. K.: Diastolic and continuous murmurs. Radiobiol. Radiother. 14, 38 (1971)Google Scholar
  273. Criley, J. M., Feldman, I. A., Meredith, T.: Mitral valve closure and the crescendo presystolic murmur. Amer. J. Med. 51, 456 (1971)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  274. Criley, J. M., Hermer, A. J.: The crescendo presystolic murmur of mitral stenosis with atrial fibrillation. New Engl. J. Med. 285, 1284 (1971)Google Scholar
  275. Criley, J. M., Lewis, K. B., Humphries, J. O., Ross, R. S.: Prolapse of the mitral valve: clinical and cineangiocardiographic findings. Brit. Heart J. 28, 488 (1966)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  276. Croxson, M. S., O’Brien, K. P., Lows, J. B.: Traumatic tricuspid regurgitation. Long-term survival. Brit. Heart J. 33, 750 (1971)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  277. Csonka, G. W., Litchfield, J. W., Oates, J. K., Wellcox, R. R.: Cardiac lesions in Reiters disease. Brit. med. J. 1961 I, 243Google Scholar
  278. Curry, G. C., Elliott, L. P., Ramsey, H. W.: Quantitative left ventricular angiocardiographic findings in mitral stenosis. Detailed analysis of the anterolateral wall of the left ventricle. Amer. J. Cardiol. 29, 621 (1972)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  279. Dahl, J. C., Winchell, P., Borden, C. W.: Mitral stenosis. A long term postoperative follow-up. Arch, intern. Med. 119, 92 (1967)Google Scholar
  280. Daley, R., Mattingly, T. W., Holt, C. L., Bland, E. F., White, P. D.: Systemic arterial embolism in rheumatic heart disease. Amer. Heart J. 42, 566 (1951)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  281. Daley, R, McMillan, I. K. R, Gorlin, R.: Mitral incompetence in experimental auricular fibrillation. Lancet 1955/II, 18Google Scholar
  282. Dauphin, G., Dauphin, M.: Insuffisance aortique traumatique. Arch. Mal. Cœur 58, 525 (1965)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  283. Davies, G. M.: Systemic hypertension and rheumatic mitral valve disease. Brit. J. Dis. Chest. 60, 148 (1966)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  284. Davies, J. P. H.: A simple phonocardiographic formula for predicting atrial pressure in mitral stenosis. Brit. Heart J. 29, 843 (1967)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  285. Davies, L. G., Goodwin, J. F., Steiner, R. E., v. Leuven, B. D.: The clinical and radiological assessment of the pulmonary arterial pressure in mitral stenosis. Brit. Heart J. 15, 393 (1963)Google Scholar
  286. Davies, P., Bucky, N. L.: Tomography of calcified aortic and mitral valves. Brit. Heart J. 21, 17 (1959)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  287. Davies, R. H., Schuster, B., Knoebel, S. B., Fisch, C.: Myxomatous degeneration of the mitral valve. Amer. J. Cardiol. 28, 449 (1971)Google Scholar
  288. Davila, J. C.: Hemodynamics of mitral insufficiency: Observations from clinical and experimental surgery. Amer. J. Cardiol. 2, 135 (1958)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  289. Davis, J. M., Moss, A. J., Schenk, E. A.: Tricuspid Candida endocarditis complicating a permanently implanted transvenous pacemaker. Amer. Heart J. 77, 818 (1969)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  290. DeBusk, R. F., Kleiger, R. E., Ebnother, C. L., Daily, P. O., Harrison, D. C.: Successful early operation for papillary muscle rupture. Chest 58, 175 (1970)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  291. Decker, A., Black, H., v Lichtenberg, F.: Mitral valve restenosis. A pathological study. J. thorac. cardiovasc. Surg. 55, 434 (1968)Google Scholar
  292. Degenring, F. H.: Linksventrikuläre Herzmuskeldynamik und Kontraktilität bei reiner valvulärer Aorteninsuffizienz verschiedener Schweregrade. Untersuchungen an 16 Patienten und ein Vergleich mit 4 Patienten ohne Aortenvitium und Hypertonie. Arch. Kreisl.-Forsch. 64, 215 (1971)Google Scholar
  293. Degenring, F. H., Walther, H., Radeck, R.: Dynamik und Kontraktilität der hypertrophierten links ventrikulären Muskulatur bei reinen valvulären Aortenstenosen verschiedener Schweregrade. Vergleichende Untersuchungen an insgesamt 20 Patienten. Arch. Kreisl.-Forsch. 64, 225 (1971)Google Scholar
  294. Degeorges, M.: Diagnostic des insuffisances mitrales. Ann. Cardiol. Angéiol. 23, 35 (1974)Google Scholar
  295. Degeorges, M., Calisti, G.: Les thromboses auriculaires gauches des valvulopathies mitrales. Signes clinques et radiologiques relevés sur 292 observations. Sem. Hôp. Paris 47, 2941 (1971)Google Scholar
  296. Degeorges, M., Caramanian, M.: Nosologie et étio- logie des rétrécissements aortiques calcifiés. Sem. Hôp. Paris 44, 3298 (1968)Google Scholar
  297. Dekker, A., Blach, H., v. Lichtenberg, F.: Mitral valve restenosis. J. thorac. cardiovasc. Surg. 55, 434 (1968)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  298. Delzant, J. F., Forman, J., Machado, G., Calisti,: Insuffisance trieuspidienne fonctionnelle et organique. A propos de 60 cas étudies par eathé- terisme et phonocardiographie intracavitaire. Arch. Mal. Cœur 60, 305 (1968)Google Scholar
  299. Demany, M. A., Kay, E. B., Zimmerman, H. A.: An angiographie sign for the evaluation of the stenotic mitral valve. Amer. J. Cardiol. 18, 843 (1966)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  300. Demany, M. A., Zimmerman, H.A.: Thrombosis of a mitral disc-valve prosthesis: Diagnostic importance of the absent opening click. Amer. Heart J. 80, 816 (1970)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  301. Denis, B., Grubier, M., Avezou, F. C., Malzac, F., Martin-Noel, P., Michaud, P., Loire, R.: Rupture de cordage tricuspidien simulant une tumeur intra-ventriculaire droite. Arch. Mal. Cœur 68, 887 (1975)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  302. Dennis, J. L., Hansen, A. E., Corpening, T. N.: Endocardial fibroelastosis. Pediatrics 12, 140 (1953)Google Scholar
  303. Derra, E., Grosse-Brockhoff, F., Loogen, F.: Beobachtungen bei 2 operierten Kranken mit Tri- euspidalstenose. Langenbecks Arch. klin. Chir. 288, 104 (1958)Google Scholar
  304. Derra, E., Loogen, F., Vieten, H.: Schwierigkeiten der Röntgendiagnostik raumfordernder Prozesse der Yorhöfe des Herzens. Fortschr. Röntgenstr. 90, 308 (1959)Google Scholar
  305. Deutsch, E., Gmahl, E., Schachinger, H., Siedek, Wenger, H.: Die Elektrokymographie. Z. Kreisl.-Forsch. 40, 129 (1951)Google Scholar
  306. De Yega, N. G., de Rabago, G., Moreno, T., Fraile, J., Azpitarte, J.: The surgical treatment of tricuspid valve disease. Our results in 190 cases treated by an original technique. Tho- raxchir. Suppl. 24/1, 12 (1976)Google Scholar
  307. Deverall, P. B., Olley, P. M., Smith, D. R., Watson, D. A., Whitaker, W.: Incidence of systemic embolism before and after mitral valvotomie. Thorax 23, 530 (1968)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  308. Dietlen, H.: Die Röntgenuntersuchung von Herz, Gefäßen und Pericard. In: Lehrbuch der Rönt- genkunde (Rieder, Rosenthal, Hrsg.). Leipzig: Barth 1913Google Scholar
  309. Dietlen, H.: Herz und Gefäße im Röntgenbild. Leipzig: Barth 1923Google Scholar
  310. Dietlen, H.: Die Röntgenuntersuchung von Herz Gefäßen und Pericard. In: Lehrbuch der Rönt- genkunde (Rieder, Rosenthal, Hrsg.), 2. Aufl. Leipzig: Barth 1924Google Scholar
  311. Dihlmann, W.: Beitrag zur Pathogenese der Kerley- Septumlinien im Thoraxröntgenbild. Z. ges. inn. Med. 13, 562 (1958)Google Scholar
  312. Dillon, J. C., Haine, C. L., Chang, S., Feigenbaum, H.: Use of echocardiography in patients with prolapsed mitral valve. Circulation 43, 503 (1971)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  313. Dimich, I., Goldfinger, P., Steinfeld, L., Lukban, S. B.: Congenital tricuspid stenosis. Case treated by heterograft replacement of the tricuspid valve. Amer. J. Cardiol. 31, 89 (1973)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  314. Dobek, J., Tyborski, H.: Kritische Betrachtungen über die radiologische Beurteilung der pulmonalen Hypertonie bei Mitralstenose. Fortschr. Röntgenstr. 98, 409 (1963)Google Scholar
  315. Dodge, H. T., Baxley, W. A.: Left ventricular volume and mass and their significance in heart disease. Amer. J. Cardiol. 23, 528 (1969)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  316. Dodge, H. T., Sandler, H., Baxley, W. A., Haw- ley, R. R.: Usefulness and limitations of radiographic methods for determining left ventricular volumes. Amer. J. Cardiol. 18, 10 (1966)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  317. Doerr, F., Wolf, R., Brock, R., Storck, U.: Zur Beurteilung der Lungendurchblutung mit Hilfe der Lungenszintigraphie. Fortschr. Röntgenstr. 106, 34 (1967)Google Scholar
  318. Doerr, W., Goerttler, K., Neuhaus, G., Linder, F., Trede, M.: Pathologische Anatomie, Klinik und operative Therapie der konnatalen Aortenstenose. Ergebn. Chir. Orthop. 47, 1 (1965)Google Scholar
  319. Dogliotti, A.M., Actis-Dato, A., Weisz, R.: Einzeitige chirurgische Behandlung von Mitral- und Tricuspidalstenose. Mitteilung von 3 Fällen. Thoraxchirurgie 3, 363 (1955/56)Google Scholar
  320. Doliopoulos, Th., Boudioukos, G.: Calcification of the left auricular wall in rheumatic mitral cardiopathy. (Report of three cases.) Acta cardiol. (Brüx.) 27, 654 (1972)Google Scholar
  321. Domanich, A., Koenker, R. J.: Dynamics of the normal jugular bulb pulsations and their changes in tricuspid regurgitation. Amer. Heart J.82, 252 (1971)Google Scholar
  322. Donelly, G. L., Yandenberg, E. A.: Early systolic sounds in aortic valve stenosis. Brit. Heart J. 29, 246 (1967)Google Scholar
  323. Donzelot, E., de Balsac, R. H., Samuel, P., Bey- da, E.: Life expectation of patients with mitral stenosis with and without operation. Brit. Heart J. 19, 555 (1957)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  324. Dotter, C. T., Gensini, G. G.: Percutaneous retrograde catheterization of the left ventricle and systemic arteries in man. Radiology 75, 171 (1960)Google Scholar
  325. Dotter, C. T., Lukas, D. S., Steinberg, J.: Tricuspid insufficiency. Observations based on angiocardiography and cardiac catheterization in 12 patients. Amer. J. Roentgenol. 70, 786 (1953)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  326. Drachler, D. H., Willis, P. W.: Acquired right ventricular outflow tract obstruction. Amer. Heart J. 82, 536 (1971)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  327. Dressler, W., Fischer, R.: Über Tricuspidalstenose. Ein Bericht über 30 autoptisch sicher gestellte Fälle. Klin. Wschr. 8, 1267 (1929)Google Scholar
  328. Dressler, W., Rubin, R.: Complex shape and variability of the diastolic murmur of aortic regurgitation. Amer. J. Cardiol. 18, 616 (1966)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  329. Dubin, A. A., March, H. W., Cohn, K., Selzer, A.: Longitudinal hemodynamic and clinical study of mitral stenosis. Circulation 44, 381 (1971)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  330. Duboisset, M., Lienard, J., Bens, J. L., Bernas- coni, P.: Rupture de pilier de valve mitrale au cours de l’infarctus du myocarde. Press. Méd. 79, 525 (1971)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  331. Dubost, C.: Evaluation of surgery for mitral valve disease. Amer. Heart J. 82, 143 (1971)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  332. Duchak, J. M., Chang, S., Feigenbaum, H.: The posterior mitral valve echo and the echocardio- graphic diagnosis of mitral stenosis. Amer. J. Cardiol. 29, 628 (1972)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  333. Dugall, J. C., Pryor, R., Blount, S. G.: Systolic murmur following myocardial infarction. Amer. Heart J. 87, 577 (1974)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  334. Du Plessis, L. A., Chesler, E.: Surgery for severe rheumatic mitral regurgitation in children. J. thorac. cardio vase. Surg. 58, 730 (1969)Google Scholar
  335. Duroziez, P.: Du rétrécissement de la tricuspide. Gaz. Hôp. 41, 310 (1868)Google Scholar
  336. Duvoisin, G. E., McGoon, D. C.: The advantages and disadvantages of prosthetic valves for aortic valve replacement. Progr. cardiovasc. Dis. 11, 294 (1969)Google Scholar
  337. Edler, I., Hertz, C. H.: Ultrasound cardiogram in mitral valve disease. Acta chir. scand. III, 230 (1956)Google Scholar
  338. Edling, N. P. G.: Roentgentelevision study of cardiac calcification. Circulation 24, 1407 (1961)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  339. Edström, G., Gedda, P. O.: Investigation on the localisations and forms of some visceral anatomical lesions in rheumatic fever. Acta med. scand. 147, 367 (1954)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  340. Edwards, J. E.: Pathologic aspects of cardiac valvular insufficiencies. Arch. Surg. 77, 634 (1958)Google Scholar
  341. Edwards, J. E.: An atlas of acquired disease of the heart and great vessels. Vol. 1, p. 484. Disease of the valves and pericardium. Philadelphia: Saunders 1961Google Scholar
  342. Edwards, J. E.: Mitral insufficiency resulting from “overshooting” of leaflets. Circulation 43, 606 (1971)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  343. Edwards, J. E.: Bacterial endocarditis and prosthetic valves. Circulation 47, 3 (1973)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  344. Effert, S.: Der derzeitige Stand der Ultraschall- kardiographie. Arch. Kreisl.-Forsch. 30, 213 (1959)Google Scholar
  345. Effert, S., Domaning, E.: Diagnostik intraauriku- lärer Tumoren und großer Thromben mit dem Ultraschall-Echoverfahren. Dtsch. med. Wschr. 84, 6 (1959)Google Scholar
  346. Effler, D., Marcus, F.: Mitralstenosis with coronary artery disease. Medical versus surgical management. Chest 63, 1012 (1973)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  347. v. Egidy, H.: Über den Frequenzgehalt und die Amplitude von Mitralöffnungstönen bei wechselnden Vorhofdrucken. Z. Kreisl.-Forsch. 55, 137 (1966)Google Scholar
  348. Eie, A., Semb, G., Efskind, L.: The appearance of rheumatic mitral stenosis in cineangiography related to surgical treatment. Scand. J. thorac. cardiovasc. Surg. 6, 122 (1972)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  349. Einert, H. J.: Über die Beziehungen der Mitral- öffnungszeit zur mittleren Geschwindigkeit des vorderen Mitralklappensegels im Ultraschallkardiogramm bei Mitralvitien. Z. Kreisl.-Forsch. 57, 848 (1968)Google Scholar
  350. Eisenberg, S., Suyemoto, J.: Rupture of a papillary muscle of the tricuspid valve following acute myocardial infarction. Circulation 35, 88 (1964)Google Scholar
  351. Eliot, R. S., Edwards, J. E.: Pathology of rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease. In: The Heart (J. W. Hurst, R. B. Logue, Eds.), p.743. New York: McGraw-Hill 1970Google Scholar
  352. Elkin, M., Sosman, M., Harken, D. E., Dexter,L.: Systolic expansion of the left auricle in mitral regurgitation. New Engl. J. Med. 246, 958 (1952)Google Scholar
  353. Elkins, R. C., Morrow, A. G., Vasko, J. S., Braun- wald, E.: The effects of mitral regurgitation on the pattern of instantaneous aortic blood flow. Clinical and experimental observations. Circulation 36, 45 (1967)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  354. Elliott, L. P., Eliot, R. S.: Roentgenologic findings in conditions of the ascending aorta simula- tinc aortic valvular insufficiency. Amer. J. Roentgenol. 97, 390 (1966)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  355. Ellis, F. H., Frye, R. L., McGoon, D. C.: Results of reconstructive operation for mitral insufficiency due to ruptured chordae tendineae. Surgery 59, 165 (1966)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  356. Ellis, L. B., Harken, D. E.: Closed valvuloplasty for mitral stenosis. New Engl. J. Med. 270, 643 (1964)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  357. Ellis, L. B., Benson, H., Harken, D. E.: The effect of age and other factors on the early and late results following closed mitral valvuloplasty. Amer. Heart J. 75, 743 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  358. Ellis, L. B., Harken, D. E., Black, H.: A clinical study of 1000 consecutive cases of mitral stenosis two to nine years after mitral valvuloplasty. Circulation 19, 803 (1959)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  359. Ellis, L. B., Ramirez, A.: The clinical course of patients with severe “rheumatic” mitral insufficiency. Amer. Heart J. 78, 406 (1969)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  360. Ellis, L. B., Singh, J. B., Morales, D. D., Harken, D. E.: Fifteen-to-twenty-year study of one thousand patients undergoing closed mitral valvuloplasty. Circulation 48, 357 (1973)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  361. Ellison, R. G., Brown, W. J., Yeh, T. J., Hamilton, W. F.: Surgical significance of acute and chronic pulmonary valvular insufficiency. J. thorac. cardiovasc. Surg. 60, 549 (1970)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  362. El-Sherif, N.: Rheumatic tricuspid stenosis. A hemodynamic correlation. Brit. Heart J. 33, 16 (1971)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  363. Emmerich, J., Büchner, C., Reindell, H., Steim, H.: Angiokardiographische Untersuchungen über das Volumen des linken Ventrikels bei Druckbelastung (Aortenstenose). Fortschr. Röntgenstr. 104, 759 (1966)Google Scholar
  364. Emmerich, J., Steim, H.: Isolierte rheumatische Pul- monalklappeninsuffizienz. Münch, med. Wschr. 100, 1993 (1958)Google Scholar
  365. Enright, L. P., Hancock, E. W., Shumway, N. E.: Aortic debridement: Long term follow-up. Surgery 69, 404 (1971)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  366. Epstein, B. S.: The roentgenologic differentiation of rheumatic from nonrheumatic mitral valve calcification. Amer. J. Roentgenol. 44, 704 (1940)Google Scholar
  367. Epstein, E. J., Coulshed, N., Brown, A. K., Dou- kas, N. G.: The a wave of the apex cardiogram in aortic valve disease and cardiomyopathy. Brit. Heart J. 30, 591 (1968)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  368. Esch, D., Thurn, P.: Zur Pathogenese und diagnostischen Bedeutung der kostodiaphragmalen Septumlinien bei der Mitralstenose. Fortsehr. Röntgenstr. 87, 7 (1957)Google Scholar
  369. Esposito, M. J.: Foeal pulmonary hemosiderosis in rheumatic heart disease. Amer. J. Roentgenol. 73, 351 (1955)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  370. Ettinger, P.D.: Hemodynamic effects of exercise in isolated valvular aortic stenosis. Circulation 45, 1331 (1972)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  371. Ettinger, P.O., Frank, M. J., Levinson, G. E.: Hemodynamics at rest and during exercise in combined aortic stenosis and insufficiency. Circulation 45, 267 (1972)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  372. Evans, W.: Mitral systolic murmurs. Brit. med. J. 19431, 8 Google Scholar
  373. Evans, W., Short, D.S.: Pulmonary hypertension in mitral stenosis. Brit. Heart J. 19, 457 (1957)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  374. Fabian, C. E., Abrams, L.: Reflux through normal arortic valves. Invest. Radiol. 3, 178 (1968)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  375. Falcone, M. W., Roman, J. A., Roberts, W. C.: Silent mitral regurgitation complicating silent myocardial infarctions: Hemodynamic and morphologic documentation. Chest 62, 226 (1972)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  376. Fallen, E. L., Elliott, W. C., Gorlin, R.: Mechanisms of angina in aortic stenosis. Circulation 36, 480 (1967)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  377. Fallen, H., Dittrich, H., von der Emde, J., Rosellen, E., Lang, K., Just, H.: Akute Tricus- pidalinsuffizienz infolge Sehnenfadenruptur. Münch, med. Wschr. 116, 803 (1974)Google Scholar
  378. Farrar, J. F., Gray, R. E.: The pulse of aortic stenosis during childhood. Brit. Heart J. 27, 199 (1965)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  379. Farrer-Brown, G., Tarbit, M. H.: The microvas- culatur of heart valves in rheumatic heart disease. Amer. Heart J. 84, 610 (1972)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  380. Fassbender, H. G.: The incidence of rheumatic endocarditis. Amer. Heart J. 50, 537 (1955)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  381. Fassbender, H. G., Ruckes, J.: Endokarditische Restzustände und Klappenfehler. Virchow’s Arch, path. Anat. 324, 700 (1954)Google Scholar
  382. Feder, W., Cherry, R. A.: External jugular phlebo- gram as reflecting venous and right atrial hemodynamics. Amer. J. Cardiol. 12, 383 (1963)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  383. Feigenbaum, H.: Clinical applications of echocardiography. Progr. cardiovasc. Dis. 14, 531 (1972)Google Scholar
  384. Feigenbaum, H.: Echocardiography, pp. 199—213. Philadelphia: Lea & Febinger, 1976Google Scholar
  385. Feinendegen, L. E., Schicha, H., Becker, V., Vyska, K., Seipel, L.: Radiokardiographische Funktionsdiagnostik. Messung minimaler zentraler Transitzeiten (MTTs) mit Indium-113m und der Gamma-Retina. Verh. dtsch. Ges. inn. Med. 77, 438 (1971)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  386. Feist, J. H., Magover, G. J.: In vivo behavior of artificial aortic and mitral valve prosthesis. Radiology 88, 791 (1967)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  387. Fenichel, N. M.: Arteriosclerotic aortic insufficiency. Amer. Heart J. 40, 117 (1950)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  388. Ferrer, M. I., Harvey, R. M., Kuscher, M. R., Richards, M., Cournand, A.: Hemodynamic studies in tricuspid stenosis of rheumatic origin. Circulät. Res. 1, 49 (1953)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  389. Figley, M., Haight, C., Sloan, H., Ellsworth, W., Meyer, J., Berk, M., Boblitt, D.: Coronary arteriography. Some physiologic observations during development of a controlled experimental study. Med. Bull. 28, 237 (1962)Google Scholar
  390. Finegan, R. E., Gianelly, R. E., Harrison, D.C.: Aortic stenosis in the elderly. Relevance of age to diagnosis and treatment. New Engl. J. Med. 281, 1261 (1969)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  391. Finnegan, J. O., Gray, D. C., MacVaugh, H., Joy- ner, C. R., Johnson, J.: The open approach to mitral commissurotomy. J. thorac. cardiovasc. Surg. 67, 75 (1974)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  392. Fish, R. G., Takaro, T., Crymes, T.: Prognostic considerations in primary isolated insufficiency of the pulmonic valve. New Engl. J. Med. 261, 739 (1959)Google Scholar
  393. Fishenfeld, J., Lamy, Y.: Laceration of the tricuspid valve by a pacemaker wire. Chest 61, 697 (1972)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  394. Fishman, N. H., Edmunds, L. H., Hutchinson, J. C., Roe, B. B.: Five year experience with Sme- loff-Cutter mitral prosthesis. J. thorac. cardiovasc. Surg. 62345 (1971)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  395. Flamm, M. D., Braniff, B. A., Kimball, R., Hancock, E. W.: Mechanism of effort syncope in aortic stenosis. Circulation, Suppl. 86/11, 109 (1967)Google Scholar
  396. Fleischner, F. G., Abelmann, W. H., Buka, R.: The value of the atrial electrokymogram in the diagnosis of mitral regurgitation: Observations on patients with rheumatic mitral stenosis before and after mitral valvuloplasty. Circulation 10, 71 (1954)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  397. Fleming, H. A.: Ventricular septal defect and mitral regurgitation secondary to myocardial infarction. A case treated medically with long survival. Brit. Heart J. 35, 344 (1973)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  398. Fleming, H. A., Stovin, P. G. I.: Calcified right atrial mass. Report of a case and discussion of the differential diagnosis. Thorax 27, 373 (1972)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  399. Fleming, H. A., Wood, P.: The myocardial factor in mitral valve disease. Brit. Heart J. 21, 117 (1959)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  400. Fleming, J., Hamer, J.: Left ventricular volume in aortic stenosis measured by an angiocardiographic and a thermodilution method. Brit. Heart J. 30, 475 (1968)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  401. Fleming, J. S.: The assessment of failure in aortic stenosis from the diastolic movements of the left ventricle. Amer. Heart J. 76, 235 (1968)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  402. Fleming, J. S.: Evidence for a mitral valve origin of the left ventricular third heart sound. Brit. Heart J. 31, 192 (1969)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  403. FLeming, J. S.: Clinifcal experience with the Starr- Edwards aortic valve prosthesis. Amer. Heart J. 80, 151 (1970)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  404. FLeming, P. R., Gibson, R.: Percutaneous left ventricular puncture in the assessment of aortic stenosis. Thorax 12, 37 (1957)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  405. FLuck, D. C., Lopez-Bescos, L.: Calcified right atrial myxoma producing tricuspid incompetence. Proc. roy. Soc. Med. 61, 33 (1968)Google Scholar
  406. Ford, A. B., Hellerstein, H. K., Wood, C., Kelly, H. B.: Isolated congenital bicuspid pulmonary valve. Amer. J. Med. 20, 474 (1956)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  407. Forker, A. D., MacCallister, B. D., Giuliani, E. R., Osmundson, P. J.: Atypical presentations of patients with calcific aortic stenosis. Patients with normal EOG and patients with associated systemic hypertension. J. Amer. med. Ass. 212, 774 (1970)Google Scholar
  408. Forrester, J. S., Diamond, G., Freedman, S., Allen, H. N., Parmley, W. W., Matloff, J., Swan, H. J.: Silent mitral insufficiency in acute myocardial infarction. Circulation 44, 877 (1971)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  409. Fortuin, M. J., Craige, E.: On the mechanism of the Austin-Flint murmur. Circulation 45, 558 (1972)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  410. Fournier, C., Gay, J., Gerbaux, A.: Évolution à long terme des insuffisances tricuspide non opérées après correction chirurgicale des valvulopa- thies mitrales et mitro-aortiques. Arch. Mal. Cœur 68, 907 (1975)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  411. Fowler, J. M., Somers, K.: Left ventricular endomyocardial fibrosis and mitral incompetence, a new syndrome. Lancet 1968 /I, 227Google Scholar
  412. Frank, M. J., Casanegra, P., Migliori, A. J., Le- vinson, G. E.: The clincial evaluation of aortic regurgitation. With special reference to a neglected sign: the popliteal-brachial pressure gradient. Arch, intern. Med. 116, 357 (1967a)Google Scholar
  413. Frank, M. J., Nadimi, M., Hilmt, K. I., Le Vinson, G. E.: Measurement of mitral regurgitation in man by the upstream sampling method using continuous indicator infusions. Circulation 35, 100 (1967b)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  414. Frank, S., Johnson, A., Ross, J.: Natural history of valvular aortic stenosis. Brit. Heart J. 35, 41Google Scholar
  415. Frankl, W. S., MacMillan, R., Smith, W. K.: Differential echocardiographic patterns in mitral regurgitation. Angiology 23, 642 (1972)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  416. Fraser, K., Turner, M. A., Sugden, B. A.: Closed mitral valvotomy. Brit. med. J. 1976/11, 352—353Google Scholar
  417. Fréteur, J. P., Baragan, J., Himbert, J., Lenègre, J.: Étude phonomécanographique de 44 cas opérés ou autopsiés de double souffles aortiques. Arch. Mal. Cœur 61, 1057 (1968)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  418. Friedberg, C. K.: Diseases of the heart, Philadelphia: Saunders 1966Google Scholar
  419. Friedberg, C. K.: Erkrankungen des Herzens, Stuttgart: Thieme 1972Google Scholar
  420. Friedenberg, M. J., Templeton, A. W., Parker, B. M.: Correlation of pulmonary artery diameter and pressure in mitral valve disease. Angiocardiographic study. Acta radiol. Diagn. 4, 33 (1966)Google Scholar
  421. Friedman, N. J.: Echocardiographic studies of mitral valve motion. Genesis of the opening snap in mitral stenosis. Amer. Heart J. 80, 177 (1970)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  422. Friedmann, R.: Einfluß der Herzklappenfehler auf die Lebensdauer. Z. klin. Med. 130, 382 (1936)Google Scholar
  423. Friedman, W. F., Modlinger, J., Morgan, J. R.: Serial hemodynamic observations in asymptomatic children with valvar aortic stenosis. Circulation 43, 91 (1971)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  424. Fuchs, W. A., Stampbach, O.: Angiokardiographie und Kineangiokardiographie bei Mitralinsuffizienz. Cardiologia (Basel) 44, 325 (1964)Google Scholar
  425. Futcher, T. B.: Tricuspid stenosis, with a report of five cases. Amer. J. Med. Sei. 142, 625 (1911)Google Scholar
  426. Gabriele, O. F., Scatlife, J. H.: Pulmonary valve calcification. Amer. Heart J. 80, 299 (1970)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  427. Gad ermann, E.: Elektrokymographische Untersu chungen über das Verhalten der Herzpulsationen bei Mitralvitien. Verh. dtsch. Ges. Kreisl.-Forsch. 20,137 (1954)Google Scholar
  428. Gall, F., Leutschaft, R., Bachmann, K.: Die offene Kommissurotomie der Mitralstenose an der Herz- Lungen-Maschine. Thoraxchirurgie 17, 563 (1969)Google Scholar
  429. Galloway, R. W., Epstein, E. J., Coulshed, N.: Pulmonary ossifie nodules in mitral valve disease. Brit. Heart J. 23, 297 (1961)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  430. Gabdner, F. E., White, P. D.: Coronary occlusion and mycocardial infarction associated with chronic rheumatic heart disease. Ann. intern. Med. 31, 1003 (1949)Google Scholar
  431. Garusi, G. F.: Tricuspid valve appearance in right selective angiocardiography. Cardiologia (Basel) 41, 303 (1962)Google Scholar
  432. Garvin, C. F.: Tricuspid stenosis: Incidence and diagnosis. Arch, intern. Med. 72, 104 (1943)Google Scholar
  433. Gasul, B. M., Arcilla, R. A., Fell, E. H., Lyn- field, J., Bicoff, J. P., Luan, L. L.: Congenital coronary arteriovenous fistula; clinical, phono- cardiographic, angiocardiographic and hemodynamic studies in five patients. Pediatrics 25, 531 (1960)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  434. Gattiker, K., Messmer, B. J., Rothlin, M., S Enning, A.: Spätresultate nach offener Mitralklap- penrekonstruktion. Schweiz, med. Wschr. 102, 432 (1972)Google Scholar
  435. Gee, S.: Auscultation and percussion. 4th Ed. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1893Google Scholar
  436. Gehrmann, G., Loogen, F.: Mechanische hämolytische Anämie nach Implantation künstlicher Aortenklappen. Dtsch. med. Wschr. 89, 625 (1964)Google Scholar
  437. Geell, T.: Calcification of left annulus fibrosus. Acta med. seand., Suppl. 138, 153 (1950)Google Scholar
  438. Gelland, M. L., Goodkin, L.: Roentgenographic demonstration of calcification of aortic cups in aortic stenosis. South. J. Med. 61, 2065 (1961)Google Scholar
  439. Gerami, S., Messmer, B. J., Hallman, G. L., Coo- ley, D. A.: Open mitral commissurotomy. Results of 100 consecutive cases. J. thorac. cardiovasc. Surg. 62, 366 (1971)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  440. Gerbode, F., Kerth, W. J., Puryear, G. H.: The surgery of non-rheumatic acquired insufficiency of the mitral valve. Progr. cardiovasc. Dis. 11, 173 (1968)Google Scholar
  441. Gianelly, R. E., Angell, W. W., Stinson, E., Shum- way, N. E., Habrison, D. C.: Homograft replacement of the mitral valve. Circulation 38, 664 (1968)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  442. Gibson, R., Wood, P.: The diagnosis of tricuspid stenosis. Brit. Heart J. 17, 551 (1955)Google Scholar
  443. Giegler, L.: Untersuchungen zur klinischen Bedeutung der Vektorkardiographie bei Mitralstenose. Z. Kreisl.-Forsch. 60, 763 (1971)Google Scholar
  444. Gellmann, H., Loogen, F.: Beziehungen zwischen Schweregrad und klinischem Befund bei Aortenstenosen. Arch. Kreisl.-Forsch. 32, 244 (1960)Google Scholar
  445. Gilman, R. A., Lehman, J. S., Musser, B. G., Rüssel, R.: Mitral insufficiency. Its quantitation by cardiac ventriculography. J. Amer. med. Ass. 166, 2124 (1958)Google Scholar
  446. Gimenez, J. L., Soulen, R. L., Davila, J.: Prosthetic valve detachment: Its roentgenologic recognition. Amer. J. Roentgenol. 103, 595 (1968)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  447. Gimenez, J. L., Winters, W. L., Davila, J. C., Connell, J., Klein, K. S.: Dynamics of the Starr- Edwards ball valve prosthesis: A cinefluorographic and ultrasonic study in humans. Amer. J. med. Sei. 250, 652 (1965)Google Scholar
  448. Giuliani, M. G., Gould, L.: The pitfalls of the brachial arterial pressure curve in the evaluation of valvular aortic stenosis. Jap. Heart J. 10, 467 (1969)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  449. Giulioni, E. R.: Mitral valve incompetence due to fail anterior leaflet: A new physical sign. Amer. J. Cardiol. 20, 784 (1967)Google Scholar
  450. Glancy, D. L., Epstein, S. E.: Differential diagnosis of type and severity of obstruction to left ventricular outflow. Progr. cardio vase. Dis. 14, 153 (1971)Google Scholar
  451. Glancy, D. L., Freed, T. A., Obrien, K. P., Epstein, S. E.: Calcium in the aortic valve. Roentgenologic and hemodynamic correlations in 148 patients. Ann. intern. Med. 71, 245 (1969a)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  452. Glancy, D. L., Marcus, F. I., Cuadra, M., Ewy, G. A., Roberts, W. C.: Isolated organic tricuspid valvular regurgitation. Causes and consequences. Amer. J. Med. 46, 989 (1969b)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  453. Glancy, D. L., O’Brien, K.P., Reis, R. L., Epstein, S. E., Morrow, A. G.: Hemodynamic studies in patients with 2M and 3M Starr-Edwards prosthesis: Evidence of obstruction to left atrial emptying. Circulation, Suppl. 39/1, 113 (1969c)Google Scholar
  454. Glancy, D. L., Stinson, E. B., Shepherd, R. L., Itscoitz, S. B., Roberts, W. C., Epstein, S. E., Morrow, A. G.: Results of valve replacement for severe mitral regurgitation due to papillary muscle rupture or fibrosis. Amer. J. Cardiol. 32, 313 (1973)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  455. Gleichmann, U.: Postoperative Röntgenbefunde erworbener Klappenfehler. Dtsch. Röntgenkongr. 52, 16 (1971)Google Scholar
  456. Gleichmann, U., Kreuzer, H., Loogen, F., Seipel, L.: Das links ventrikuläre Doppler-Ultraschall- kardiogramm. Z. Kreisl.-Forsch. 60, 452 (1971)Google Scholar
  457. Gleichmann, U., Kreuzer, H., Loogen, F., Wilke, K. H.: Differentialdiagnostische Bedeutung des Apexkardiogramms bei Aortenfehlern. Z. Kreisl.- Forsch. 56, 763 (1967)Google Scholar
  458. Gleichmann, U., Kreuzer, H., Loogen, F., Wilke, K. H.: Veränderungen der systolischen Welle des Apexkardiogrammes bei Mitralinsuffizienz. Z. Kreisl.-Forsch. 57, 127 (1968)Google Scholar
  459. Gleichmann, IL, Loogen, F., Wilke, K. H.: Überschneidung von Ventrikelfüllung und Kontraktion im Apexkardiogramm bei Mitralinsuffizienz. Z. Kreisl.-Forsch. 56, 641 (1967)Google Scholar
  460. Glenn, W. W. L., Calabrese, C., Goodyear, A. V. N., Hume, M., Stansel jr., H. C.: Mitral valvulotomy. II. Operativ results after closed valvulotomy. A report of 500 cases. Amer. J. Surg. 117, 493 (1969)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  461. Glew, R. H., Varghese, P. J., Krovetz, L. J., Dorst, J. P., Rowe, R. D.: Sudden death in congenital aortic stenosis. Amer. Heart J. 78, 615 (1969)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  462. Goldschlager, N., Pfeifer, J., Cohn, K., Popper, R., Selzer, A.: The natural history of aortic regurgitation. A clinical and hemodynamic study.Amer. J. Med. 54, 577 (1973)Google Scholar
  463. Goldstein, S., Killip, III, T.: Comparison of direct and indirect arterial pressures in aortic regurgitation. New Engl. J. Med. 267, 1121 (1962)Google Scholar
  464. Goodenday, L. S., Simon, G., Craig, H., Dalby, L.: Abnormal distribution of pulmonary blood flow in aortic valve disease. Brit. Heart J. 32, 406 (1970)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  465. Goodwin, J. F.: Diagnosis of left atrial myxoma. Lancet 1963/I, 464Google Scholar
  466. Goodwin, J. F., Rab, S. M., Sinha, A. K., Zoob, M.: Rheumatic tricuspid stenosis. Brit. med. J. 1957/11, 1383Google Scholar
  467. Goodwin, J. F., Steiner, R. E., Love, K. G.: The pulmonary arteries in mitral stenosis, demonstrated by angiocardiography. J. Fac. Radiol. (Lond.) 4, 21 (1952)Google Scholar
  468. Gordon, A. J., Genkins, G., Grishman, A., Naba- toff, A.: Tricuspid stenosis. Report of a case, with hemodynamic studies at tricuspid commissurotomy. Amer. J. Med. 22, 306 (1957)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  469. Gordon, A. J., Kirschner, P. A., Moscovitz, H. L.: Hemodynamics of aortic and mitral valve disease. New York-London: Grune & Stratton 1961Google Scholar
  470. Gorelick, M. M., Lenkei, S. C., Heimbecker, R. O., Gunton, R. W.: Estimation of mitral regurgitation by injection of dye into the left ventricle with simultaneous left atrial sampling: A clinical study of sixty confirmed cases. Amer. J. Cardiol. 10, 62 (1962)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  471. Gorlin, R.: Mechanism of signs and symptoms of mitral valve disease. Brit. Heart J. 16, 375 (1954).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  472. Gorlin, R.: Measurement of coronary flow in health and disease. Modern trends in cardiology. London 1961Google Scholar
  473. Gorlin, R., Gorlin, S. G.: Hydraulic formula for calculation of the area of the stenotic mitral valve, other cardiac valves, and central circulatory shunts. Amer. Heart J. 41, 1 (1951)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  474. Gorlin, R., Lewis, B. L., Haynes, F. W., Dexter, L.: Studies of the circulatory dynamics at rest in mitral valvular regurgitation with and without stenosis. Amer. Heart J. 43, 357 (1952)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  475. Gorlin, R., Lewis, B. M., Haynes, F. W., Spiegl, R. J.: Factors regulating pulmonary “capillary” pressure in mitral stenosis. Amer. Heart J. 41, 834 (1951)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  476. Gorlin, R., Rolett, E. L., Yurchak, P. M., Elliott, W. C.: Left ventricular volume in man measured by thermodilutiofi. J. clin. Invest. 43, 1203 (1964)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  477. Gotsman, M. S., Beck, W., Barnard, C. N., Schri- re, V.: Changes in chest radiography after aortic valve replacement. Brit. Heart J. 30, 219 (1968)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  478. Gottsegen, G., Weesely, J., Arvay, A, Temesvari, A.: Right ventricular myxoma simulating pulmonic stenosis. Circulation 27, 95 (1963)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  479. Gould, L., Ettinger, S. J., Lyon, A. F.: Intensity of the first heart sound and arterial pulse in mitral insufficiency. Dis. Chest 53, 545 (1968)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  480. Gould, L., Weber, D., Schaffer, A. I., O’Corner, R. A.: Does atrial fibrillation lead to tricuspid insufficiency ? Amer. J. Cardiol. 16, 189 (1965)Google Scholar
  481. Gould, L., Zahir, M., Demartino, A., Gomprecht, R. F., Hayt, D.: Extensive calcification of the tri- cuspid valve in rheumatic heart disease. Angiology 22, 529 (1971)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  482. de Graff, A. C., Lingg, C.: The course of rheumatic heart disease in adults. Amer. Heart J. 10, 459 (1934)Google Scholar
  483. Graham, A. F., Schroeder, J. S., Daily, P. O., Harrison, D. C.: Clinical and hemodynamic studies in patients with homograft mitral valve replacement. Circulation 44, 334 (1971)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  484. Graham, G. K., Taylor, I. A., Ellis, L. B., Green- berg, D. I., Robbins, S. L.: Studies in mitral stenosis. Correlation in the postmortem findings with the clinical course of the disease in 101 cases. Arch, intern. Med. 88, 532 (1951)Google Scholar
  485. Graham, T. P., Goodrich, J. K., Robinson, A. E., Harris, C. C.: Scintiangiocardiography in children. Amer. J. Cardiol. 25, 387 (1970a)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  486. Graham, T. P., Jarmakani, J. M., Canent, R. V., Anderson, P. A.: Evaluation of left ventricular contractile state in childhood. Normal values and observations with a pressure overload. Circulation 44, 1043 (1971)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  487. Graham, T. P., Lewis, B. W., Jarmakani, M. M., Canet, R. Y., Capp, M. P.: Left heart volume and mass quantification in children with left ventricular pressure overload. Circulation 41, 203 (1970b)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  488. Grant, C., Greene, D. G., Bunnell, I. L.: Left ventricular enlargement and hypertrophy. A clinical and angiographic study. Amer. J. Med. 89, 895 (1965)Google Scholar
  489. Grant, R. T.: After histories for ten years of a thousand men suffering from heart disease. Clin. Sei. 16, 275 (1933)Google Scholar
  490. Gray, I. R., Joshipura, C. S., Mackinnon, J.: Retrograde left ventricular cardioangiography in the diagnosis of mitral regurgitation. Brit. Heart J. 2, 145 (1963)Google Scholar
  491. Gremmel, H., Loogen, F., Vieten, H.: Kardiovaskuläre Befunde beim Marfan-Syndrom. Fortschr. Röntgenstr. 100, 612 (1964)Google Scholar
  492. Gremmel, H., Schulte-Brinckmann, W.: Über den Wert von Herzfernaufnahmen zur Beurteilung von Herz- und Lungenveränderungen bei Mitralstenose. Arch. Kreisl.-Forsch. 37, 199 (1962)Google Scholar
  493. Grishman, A., Kroop, I. G., Steinberg, M. F., Dack, S.: Presystolic pulsation of the liver in absence of tricuspid disease. Amer. Heart J. 40, 731 (1950)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  494. Groedel, F. M.: Grundriß und Atlas der Röntgendiagnostik in der inneren Medizin und den Grenzgebieten. 1. Aufl. München: J. F. Lehmann 1909Google Scholar
  495. Groedel, F. M.: Die Röntgendiagnostik der Herz- und Gefäßerkrankungen. Berlin: H. Meusser 1912Google Scholar
  496. Groedel, F. M.: Grundriß und Atlas der Röntgendiagnostik in der inneren Medizin und den Grenzgebieten, 3. Aufl. München: Lehmann 1921Google Scholar
  497. Grohme, S.: Befunde an operativ gewonnenen Herzklappen. Z. Kreisl.-Forsch. 60, 100 (1971)Google Scholar
  498. Grondin, P., Lepage, G., Castonguay, Y., Meere, C.: The tricuspid valve: A surgical challenge. J. thorac. Surg. 53, 7 (1967)Google Scholar
  499. Grondin, P., Meere, C., Limet, R., Lopez-Bescos, L., Delcan, J. L., Rivera, R.: Carpentier’s annulus and deVegas’s annoulplasty The end of the tricupsid challenge. J. thorac. cardio vase. Surg. 70, 852—859 (1975)Google Scholar
  500. Grosse-Brockhoff, F., Iseken, G.: Zur Frage der Häufigkeit der Operationsindikation bei Mitralstenose. Pathologisch-anatomische Grundlagen. Z. Kreisl.-Forsch. 43, 402 (1954)Google Scholar
  501. Grosse-Brockhoff, F., Kaiser, K., Loogen, F.: Erworbene Herzklappenfehler. In: Handbuch der inneren Medizin. 4. Aufl., Bd. 9, Teil II. Berlin- Göttingen-Heidelberg: Springer 1960 S. 1288Google Scholar
  502. Grosse-Brockhoff, F., Loogen, F.: Angeborene Aortenstenose. Dtsch. med. Wschr. 86, 417 (1961)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  503. Grosse-Brockhoff, F., Loogen, F.: Schweregrad der Aorteninsuffizienz und Operationsindikation. Dtsch. med. Wschr. 90, 737 (1965)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  504. Grosse-Brockhoff, F., Loogen, F., Schaede: Angeborene Herz- u. Gefäßmißbildungen. In: Hdb. Inn. Med. IY. Aufl., Bd. IX/2, S. 105. Berlin-Göttingen- Heidelberg: Springer 1960Google Scholar
  505. Gueron, M., Hirsch, M., Borman, J., Appelbaum, A.: Isolated tricuspid valvular stenosis. J. thorac. cardiovasc. Surg. 63, 760 (1972)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  506. Günther, K. H.: Die hämodynamisehen Charakteristika kombinierter Mitralklappenfehler und reiner Mitralinsuffizienzen unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Pendelvolumina. Z. Kreisl.- Forsch. 57, 609 (1968)Google Scholar
  507. Gustafson, A., Edler, I., Dahlbäck, O., Kaude, J., Persson, S.: Left atrial myxoma diagnosed by ultrasound cardiography. Angiology 24, 554 (1973)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  508. Hadfield, G., Garrod, L. P.: Recent Advances in Pathology, p. 363. Philadelphia: Blakiston 1947Google Scholar
  509. Haerten, K., Both, A., Seipel, L., Loogen, F., Herzer, J.: Hämodynamische Untersuchungen nach prothetischem Trieuspidalklappenersatz. Z. Kardiol. 66, 170 (1977)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  510. Haerten, K., Both, A., Loogen, F., Bircks, W.: Hemodynamics after mitral valve replacement with Starr-Edwards, Björk-Shiley, and Lillehei- Kaster prostheses. Circulation, Suppl. 53/54—II, 181 (1976)Google Scholar
  511. Hager, W., Kevenhörster, K., Müller, H.: Die isolierte valvuläre Pulmonalinsuffizienz. Cardiolo- gia (Basel) 47, 45 (1965a)Google Scholar
  512. Hager, W., Wegehaupt, R., Orth, H. F., Schley, G.: Die diagnostische Bedeutung des Intervalles Q-I. Herzton im Phonokardiogramm. 1. Mitteilung: Das Q-I-Intervall bei Normalpersonen, bei arterieller Hypertonie, bei Aortenklappenstenosen und bei Mitralstenosen vor und nach der Operation. Z. Kreisl.-Forsch. 54, 1068 (1965b)Google Scholar
  513. Hall, P.: On the prognosis and natural history of acute rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease. Acta med. scand., Suppl. 362,169 (1961)Google Scholar
  514. Hall, P., Björck, G., Ohlsson, N. M.: Roentgenological evaluation of the left atrium in early mitral stenosis. Acta med. scand. 169, 313 (1961)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  515. Hallerbach, H.: Ergebnisse der KontrastdarStellung der thorakalen Aorta. In: Theoretische und klinische Medizin in Einzeldarstellungen. Heidelberg: Hüthig 1967Google Scholar
  516. Halmagyi, D., Robiseck, F., Felkai, B., Zsoter, T, Ivanyi, J, Tenyi, M, Szües, Z.: Studies on experimental trieuspidal insufficiency in dogs. Acta med. Acad. Sei. hung. 5, 347 (1954)Google Scholar
  517. Hamby, R. I., Lee, R. L., Aintablian, A., Wisoff, G., Harstein, M. L.: Cinefluorographic study of the aortic ball-cage prosthetic valve phonocardiography, hemodynamic and angiographic correlations. Amer. J. Cardiol. 84, 276 (1974)Google Scholar
  518. Hamer, J.: The vectorcardiogram in mitral valve disease. Brit. Heart J. 32, 149 (1970)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  519. Hamilton, W. F., Do we, P.: An experimental study of the standing waves in the pulse propagated through the aorta. Amer. J. Physiol. 125, 48 (1939)Google Scholar
  520. Hammermeister, K. E., Dillard, D. H., Kennedy, J. W.: Severe, intermittent mitral regurgitation in a Cross-Jones valve. Report of a case with angiocardiographic and hemodynamic observations. J. thorac. cardiovasc. Surg. 58, 575 (1969)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  521. Hammermeister, K. E., Murray, J. A., Blackmon, J. R.: Revision of Gorlin constant for calculation of mitral valve area from left heart pressure. Brit. Heart J. 35, 392 (1973)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  522. Hanania, G., Penther, P., Gerbaux, A., Lenegre, J.: L’insuffisance mitrale dans la myocardio- pathie non obstructive. Arch. Mal. Coeur 65, 543 (1972)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  523. Hancock, E. W.: Ejection sound in aortic stenosis. Amer. J. Med. 40, 569 (1966)Google Scholar
  524. Hancock, E. W., Cohn, K.: The syndrome associated with midsystolic click and late systolic murmur. Amer. J. Med. 41, 183 (1966)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  525. Hansing, C. E., Rowe, G. G.: Tricuspid insufficiency. A study of hemodynamics and pathogenesis. Circulation 45, 793 (1972)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  526. Hanson, J. S., Ikkos, D., Crafoord, C., Ovenfors, O: Results of surgery for congenital pulmonary stenosis. Comparison of the trans ventricular and transarterial approaches. Circulation 18, 588 (1958)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  527. Hanusch, A.: Beitrag zur Lungenhämosiderose. Z. ges. inn. Med. 11, 57 (1956)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  528. Harken, D. E., Collins, J. J.: Mitral valve replacement. Progr. cardiovasc. Dis. 11, 263 (1969)Google Scholar
  529. Harken, D. E., Ellis, L. B.: Recurrent symptoms after surgery for mitral stenosis. Amer. J. Cardiol. 26, 219 (1970)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  530. Harmjanz, D., Kochsiek, K., Heimburg, P., Emm- rich, J.: Die Mitralinsuffizienz mit normaler Druckhöhe und normalem Druckablauf im linken Yorhof bei großem Regurgitationsvolumen. Z. Kreisl.-Forsch. 55, 217 (1966)Google Scholar
  531. Hartman, H.: The jugular venous tracing. Amer. Heart J. 59, 698 (1960)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  532. Hartveit, F. M., Waaler, E.: The incidence of rheumatic stigmata in heart which are usually considered non-rheumatic. Acta path, microbiol. scand., Suppl. 148, 59 (1961)Google Scholar
  533. Harvey, R. M., Ferrer, I., Samet, P., Bad er, R.A., Bader, M.E., Cournand, A., Richards, D. W.: Mechanical and myocardial factors in rheumatic heart disease with mitral stenosis. Circulation 11, 531 (1955)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  534. Hashimoto, M.: Cineangiocardiographic assessment of mitral and aortic regurgitation. Jap. Cireulat. J. 32, 1239 (1968)Google Scholar
  535. Haubrich, R.: Über die miliare Lungenhämosiderose mit partieller Yerknöcherung. Fortschr. Rönt- genstr. 81, 440 (1954)Google Scholar
  536. Haubrich, R.: Der heutige Stand der Elektrokymo- graphie. Ergebn. inn. Med. Kinderheilk. 6, 640 (1955)Google Scholar
  537. Haubrich, R., Heckmann, K.: Röntgenkymographie. In: Handbuch der Medizinischen Radiologie, Bd. X/l. Berlin-Heidelberg-New York: Springer 1969Google Scholar
  538. Hauch, H. J., Wende, U., Nitschke, M.: Spätergebnisse der Mitralvalvulotomie. Münch, med. Wschr. 108, 157 (1966)Google Scholar
  539. van der Hauwaert, L. G., Corbeel, L., Maldague, P.: Fibroma of the right ventricle producing severe tricuspid stenosis. Circulation 32, 451 (1965)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  540. Hawe, A., Freye, R. L., Ellis, F. H.: Late hemodynamic studies after mitral valve surgery. J. thorac. cardiovasc. Surg. 65, 351 (1973)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  541. Hays, F. B., Boggan, W. H.: Rupture of aortic valve cusp attachment due to aseptic medionecrosis of aorta: Case report with necropsy findings. Ann. intern. Med. 43, 1107 (1955)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  542. Heckmann, K.: Elektrokymographie. Berlin-Göttingen-Heidelberg: Springer 1959Google Scholar
  543. Heeger, H., Polzer, K.: Zur Hämodynamik der Tricuspidalinsuffizienz. Wien. klin. Wschr. 68, 601 (1955)Google Scholar
  544. Heeger, H., Polzer, K.: Die Tricuspidalinsuffizienz im Rheogramm und Venenpuls. Wien. klin. Wschr. 68, 757 (1956)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  545. Hegglin, R., Rutishauser, W., Kaufmann, G., Lüthy, E., Scheu, H.: Kreislaufdiagnostik mit der Farbstoffverdünnungsmethode. Stuttgart: Thieme 1962Google Scholar
  546. Heggtviet, H. A.: Syphilitic aortitis. Circulation 29, 346 (1964)Google Scholar
  547. Heid el, W., Huth, J. H., Kuhlgatz, G., Wüstenberg, P. W.: Das Schicksal der operierten und nicht operierten Patienten mit Mitralklappenste- nose. Cardiologia (Basel) 51, 3 (1967)Google Scholar
  548. Heidenreich, F. P., Leon, D. F., Shaver, J. A.: A case of anomalous right coronary artery to right atrial fistula presenting as atipycal aortic insufficiency. Amer. J. Cardiol. 23, 453 (1969a)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  549. Heidenreich, F. P., Thomson, M. E., Shaver, J. A., Leonard, J. J.: Left atrial transport in mitral stenosis. Circulation 40, 545 (1969b)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  550. Heikkilä, J.: Mitral incompetence complicating acute myocardial infarction. Brit. Heart J. 29, 162 (1967)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  551. Heinz, N., Luckmann, E.: Die Formanalyse zentraler Venendruckkurven. II. Tricuspidalklappen- insuffizienz. Z. Kreisl.-Forsch. 60, 910 (1971)Google Scholar
  552. Hellems, H. K., Haynes, F. W., Dexter, L.: Pulmonary “capillary” pressure in man. J. appl. Physiol. 2, 24 (1949)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  553. Heller, S. J., Carleton, R. A.: Abnormal left ventricular contraction in patients with mitral stenosis. Circulation 42, 1099 (1970)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  554. Hemley, S. D.: Mitral annulus calcification. Radiology 83, 464 (1964)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  555. Hemley, S. D., Schwinger, A., Harrington, L. A.: Calcification of the left auricle. Radiology 61, 49 (1963)Google Scholar
  556. Henry, E., Monties, J. R., Devin, R., Courbier, R., Baille, Y., Jacquenoud, P.: Attitude chirurgicale dans les valvulopathies mitrotricuspi- dienne. Arch. Mal. Cœur 61, 1290 (1968)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  557. Henry, E., Monties, J. R., Baille, Y., Goudard, A.: Resultats de la chirurgie à cœur ouvert des valvulopathies mitrales. Acta cardiol. (Brüx.) 24, 161 (1969)Google Scholar
  558. Henry, E. D., Monthies, J. R., Baille, Y., Goudard, A., Jaquencoud, P., Serra, P.: Résultats de la chirurgie des polyvalvulopathies aquises. Arch. Mal. Cœur 62, 1748 (1969)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  559. Henze, A.: Aortic valve replacement in patients over the age of sixty. Scand. J. thorac. cardiovasc. Surg. 8, 1 (1974)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  560. Herbert, W. H.: Mitral insufficiency as a right ventricular afterload. Chest 60, 98 (1971)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  561. Herbert, W. W.: Radiographic errors in the diagnosis of aortic insufficiency. Vase. Dis. 2, 87 (1965)Google Scholar
  562. Heulin, A., Joffe, G., Audoin, J., Delarue, F. Guillemot, R., Yacheron, A., diMatteo, J.: Rétrécissement aortique calcifié et athérosclérose coronarienne. Arch. Mal. Cœur 66, 1381 (1973)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  563. Higgs, L. M., Glancy, D. L., O’Brien, K. P., Epstein, E. S., Morrow, A. G.: Mitral restenosis: An uncommon cause of recurrent symptoms following mitral commissurotomy. Amer. J. Cardiol. 26, 34 (1970)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  564. Hildner, F. J., Javier, R. P., Cohen, L. S., Samet, P., Nathan, M. J., Yahr, W. Z., Greenberg, J. J.: Myocardial dysfunction associated with valvular heart disease. Amer. J. Cardiol. 80, 319 (1972)Google Scholar
  565. Hilger, H. H., Wackerbauer, J.: Zur Diagnostik der Mitralinsuffizienz mit der unblutigen photoelektrischen Oxymetrie und Farbstoffverdünnungsmethode. Verh. dtsch. Ges. Kreisl.-Forsch. 81, 265 (1965)Google Scholar
  566. Hill, L., Flack, M., Holtzmann, W.: Measurement of systolic blood pressure in man. Heart 1, 73 (1909)Google Scholar
  567. Hill, L., Rowlands, R. A.: Systolic blood pressure: (1) In change of posture, (2) in cases of aortic regurgitation. Heart 3, 219 (1911)Google Scholar
  568. Himbert, J., Penther, P., Lenègre, J.: La correction de l’insuffisance tricuspidienne dans la. Chirurgie à cœur ouvert des cardiopathies mitrales et mitro-aortiques. Arch. Mal. Cœur 60, 1460 (1967)Google Scholar
  569. Hipona, F. A., Lerona, P. T., Paredes, S.: Radiologie diagnosis of late complications associated with cardiac valve surgery in acquired heart disease. Radiol. Clin. N. Amer. 9, 265 (1965)Google Scholar
  570. Hipona, F. A., Lerona, P. T., Paredes, S.: Radiologic diagnosis of late complications associated with cardiac valve surgery in acquired heart disease. Radiol. Clin. N. Amer. 9, 265 (1971)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  571. Hiraoka, K., Ohkawa, S., Sugiura, M.: A clinico- pathological study on the syphilitic aortic regurgitation in the aged. Jap. Heart J. 14, 22 (1973)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  572. Hod am, R., Anderson, R., Starr, A., Wood, J., Dobbs, J., Raible, D.: Further evaluation of the composite seat cloth-covered aortic prosthesis. Ann. thorac. Surg. 12, 621 (1971)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  573. Hodgkin, T.: Retroversion of the valves of the aorta. London med. Gaz. 3, 433 (1828—1829)Google Scholar
  574. Hoffmann, G.: Nuklearmedizinische Funktionsdiagnostik in der Kardiologie, Angiologie und Pul- monologie. Internist 10, 359 (1969)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  575. Hoffmann, L.: Besonderheiten der Endocarditis bei Drogenabhängigen. Dtsch. med. Wschr. 97, 1827 (1972)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  576. Hoffmeister, H. E., Brunner, L., Kalbow, K., Sinha, K., Koncz, J.: Offene oder geschlossene Operation der Mitralstenose höheren Schweregrades ? Thoraxchirurgie 20, 38 (1972)Google Scholar
  577. Hollman, A.: Tricuspid valvotomy. Lancet 1956/I,535Google Scholar
  578. Hollman, A., Hamed, M.: Mitral valve disease with ventricular spetal defect. Brit. Heart J. 27, 274 (1965)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  579. Hollman, A.: The anatomical appearance in rheumatic tricuspid valve disease. Brit. Heart J. 19, 219 (1957)Google Scholar
  580. Holloway, D. H., Whalen, R. E., McIntosh, H.D.: Systolic murmur developing after myocardial ischemia or infarction. J. amer. med. Ass. 191, 888 (1968)Google Scholar
  581. Holmes, J. C., Fowler, N. O., Kaplan, S.: Pulmonary valvular insufficiency. Amer. J. Med. 44, 851 (1968)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  582. Holzer, J. A., Karliner, J. S., O’Rourke, R. A., Peterson, K. L.: Quantitative angiographic analysis of the left ventricle in patients with isolated rheumatic mitral stenosis. Brit. Heart J. 35, 497 (1973)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  583. Holzmann, M.: Röntgenbefunde bei Tricuspidal- fehlern. Fortschr. Röntgenstr. 46, 14 (1932)Google Scholar
  584. Honey, M., Gough, J. H., Katsaros, S., Miller, G. A. H., Thuraisingham, Y.: Left ventricular cineangiography in the assessment of mitral regurgitation. Brit. Heart J. 31, 596 (1969)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  585. Hope, I.: A treatise on the diseases of the heart and great vessels. London: W. Kidd 1832Google Scholar
  586. Horwitz, L. D., Mullins, C. B., Payne, R. M., Curry, G. C.: Left ventricular function in mitral stenosis. Chest 64, 609 (1973)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  587. Hubbard, T. F., Dunn, F. L., Neis, D. D.: A phonocardiography study of the apical diastolic murmurs in pure mitral insufficiency. Amer. Heart J. 57, 223 (1959)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  588. Hufnagel, C. A., Conrad;, P. W.: Calcified aortic stenosis. New Engl. J. Med. 266, 72 (1962)Google Scholar
  589. Hugenholtz, P. G., Wagner, H. R., Sandler, H.: The in vivo determination of left ventricular volume. Comparison of the fiberoptic-indicator dilution and the angiocardiographic methods. Circulation 37, 489 (1968)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  590. Hultgren, H. N.: Calcific disease of the aortic valve. Arch. Path.45, 694 (1948)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  591. Hultgren, H. N., Hancock, E. W., Cohn, K. E.: Auscultation in mitral and tricuspid valvular disease. Progr. cardiovasc. Dis. 10, 298 (1967/68)Google Scholar
  592. Hultgren, H. N., Hubis, H., Shumway, N.: Cardiac function following prosthetic aortic valve replacement. Amer. Heart J. 77, 585 (1969)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  593. Hultgren, H., Hubis, H., Shumway, N.: Cardiac function following mitral valve replacement. Amer. Heart J. 75, 302 (1968)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  594. Humphries, J. O., McKusick, V. A.: The differentiation of organic and “innocent” systolic murmurs. Progr. cardiovasc. Dis. 5, 152 (1962)Google Scholar
  595. Hurley, P. J., Lowe, J. B., Barratt-Boyes, B. G.: Debridement-valvotomy for aortic stenosis in adults: A follow-up of 76 patients. Thorax 22, 314 (1967)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  596. Hussay, H. H., Katz, S.: Infections resulting from narcotic addiction. Report of 102 cases. Amer. J. Med. 9, 186 (1950)Google Scholar
  597. Hutchinson, J. E., Green, G. E., Mekhjian, H. A., Kemp, H. G.: Aortic valve replacement combined with coronary bypass grafts. N.Y. St. J. Med. 73, 1299 (1973)Google Scholar
  598. Hutter, A. M., Dinsmore, R. E., Willerson, J. T., Desanctis, R. W.: Early systolic clicks due to mitral valve prolapse. Circulation 44,516 (1971)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  599. Hylen, J. C.: Mechanical malfunction and thrombosis of prosthetic heart valves. Amer. J. Cardiol. 30, 396 (1972)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  600. Hylen, J. C., Judkins, M. P., Herr, R. H., Starr, A.: Radiographic diagnosis of aortic-ball variance. J. Amer. med. Ass. 207, 1120 (1969)Google Scholar
  601. Ikram, H., Makey, A. R., Bliss, B. P.: Genesis of diastolic sounds in mitral incompetence. Brit. Heart J. 31, 762 (1969)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  602. Ionescu, M. I., Ross, D. N., Deac, R. C., Petrila, P. A., Wooler, G. H.: Autologous fascia lata heart valves. Yerh. dtsch. Ges. Kreisl.-Forsch. 36, 20 (1970)Google Scholar
  603. Irmer, W., Konrad, R. M., Rotthoef, F.: Überblick über 1000 operierte Mitralstenosen. Langenbecks Arch. klin. Chir. 296, 154 (1960)Google Scholar
  604. Ishii, Y., MacIntyre, W. J.: Measurement of heart chamber volumes by analysis of dilution curves simultaneously recorded by scintillation camera. Circulation 44, 37 (1971)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  605. Isringhaus, H., Stapenhorst, K.: Zur chirurgischen Behandlung der Mitralstenose mittels geschlossener Kommissurotomie. Zugleich Beitrag zur Frage der offenen oder geschlossenen Operationsmethode. Herz-Kreisl. 8, 559 (1976)Google Scholar
  606. Jacobson, G., Schwartz, L. H., Sussman, M. L.: Radiographic estimation of pulmonary artery pressure in mitral valvular disease. Radiology 68, 15 (1957)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  607. Jacoby, W. J., Tucker, D. H., Summer, R. G.: The second heart sound in congenital pulmonary valvular insufficiency. Amer. Heart J. 69, 603 (1965) Janker, R.: Knotige Knochenbildung der Lunge. Fortsehr. Röntgenstr. 53, 260 (1936)Google Scholar
  608. Jefferson, K. E.: Thoracic aortography and cineradiography of the aortic valve. Symposion: Thoracic aortography. Brit. J. Radiol. 33, 567 (1960)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  609. Jelinek, Y. M. J., McDonald, I. G., Hale, G. S.: Haemodynamic basis for aortic valve replacement. Brit. Heart J. 36, 69 (1974)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  610. Jensen, G., Sigurt, B.: Atrioventricular block in aortic insufficiency. Acta med. scand. 192, 391 (1972)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  611. Jereb, M., Olin, C., Lindh, L. E.: Estimation of the degree of aortic regurgitation by means of densitometry. An experimental investigation. Acta radiol. diagn. 12, 145 (1972)Google Scholar
  612. Jeresaty, R. M.: Ballooning of the mitral valve leaflets. Angiographic study of 24 patients. Radiology 100, 45 (1971)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  613. Jhaveri, S., Czoniczer, G., Reider, R. B., Massell, B. F.: Relatively benign “pure” mitral regurgitation of rheumatic origin. A study of seventy- four adult patients. Circulation 22, 39 (1960)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  614. Joassin, A., Edwards, J. E.: Late cause of death after mitral valve replacement. Analysis of 36 cases. J. thorac. cardiovasc. Surg. 65, 255 (1973)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  615. Johnson, A. M.: Aortic stenosis, sudden death, and the left ventricular baroceptors. Brit. Heart J. 33, 1 (1971)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  616. Johnson, D. E., Liu, C. K., Akcay, M. M., Tablin, G. Y.: Radiopulmonary cardiography for measurement of central mean transit time and its arterial and venous subdivisions. USAEC (Oak Ridge) TID 7678, 249 (1964)Google Scholar
  617. Johnson, E. E., Stollerman, G. H., Grossman, B. J., McCulloch, H.: Streptococcal infections in adolescents and adults after prolonged freedom from rheumatic fever. 1. Results of the first 3 years of disease study. New Engl. J. Med. 263, 105 (1960)Google Scholar
  618. Johnson, L. M., Patton, B. C., Holmes, J. H.: Ultrasonic evaluation of prosthetic valve motion. Circulation, Suppl. 41—42/11, 3 (1970)Google Scholar
  619. Johnson, P. M., Wood, E. H., Pasternak, B. S., Jones, M. A.: Roentgen evaluation of pulmonary arterial pressure in mitral stenosis. Radiology 76, 541 (1961)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  620. Johnson, M. L., Holmes, J. H., Spangler, R. D., Paton, B. C.: Usefulness of echocardiography in patients undergoing mitral valve surgery. J. thorac. cardiovasc. Surg. 64, 922 (1972)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  621. Joint Report (AHA): The natural history of rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease. Circulation 32, 457 (1965)Google Scholar
  622. Joly, F., Yalty, J., Carlotti, J.: Les bruits dia- stoliques auriculoventriculaires captes par le micromanomètre dans les insuffisances valvulaires pures du cœur gauche. Arch. Mal. Cœur 5, 1722 (1965)Google Scholar
  623. Jones, J. W., Rackley, C. E., Bruce, R. A., Dodge, H. T., Cobb, L. A., Sandler, H.: Left ventricular volumes in valvular heart disease. Circulation 29, 887 (1964)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  624. Jorgens, J., Blank, N., Wilcox, W. A.: The cine- fluorographic detection and recording of calcification within the heart. Results of 803 examinations. Radiology 74, 550 (1960)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  625. Jose, A. D., Bernstein, L.: Mitral regurgitant flow and left ventricular function in patients with mitral valve disease. Circulation 26, 1241 (1962)Google Scholar
  626. Jose, A. D., McGaff, C. J., Milnor, W. R.: The value of injection of dye into the left heart in the study of mitral and aortic valve disease by catheterization of the left heart. Amer. Heart J. 60, 408 (1960)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  627. Jose, A. D., Taylor, R. R., Bernstein, L.: The influence of arterial pressure on mitral incompetence in man. J. clin. Invest. 43, 2094 (1964)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  628. Joseph, S., Sommer ville, J., Emanuel, R., Ross, D., Ross, K.: Aortic valve replacement wTith frame-mounted autologous fascia lata. Long-term results. Brit. Heart J. 86, 760 (1974)Google Scholar
  629. Joyner, C. R.: Echocardiography. Circulation 46, 835 (1972)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  630. Judge, T. P., Kennedy, J. W.: Estimation of aortic regurgitation by diastolic pulse wave analysis. Circulation 41, 659 (1970)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  631. Judge, T. P., Kennedy, J. W., Bennett, L. J., Wills, R. E., Murray, J. A., Blackmon, J. R.: Quantitative hemodynamic effects of heart rate in aortic regurgitation. Circulation 44, 355 (1971)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  632. Judson, W. E., Ardaiz, J., Stracii, T. B. J., Jennings, R. S.: Postoperative evaluation of prosthetic replacement of aortic and mitral valves. Circulation 28, 744 (1963)Google Scholar
  633. Judson, W. E., Ardaiz, J., Stracii, T. B. J., Jennings, R. S.: Postoperative evaluation of prosthetic replacement of aortic and mitral valves. Circulation Suppl. 29/1, 14 (1964)Google Scholar
  634. Kaindl, F., Kautek-Ogris, E., Kohn, P.: Zum zentralen und peripheren Druckpuls bei Aortenklappenstenosen. Wien. Z. inn. Med. 51, 249 (1970)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  635. Kaindl, F., Kühböck, J., Pesckl, L.: Zur Wertigkeit des Ultraschallkardiogramms bei der Diagnostik von Mitralvitien. Wien. Z. inn. Med. 46, 274 (1965)Google Scholar
  636. Kaiser, K., Thurn, P.: Beitrag zur Röntgenkymo- graphie der Aorta. Fortschr. Röntgenstr. 77, 28 (1952)Google Scholar
  637. Kalmanson, D., Veyrat, C., Chiche, P.: Diagnostic par voie externe des cardiopathies droites et des shunts intra-cardiaques gauche-droite à l’aide du fluxmètre directionel à effet Doppler. Presse Med. 78, 1053 (1970)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  638. Kalmanson, D., Derai, C., Novikoff, N.: Le flux tri- cuspidien étudié chez l’animal et chez l’homme par cathétérisme vélocimétrique directionel. Arch. Mal. Cœur 64, 854 (1971)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  639. Kalmanson, D., Veyrat, C., Chiche, P.: Atrial versus ventricular contribution in determining systolic venons retourn. A new approach to an old riddle. Cardiovasc. Res. 5, 293 (1971)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  640. Kaplan, M. A., Parker, D. P., Aronow, W., Res- nick, N.: Normal sinus rhythm in advanced mitral valve disease. Arch, intern. Med. 123, 660 (1969)Google Scholar
  641. Kaplan, M. H., Frengley, J. D.: Autoimmunity to the heart in cardiac disease. Amer. J. Cardiol. 24, 459 (1969)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  642. Kasalicky, J., Hurych, J., Widimsky, J., Dejdar, R., Metys, R., Stanek, V.: Left heart haemo- dynamics at rest and during exercise in patients with mitral stenosis. Brit. Heart J. 30, 188 (1968)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  643. Kaufman, P., Poliakoff, H.: Studies of the aging heart. The pattern of rheumatic heart disease in old age. Ann. intern Med. 32, 889 (1950)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  644. Kawashima, Y., Nakano, S., Manabe, H.: Tricuspid insufficiency. A study of hemodynamics. Jap. Circulät. J. 38, 853 (1974)Google Scholar
  645. Kay, E. B., Rodriguez, P., Haghighi, D., Suzuki, H., Zimmerman, H. A.: Mitral stenosis. Com- parativ analysis of postoperative results following the closed and open operative approach. Amer. J. Cardiol. 14, 139 (1964)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  646. Kay, E. B., Suzuki, A., Demaney, M., Zimmerman, H. A.: Comparison of ball and disk valves for mitral valve replacement. Amer. J. Cardiol. 18, 504 (1966)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  647. Kay, J. H., Maselli-Campagna, C., Tsuji, H. K.: Surgical treatment of tricuspid insufficiency. Ann. Surg. 53, 162 (1965)Google Scholar
  648. Keefe, J. F., Wölk, M. J., Levine, H. J.: Isolated tricuspid valvular stenosis. Amer. J. Cardiol. 25, 252 (1970)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  649. Keenan, T. J., Schartz, M. J.: Tricuspid whoop. Amer. J. Cardiol. 31, 643 (1973)Google Scholar
  650. Keith, T. A., Fowler, N. 0.: Closed mitral commissurotomy. Complications and their effect on survival. Chest 61, 24 (1972)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  651. Kelly, D. T.: Isolated congenital pulmonary incompetence. Brit. Heart J. 27, 777 (1965)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  652. Kempmann, G., Schaumann, H.-J., Hoppenrath, H.: Die Verkalkung des linken Vorhofs bei Mitralfehlern. Fortschr. Röntg. 122, 42 (1975)Google Scholar
  653. Kendall, M. E., Walston, A., Cobb, F. R., Greenfield, J. C.: Pressure-flow studies in man: Effect of atrial systole on ventricular function in mitral stenosis. J. clin. Invest. 50, 2653 (1971)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  654. Kennedy, J. W., Twiss, R. D., Blackmon, J. R., Dodge, H. T.: Quantitative angiocardiography: Relationships of left ventricular pressure volume and mass in aortic valve disease. Circulation 38, 838 (1968)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  655. Kennedy, J. W., Yarnall, S. R., Murray, J. A., Figley, M. M.: Quantitative angiocardiography. Relationship of left atrial and ventricular pressure and volume in mitral valve disease. Circulation 41, 817 (1970)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  656. Kerber, R. E., Isaeff, D. M., Hancock, E. W.: Echocardiographic patterns in patients with the syndrome of systolic click and late systolic murmur. New Engl. J. Med. 284, 691 (1971)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  657. Kerley, P.: Radiology in heart disease. Brit. med. J. 1933/II, 594Google Scholar
  658. Kerth, W. J., Sharma, G., Hill, J. D., Gerbode, F.: A comparison of the late results of replacement and of reconstruction procedures for acquired mitral valve disease. J. thorac. cardiovasc. Surg. 61, 14 (1971)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  659. Kesteloot, H., van Houte, O.: On the origin of the telesystolic murmur precedet by a click. Act. cardiol. (Brüx.) 20, 197 (1965)Google Scholar
  660. Keys, I. R., Swan, H. I., Wood, E.H.: Dye dilution curves from systemic arteries and left atrium of patients with valvular heart disease. Mayo Clin. Proc. 31, 105 (1956)Google Scholar
  661. Khalaf, J. D., Chapman, C. B., Ernst, R.: The cinefluorographic approach to the diagnosis of mitral regurgitation. Progr. cardiovasc. Diss 5, 230 (1962)Google Scholar
  662. Khicha, G. J., Berroya, R. B., Escano, F. B., Lee, C. S.: Mucomycosis in a mitral prosthesis. J. thorac. cardiovasc. Surg. 63, 903 (1972)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  663. Kiefer, H., Büchner, C., Reindell, H., Steim,H.: Koronarangiographische Befunde bei Aortenstenose und Aortenisthmusstenose. (Korrelation zu anderen Untersuchungsergebnissen.) Z. Kreisl.- Forsch. 56, 691 (1967)Google Scholar
  664. Killebrew, E., Cohn, K.: Observations on murmurs originating from incompetent heterograft mitral valves. Amer. Heart J. 81, 490 (1971)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  665. Killip, T., Lukas, D. S.: Tricuspid stenosis. Clinical features in twelve cases. Amer. J. Med. 24, 836 (1958)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  666. King, T. W.: An essay on the safety valve function in the right ventricle of the human heart and on gradations of this function in the circulation of warm blooded animals. Guy’s Hosp. Rep. 2, 104 (1837)Google Scholar
  667. Kirklin, J. W., Pacifico, A. D.: Surgery for acquired valvular disease II. New Engl. J. Med. 288, 194 (1973)Google Scholar
  668. Kirklin, J. W., Wallace, R. B.: Surgical treatment of acquired valvular heart disease. In: The Heart (J. W. Hurst, R. B. Logue, Eds.). New York: McGraw-Hill 1970 S. 893Google Scholar
  669. Kitchin, A., Turner, R.: Diagnosis and treatment of tricuspid stenosis. Brit. Heart J. 26, 354 (1964)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  670. Kitchin, A., Turner, R.: Calcification of the mitral valve. Results of valvotomy in 100 cases. Brit. Heart J. 29, 137 (1967)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  671. Kittredge, R. D, McCord, C. W.: Roentgenographie diagnosis of complications in heart valve replacements. Amer. J. Roentgenol. 107, 392 (1969)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  672. Kjellberg, S. R., Mannheimer, E., Rudhe, U., Jonsson, B.: Diagnosis of congenital heart disease. Chicago: Year Book Publ. 1959Google Scholar
  673. Kjellberg, S. R., Nordenström, B., Rudhe, U., Björk, Y. O., Malmström, G.: Cardioangio- graphic studies of the mitral and aortic valve. Acta radiol. (Stockh.), Suppl. 204(1961)Google Scholar
  674. Klatte, E. C., Tampas, J. P., Campbell, J. A., Lurie, P. R.: The roentgenographie manifestations of aortic stenosis and aortic valvular insuf- fiency. Amer. J. Roentgenol. 88, 57 (1962)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  675. Klein, W.: Phonokardiographische Diagnostik bei Patienten mit prothetischem Ersatz der Mitralklappe. Yergleichsuntersuchung von Kugel- und Diskusklappen. Z. Kreisl.-Forsch. 58, 556 (1969)Google Scholar
  676. Klein, W.: Zur quantitativen Mitralstenosediagno- stik aus dem Ultraschallechokardiogramm. Z. Kreisl.-Forsch. 58, 972 (1969)Google Scholar
  677. Klein, W., Müller, F.: Das Ultraschallkardiogramm in der Diagnostik der reinen Mitralinsuffizienz und des Insuffizienzanteiles kombinierter Mitralvitien. Z. Kreisl.-Forsch. 57, 564 (1968)Google Scholar
  678. Klinner, W.: Die plastische Rekonstruktion der in- suffizienten Mitralklappe. Thoraxchirurgie 16, 563 (1968)Google Scholar
  679. Klinner, W.: Herzklappenersatz: Stand der chirurgischen Technik und ihre Ergebnisse bei Verwendung von Kunststoffprothesen. Verh. dtsch. Ges. Kreisl.-Forsch. 86, 11 (1970)Google Scholar
  680. Klinner, W., Borst, H. G., Sebening F., Schaudig, A., Seidel, W., Schmidt-Habelmann, P., Meisner, H., Struck, E., Dragojevic, D., Oelert, H., Bühlmeyer, K., Rudolph, W.: Chirurgie am offenen Herzen. Forum Cardiologicum. Mannheim: Boehringer 1968Google Scholar
  681. Klos, I.: Spontanruptur der Arteria pulmonalis bei Mitralstenose. Z. Kreisl.-Forsch. 58, 860 (1969)Google Scholar
  682. Kloster, F. E., Bristow, J. D., Griswald, H. E.: Cardiac output determination from precordial isotope-dilution curves during exercise. J. appl. Physiol. 26, 465 (1969)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  683. Klughaupt, M., Flamm, M. D., Hancock, E. W., Harrison, D. C.: Nonrheumatic mitral insufficiency. Determination of operability and prognosis. Circulation 39, 307 (1969)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  684. Knipping, H. W., Bot, W., Valentin, H., Venrath, H.: Untersuchung und Beurteilung des Herzkranken, 2. Aufl. Stuttgart: Enke 1960Google Scholar
  685. Knoebel, S. B., McHenry, P. L.: Myocardial blood flow. Measurement by a coincidence counting system and single bolus of 84 Rb. Arch, intern. Med. 127, 767 (1971)Google Scholar
  686. Köhler, J. A., Lang, E., Schmidt, J.: Funktionelle Röntgenanatomie des künstlichen Aorten- und Mitralventils. Verh. dtsch. Ges. Kreisl.-Forsch. 31, 260 (1965)Google Scholar
  687. Korner, P. I., Shillingford, I. P.: The quantitative estimation of valvular incompetence by dye dilua- tion curves. Clin. Sei. 14, 553 (1955)Google Scholar
  688. Kostis, J. B., Moghadam, A. N.: Echocardiographic diagnosis of left atrial myxoma. Chest 58, 550 (1970)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  689. Köttgen, U., Callensee, W.: Statistische Untersuchungen zum kindlichen Rheumatismus. — Der Rheumatismus, Bd. 34. Darmstadt: Steinkopff 1959Google Scholar
  690. Kreitmann, P, Camous, J. P., Schmitt, R., Marmet, B., Dor, V.: Résultats à moyenne échéance des commissurotomies et plasties mitrales à ciel ouvert. A propos de 50 cas Arch. Mal. Cœur 69, 1261—1264 (1976)Google Scholar
  691. Kremkau, E. L., Gilbertson, P. G., Bristow, J. D.: Acquired nonrheumatic mitral regurgitation: Clinical management with emphasis on evaluation of myocardial performance. Progr. eardio- vasc. Dis. 15, 403 (1973)Google Scholar
  692. Krishnamurthy, G. T., Srinivasan, N. V., Blahd, W. H.: Pulmonary hypertension in acquired valvular cardiac disease: Evaluation by a scintillation camera technique. J. nucl. Med. 13,604 (1972)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  693. Kriss, J. P., Enright, L. P., Hayden, W. G., Wexler, L., Shumway, N. E.: Radioisotopic angiocardiography. Wide scope of applicability in diagnosis and evaluation of therapy in disease of the heart and great vessels. Circulation 43, 792 (1971)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  694. Kübler, W., Loogen, F., Vieten, H.: Röntgenologische Aspekte erworbener Herzklappenfehler. Radiologe 12, 121 (1972)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  695. Kuhn, H., Breithardt, L. K., Breithardt, G., Seipel, L., Loogen, F.: Die Bedeutung des Elektrokardiogramms für die Diagnose und Verlaufsbeobachtung von Patienten mit kongestiver Kardiomyopathie. Z. Kardiol. 63, 916 (1974)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  696. Külbs, F.: Erkrankungen der Zirkulationsorgane. In: Handbuch der inneren Medizin (L.Mohr, R. Staehelin, Hrsg.). Berlin: Springer 1914Google Scholar
  697. Kunar, S., Luisada, A. A.: Mechanism of changes in the second heart sound in aortic stenosis. Amer. J. Cardiol. 28, 162 (1971)Google Scholar
  698. Kunkel, H. G., Tan, E. M.: Autoantibodies and disease. In: Advances in Immunology F. J. Dixon, J. H. Humphrey, Eds.), p. 351. New York: Academic Press 1964Google Scholar
  699. Lacy, W. W., Goodson, W. M., Wheeler, W. G., Newman, E. Y.: Theoretical and practical requirements for the valid measurement by indicator- dilution of regurgitant flow across incompetent valves. Circulät. Res. 7, 454 (1959)Google Scholar
  700. Laennec, R. T. H.: De l’auscultation médiate, mi traité du diagnostic des maladies des poumons et du cœur, fondé principalement sur ce nouveau moyen d’exploration. Paris: Brosson et Chaudé 1819Google Scholar
  701. Lagerlöf, H., Werkô, L.: Studies of the circulation in man. VI. The pulmonary capillary venous pulse pressure in man. Scand. J. clin. Lab. Invest. 1, 147 (1949)Google Scholar
  702. Lakier, J. B., Pocock, W. A., Gale, G. E., Barlow, J. B.: Haemodynamic and sound events preceding first heart sound in mitral stenosis. Brit. Heart J. 84, 1152 (1972)Google Scholar
  703. Lambrew, C. T., Goldsmith, E. I.: Tricuspid stenosis. Surg. Clin. N. Amer. 41, 477 (1961)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  704. Lancisi, J. M.: De motu cordis et aneurysmatibus. Rom 1728Google Scholar
  705. Laneve, S. A., Uesu, C. T., Taguchi, J. T.: Isolated pulmonic valvular regurgitation. Amer. J. med. Sei. 244, 446 (1962)Google Scholar
  706. Lange, J., Mündt, E.: Die rechtsseitige Endocarditis des normal entwickelten Herzens. Arch. klin. Med. 201, 476 (1954)Google Scholar
  707. Lange, R. L., Hecht, H. H.: Quantitation of valvular regurgitation from multiple indicator-dilution curves. Circulation 18, 623 (1958)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  708. Lansing, A. M.: Unusual radiologic sign of loose mitral valve prosthesis. Radiology 88, 789 (1967)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  709. Lansing, A.M., Massih, N., Leight, L.: Mitral regurgitation and intramyocardial injection from the left heart catheterization. Amer. Heart J. 71, 495 (1966)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  710. Laubry, C., Pezzi, C.: Les rhythmes de galop. Paris: G. Doin (1926)Google Scholar
  711. Laurie, H. C.: Mitral valve disease and hypertension. Scot. med. J. 13, 152 (1968)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  712. Lavender, J. P., Doppman, J., Shawdon, H., Steiner, R. E.: Pulmonary veins in left ventricular failure and mitral stenosis. Brit. J. Radiol. 35, 293 (1962)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  713. Layton, C., Gent, G., Pridie, R., McDonald, A., Brigden, W.: Diastolic closure rate of normal mitral valve. Brit. Heart J. 35, 1066 (1973)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  714. Leatham, A.: Systolic murmurs. Circulation 17, 601 (1958)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  715. Leb, G.: Die Bestimmung der effektiven Myokard- durchblutung mit Rubidium-84-chlorid und der Doppelkoinzidenzmethode. Wien. Z. inn. Med. 51, 179 (1970)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  716. Lee, S. J. K., Jonsson, B., Bevegärd, S., Karlöf, I., Aström, H.: Hemodynamic changes at rest and during exercise in patients with aortic stenosis of varying severity. Amer. Heart J. 79, 318 (1970a)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  717. Lee, S. J. K., Zaragoza, A. J., Callaghan, J. C., Couves, C. M., Sterns, L. P.: Malfunction of the mitral valve prosthesis (Cutter-Smeloff). Clinical and hemodynamic observations in three cases. Circulation 41, 479 (1970b)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  718. Lee, S. J. K., Barr, C., Callaghan, J. C., Ross all, R. E.: Long-term survival after aortic valve replacement using Smeloff-Cutter prosthesis. Circulation 52, 1132—1137 (1975)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  719. Lehman, J. S., Boyle, J. J., Debbas, J. N.: Quantitation of aortic valvular insufficiency by catheter thoracic aortography. Radiology 79, 361 (1962)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  720. Leighton, R. F., Page, W. L., Goodwin, R. S., Molnar, W., Wooley, C. F., Ryan, J. M.: Mild mitral regurgitation. Its characterization by intracardiac phonocardiography and pharmacologic responses. Amer. J. Med. 41, 168 (1966)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  721. Lendrum, A. C., Scott, L. D. W., Park, S. D.: Pulmonary changes due to cardiac disease with special reference to hemosiderosis. Quart. J. Med. 19, 249 (1950)Google Scholar
  722. Léon, D. F., Léonard, J. J., Lancaster, J. F., Kroetz, F. W., Shaver, J. A.: Effects of respiration on pansystolic regurgitant murmurs as studied by intracardiac phonocardiography. Amer. J. Med. 39, 429 (1965)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  723. Lequime, J., Denolin, H., Courtoy, P., Kenis, J.: La dynamique circulatoire au cours de la sténose mitrale. Etude physio-pathologique. Acta cardiol. (Brux.) 8, 353 (1953)Google Scholar
  724. Levin, B.: On the recognition and significance of pleural lymphatic dilatation. Amer. Heart J. 49, 521 (1955)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  725. Levin, H. S., Runco, Y., Wooley, C. F., Ryan, J. M.: Pulmonic regurgitation following staphylococcal endocarditis. An intracardiac phonocardio- graphic study. Circulation 30, 411 (1964)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  726. Levin, S., Balagtas, R., Susmano, A., Edwards,L., Dainauskas, J.: Meningococcus endocarditis at the site of Starr-Edwards mitral prosthesis. Arch, intern. Med. 129, 963 (1972)Google Scholar
  727. Levine, F. H., Copeland, J. G., Morrow, A. G.: Prosthetic replacement of the mitral valve. Continuing assessment of the 100 patients operated upon during 1961—1965. Circulation 47, 518 (1973)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  728. Levine, H. J., McIntyre, K. M., Lip ana, J. G., Bing, O. H. L.: Force-velocity relations in failing and nonfailing hearts of subjects with aortic stenosis. Amer. J. med. Sci. 259, 79 (1970)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  729. Levine, N. D., Rockoff, S. D., Braunwald, E.: An angiocardiographic analysis of the thickness of the left ventricular wall and cavity in aortic stenosis and other valvular lesions. Circulation 28, 339 (1963)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  730. Levine, S. A.: Clinical heart disease. Philadelphia 1951Google Scholar
  731. Le Vinson, G. E., Frank, M. J., Schwartz, C. J.: The effect of rest and physical effort on the left ventricular burden in mitral and aortic regurgitation. Amer. Heart J. 80, 791 (1970)Google Scholar
  732. Levinson, G. E., Stein, S. W., Carleton, R. A., Abelman, W. H.: Measurement of mitral regurgitation in man from simultaneous atrial and arterial dilution curves after ventricular injection. Circulation 24, 720 (1961)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  733. Levinson, J. P., Kincaid, O. W.: Myxoma of the right atrium associated with polycythemia. Report of successful excision. New Engl. J. Med. 264, 1187 (1961)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  734. Levy, M. J., Edwards, J. E.: Anatomy of mitral insufficiency. Progr. cardiovasc. Dis. 4, 119 (1962/ 63)Google Scholar
  735. Levy, M. J., Siegel, D. L., Wang, Y., Edwards, J. E.: Rupture of the aortic valve secondary to aneurysm of the ascending aorta. Circulation 27, 422 (1963)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  736. Lewis, M. G.: Idiopathic medionecrosis causing aorta insufficiency. Brit. med. J. 1965/1, 1478PubMedGoogle Scholar
  737. Lewis, R. P., Bristow, J. D., Griswold, H. E.: Exercise hemodynamics in aortic regurgitation. Amer. Heart J. 80, 171 (1970)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  738. Lewis, R. P., Bristow, J. D., Griswold, H. E.: Radiographic heart size and left ventricular volume in aortic valve disease. Amer. J. Cardiol. 27, 250 (1971)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  739. Lewis, T.: Diseases of the heart. London: MacMillan 1933Google Scholar
  740. Libanoee, A. J.: A hemodynamic measure of aortic regurgitation. Half-time of the rate of fall in aortic pressure during diastole. Cardiologia (Basel) 58, 162 (1973)Google Scholar
  741. Libman, E.: Characterization of various forms of endocarditis. J. Amer. med. Ass. 80, 813 (1923)Google Scholar
  742. Liedtke, A. J., Gentzler, R. D., Babb, J. D., Hunter, A. S., Gault, J. H.: Determinants of cardiac performance in severe aortic stenosis. Chest 69, 192 (1976)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  743. Liese, G. J., Brainard, S. C., Goto, U.: Giant blood cyst of the pulmonary valve: report of a case. New Engl. J. Med. 269, 465 (1963)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  744. Linder, F., Schmitz, W., Trede, M., Wolter, H. H.: Bivalvulärer Herzklappenersatz bei kombinierten Mitral - Aortenfehlern. Münch. Med. Wschr. 107, 749 (1965)Google Scholar
  745. Linhart, J. W.: Hemodynamic consequences of pacing-induced changes in heart rate in valvular aortic stenosis. Circulation 45, 300 (1972)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  746. Linhart, J. W., Hildner, F. J., Samet, P.: Diastolic mitral regurgitation: A pitfall in the angiographic assessment of the mitral valve. Amer. Heart J. 81, 439 (1971)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  747. Linhart, J. W., Taylor, W. J.: The late apical systolic murmur. Clinical, hemodynamic and angiographic observations. Amer. J. Cardiol. 18, 164 (1966)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  748. Linhart, J. W., Wheat, M. W.: Cineangiographic studies in patients with Starr-Edwards aortic valves. Circulation 85, 343 (1966)Google Scholar
  749. Linhart, J. W., Wheat, M. W.: Myocardial dysfunction following aortic valve replacement. The significance of coronary artery disease. J. thorac. cardiovasc. Surg. 54, 259 (1967)Google Scholar
  750. Linzbach, A. J.: Umbauvorgänge des Herzens bei Belastung durch Herzfehler. Verh. dtsch. Ges. inn. Med. 67, 8 (1961)Google Scholar
  751. Lipchik, E. O.: Carcinoid heart disease. N. Y. med. J. 64, 2314 (1964)Google Scholar
  752. Lipchik, E. O., Schreiner, B. F., Murphy, G. W., deWeese, J. A.: Angiographie evaluation of mitral valve stenosis. Use in selection of surgical approach. Radiology 86, 839 (1966)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  753. Lisa, C. P., Tavel, M. E.: Tricuspid stenosis. Graphic features which help in its diagnosis. Chest 61, 291 (1972)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  754. Little, R. C.: The cardiodynamics of tricuspid insufficiency. Proc. Soc. exp. Biol. (N.Y.) 68, 602 (1948)Google Scholar
  755. Little, R. C.: Effect of atrial systole on ventricular pressure and closure of A-V valves. Amer. J. Physiol. 166, 289 (1951)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  756. Littler, W. A., Epstein, E. J., Coulshed, N.: Acute mitral regurgitation resulting from ruptured or elongated chordae tendineae. Quart. J. Med. 42, 87 (1973)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  757. Littler, W. A., Meade, J. B., Hamilton, D.I.: Acquired pulmonary stenosis. Thorax 25, 465 (1970)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  758. Liu, S.-M., Alexander, C. S.: Complete heart block and aortic insufficiency in rheumatoid spondylitis. Amer. J. Cardiol. 28, 888 (1969)Google Scholar
  759. Liu, S. M., Sako, Y., Alexander, C. S.: Traumatic tricuspid insufficiency. Amer. J. Cardiol. 26, 200 (1970)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  760. Livierato, S.: Sur les lésions traumatiques des valvules du cœur Arch. Mal. Cœur 26, 298 (1933)Google Scholar
  761. Lochaya, S., Igarashi, M., Shaffer, A. B.: Late diastolic mitral regurgitation secondary to aortic regurgitation: Its relationship to the Austin Flint murmur. Amer. Heart J. 74, 161 (1967)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  762. Loew, D. E., Harken, D. E., Ellis, L. B.: Valvular heart disease. Undiagnosed valvular involvement, concomitant coronary artery disease and systemic embolization. Amer. J. Cardiol. 30, 222 (1972)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  763. Logan, A., Turner, R.: Mitral stenosis. Lancet 1953/1, 1007PubMedGoogle Scholar
  764. Logan, A., Turner, R. W. D., Kitchin, A. H.: Surgical treatment of mitral incompetence. Brit. Heart J. 29, 1 (1967)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  765. Lohr, H. H., Gremmel, H., Loogen, F., Vieten,H.: Darstellung der Herzhöhlen, der Gefäßlumina und des Blutstromes In: Handbuch der medizinischen Radiologie, Bd. X, Teil 1, S. 314. Berlin-Hei- delberg-New York: Springer 1969Google Scholar
  766. London, S. B., London, R. E.: Production of aortic regurgitation by unperforated aneurysm of the sinus of Valsalva. Circulation 24, 1403 (1961)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  767. Loogen, F.: Die Röntgendiagnostik der Aortenfehler. Radiologe 1, 19 (1961) Loogen, F.: Restenosierung nach Mitralstenoseoperation. Thoraxchirurgie 10, 180 (1962a)Google Scholar
  768. Loogen, F.: Symptomatische Pulmonalstenose. Verh. dtsch. Ges. Kreisl.-Forsch. 28, 326 (1962b)Google Scholar
  769. Loogen, F.: Diagnostische Synopsis und Operationsindikation der Jlerzklappeninsuffizienz. Verh. dtsch. Ges. Kreisl.-Forsch. 31, 215 (1965)Google Scholar
  770. Loogen, F.: Rekonstruktion der Mitralklappe. Thoraxchirurgie 16, 563 (1968)Google Scholar
  771. Loogen, F.: Indikation zum Herzklappenersatz. Verh. dtsch. Ges. Kreisl.-Forsch. 36, 1 (1970)Google Scholar
  772. Loogen, F.: Röntgenologische Aspekte erworbener Herzklappenfehler. Dtsch. Röntgenkongr. 52, 9 (1971)Google Scholar
  773. Loogen, F.: Erworbene Herzklappenfehler. Diagnostik und Klinik. Therapiewoche 23, 1 (1973)Google Scholar
  774. Loogen, F., Bayer, O., Wolter, H. H., Schaub, W.: Zur Pathophysiologie der Mitralstenose. II. Mitteilung: Vergleichende klinische und hämo- dynamische Befunde bei 200 Patienten mit reiner oder überwiegender Mitralstenose. Areh. Kreisl.- Forsch. 24, 45 (1956)Google Scholar
  775. Loogen, F., Bostroem, B., Gleichmann, U., Kreuzer, H.: Aortenstenose und Aorteninsuffizienz. Forum Cardiol. (Boehringer) 12(1969)Google Scholar
  776. Loogen, F., Bostroem, B., Karytsiotis, J., Kreuzer, H., Varvitsiotis, T.: Spätergebnisse von Pulmonalstenosen ohne Ventrikelseptumdefekt. Z. Kreisl.-Forsch. 53, 164 (1964)Google Scholar
  777. Loogen, F., Bostroem, B., Kreuzer, H.: Erfahrungen und Beobachtungen bei der transkutanen Punktion des linken Ventrikels mit Kontrastmittelinjektion. Z. Kreisl.-Forsch. 52, 17 (1963)Google Scholar
  778. Loogen, F., Bostroem, B., Kreuzer, H., Augath, D.: Zur Hämodynamik der Aorteninsuffizienz in der Diastole. (Zugleich ein Beitrag zur Entstehung des sog. Austin-Flint-Geräusches). Z. Kreisl.-Forsch. 54, 406 (1965)Google Scholar
  779. Loogen, F., Krelhaus, W., Seipel, L.: Kardial bedingte Bewußtseinsverluste. Med. Welt (N. F.) 26, 432 (1975)Google Scholar
  780. Loogen, F., Kreuzer, H.: Isolierte Pulmonalklap- peninsuffizienz. Z. Kreisl.-Forsch. 53, 1102 (1964)Google Scholar
  781. Loogen, F., Lüdemann, U., Seipel, L.: Langzeitergebnisse nach Mitralkommissurotomie. Z. Kreisl.- Forsch 60, 487 (1971)Google Scholar
  782. Loogen, F., Maurer, W., Seipel, L., Wilke, K. H.: Zur Bedeutung des spätsystolischen Geräusches über der Herzspitze. Dtsch. med. J. 21, 669 (1970)Google Scholar
  783. Loogen, F., Panayotopoylos, S.: Vorhofflimmern und Mitralfehler. Dtsch. med. Wschr. 88, 19 (1963)Google Scholar
  784. Loogen, F., Rippert, R., Vieten, H.: Angeborene Herz- und Gefäßfehler. Handb. Mediz. Radiologie Bd. X/4 (1967), 40Google Scholar
  785. Loogen, F., Risler, T., Seipel, L.: Zur Frage der Embolieprophylaxe bei Mitralvitien mit Antikoagulantien. Dtsch. med. Wschr. 97, 1845 (1972)Google Scholar
  786. Loogen, F., Schaub, W.: Zur Klinik und Hämodynamik der Trikuspidalstenose. Dtsch. med. Wschr. 84, 409 (1959)Google Scholar
  787. Loogen, F., Seipel, L.: Zur prä- und postoperativen Emboliehäufigkeit bei Mitralstenose. Dtsch. med. Wschr. 92, 1 (1967)Google Scholar
  788. Love, W. D., Smith, R. O., Pully, P. E.: Mapping myocardial mass and regional coronary blood flow by external monitoring of 42K and 96Rb clearence. J. nucl. Med. 10, 702 (1969)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  789. Lowther, C. P., Turner, R. W. D.: Deterioration after mitral vavotomy. Brit. med. J. 1962/1, 1002 u. 1027Google Scholar
  790. Lucardie, S. M., Durrer, D.: The late systolic mur- mur. Arch. Kreisl.-Forsch. 53, 174 (1967)Google Scholar
  791. Luckmann, E., Hein, N., Kalmar, P., Rodewald, Rödiger, W.: Mitralinsuffizienz nach Klappenersatz durch autologe Fascia lata Klappe. Z. Kar- diol. 62, 389 (1973)Google Scholar
  792. Lüthy, E.: Die Hämodynamik des suffizienten und insuffizienten rechten Herzens. Basel: Karger 1962Google Scholar
  793. Lüthy, E., Kutscha, W., Rutishauser, W., Schau, D., Wirz, P.: Zur Pulmonalklappeninsuffizienz. Arch. Kreisl.-Forsch. 46, 59 (1965a)Google Scholar
  794. Lüthy, E., Rutishauser, W., Schau, H. D., Vera- guth, U. P., Gander,M.: Farbstoff-und Kälteteste in der Diagnostik der Herzklappeninsuffizienz. Verh. dtsch. Ges. Kreisl.-Forsch. 31, 207 (1965b)Google Scholar
  795. Luisada, A. A.: Internal and external phonocardiography. Mitral stenosis, pulmonary hypertension, pulmonary and tricuspid insufficiency. Dis. Chest. 54, 63 (1968)Google Scholar
  796. Luisada, A.A., Fleischner, F. G.: Dynamics of the left auricle in mitral valve lesions. Fluoro- cardiographic study. Amer. J. Med. 4, 791 (1948)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  797. Luisada, A. A., Shah, P. M.: Controversial and changing aspects of auscultation. I. Areas of auscultation: A new concept. Amer. J. Cardiol. 11, 774 (1963)Google Scholar
  798. Luomanmaeki, K., Heikilae, J.: Estimation of the severity of aortic incompetence from prolongation of the left ventricular ejection time. Acta med. scand. 188, 107 (1970)Google Scholar
  799. Lutembacher, R.: Le rétréssissement mitral. Paris 1950Google Scholar
  800. Luther, M., Czempiel, H., Ernst, M.: Die Perfu- sionsszintigraphie der Lungen in der Diagnostik von Herzfehlern. Teil 1: Mitralvitien. Med. Klin. 68, 441 (1973)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  801. Luther, M., Rastetter, J.: Hämolyse nach Implantation künstlicher Herzklappen. Z. Kardiol. 62, 606 (1973)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  802. Lux ere au, P., Vasile, N., Lellouche, D., Agar, J.: Coronarographie et valvulopathies. Indications et résultats. Arch. Mal. Cœur 65, 1299 (1972)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  803. Lyle, D. P., Bancroft, W. H., Tucker, M., Eddle- man, E. E.: Slopes of the carotid pulse wave in normal subjects, aortic valvular diseases, and hypertrophic subaortic stenosis. Circulation 43, 374 (1971)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  804. Lyngborg, K., Lindeneg, O., Mellemgaard, K.: Neue quantitative Methode zur Bestimmung mitraler Regurgitation durch kontinuierliche Infusion eines indifferenten Gases (Kr85) in wäßriger Lösung. Verh. dtsch. Ges. Kreisl.-Forsch. 31, 285 (1965)Google Scholar
  805. Lyons, H. A., Kelly jr, J. J, Nusbaum, N., Dennis, C.: Right atrial myxoma. A clinical study of a patient in whom diagnosis was made by angiocardiography during life (surgical removed) Amer. J. Med. 25, 321 (1958)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  806. Machanda, S. C., Ramesh, L., Roy, S. B.: Haemo-dynamic effects of atrial pacing in rheumatic mitral stenosis. Brit. Heart J.36, 636 (1974)Google Scholar
  807. Mackenzie, J.: Diseases of the heart. London: Oxford Univ. Press 1910Google Scholar
  808. Mackenzie, J.: Principles of diagnosis and treatment of heart affections. London: Oxford Med. Publ. 1916Google Scholar
  809. Magarey, F. R.: Pathogenesis of mitral stenosis. Brit. med. J. 1951/I, 856Google Scholar
  810. Magida, M. G., Streitfeld, F. H.: The natural history of rheumatic heart disease in the third, fourth, and fifth decades of life. Circulation 16, 713 (1957)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  811. Mahler, F., Hirzel, H., Bollinger, A., Schönbeck, M., Rutishauser, W.: Transkutane Registrierung der Strömungsgeschwindigkeit in der Vena jugu- laris mit Doppler-Strömungsdetektoren. Verh. dtsch. Ges. Kreisl.-Forsch.37, 377 (1971)Google Scholar
  812. Mahringer, W., Hausen, W. J.: Ultrasound cardiogram in patients with mitral valve disc prostheses. Angiology21, 336 (1970)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  813. Malcolm, A. D., Ahuja, S. P., Chamberlain, M. J.: Malfunction of tricuspid valve prosthesis shown by isotope angiocardiography. J. thorac. cardiovasc. Surg. 71, 134 (1976)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  814. Malers, E.: Selective left ventricular angiocardiography in the diagnosis of mitral insufficiency. Acta Soc. Med. upsalien 68, 245 (1963)Google Scholar
  815. Maloney, J. V., Cooper, N., Mulder, D. J., Buck- berg, G. D.: Depressed cardiac performance after mitral valve replacement: A problem of myocardial preservation during operation. Circulation, Suppl.52/1, 3 (1975)Google Scholar
  816. Manchester, J. H., Herman, M. V., Kemp, H. G., Amsterdam, E. A., Gorlin, R.: Prevalence of coronary atherosklerosis in valvular heart disease. Amer. J. med. Sci. 268, 445 (1972)Google Scholar
  817. Manhas, D. R., Hessel, E. A., Winterscheid, L. C., Dellard, D. H., Merendino, K. A.: Repair of mitral incompetence secondary to ruptured chordae tendineae. Circulation 48, 688 (1971)Google Scholar
  818. Marchand, P., Barlow, J. B., DuPlessis, L. A., Webster, I.: Mitral regurgitation with rupture of normal chordae tendineae. Brit. Heart J. 28, 746 (1966)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  819. Marious, L., Oedman, P.: Electrokymographic studies in aortic stenosis. Acta radiol. (Stockh.) 52, 379 (1959)Google Scholar
  820. Markowitz, M.: Eradication of rheumatic fever. An unfulfilled hope. Circulation 41, 1077 (1970)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  821. Markus, F. I., Ronan, J., Misanik, L. F., Ewy, G. A.: Aortic insufficiency secondary to spontaneous rupture of a fenestrated leaflet. Amer. Heart J. 66, 675 (1963)Google Scholar
  822. Maron, B. J., Ferrans, Y. J., Roberts, W. C.: Myocardial ultrastructure in patients with chronic aortic valve disease. Amer. J. Cardiol. 35, 725 (1975)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  823. Marshall, H. W., Woodward, E., Wood, E. H.: Hemodynamic methods for differentiation of mitral stenosis and regurgitation. Amer. J. Cardiol. 2, 24 (1958)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  824. Marshall, R. J., Jones, J. E.: Isolated pulmonary valvular regurgitation complicated by thyrotoxicosis. Brit. Heart J. 26, 572 (1964)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  825. Martin, C. E., Huenagel, C. A., de Leon jr., A.C.: Calcified atrial myxoma: Diagnostic significance of the “systolic tumor sound” in a case presenting as tricuspid insufficiency. Amer. Heart J. 78, 245 (1969)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  826. Martinez, E. C., Gilles, T. D., Burch, G. E.: Echocardiography diagnosis of left atrial myxoma. Amer. J. Cardiol. 33, 281 (1974)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  827. Martland, H. S.: Syphilis of aorta and heart. Amer. Heart J. 6, 1 (1930)Google Scholar
  828. Marvin, R. F., Schrank, H. P., Nolan, S. P.: Traumatic tricuspid insufficiency. Amer. J. Cardiol. 32, 723 (1973)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  829. Mary, D. A. S., Pakrashi, B. C., Wooler, G. H., Ionescu, M. I.: Study with reflected ultrasound of patients with mitral valve repair. Brit. Heart J. 35, 480 (1973)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  830. Mason, D. T., Ashburn, W. L., Harbert, J. C., Cohen, L. S., Braunwald, E.: Rapid sequential visualisation of the heart and great vessels in man using wide-field scintillation camera, radioisotope- angiography following the injection of Techne- tium-99m. Circulation 39, 19 (1969)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  831. Massumi, R. A.: Factitious aortic regurgitation. Report of a case. Dis. Chest. 46, 734 (1964)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  832. Matin, P., Kriss, J. P.: Radioisotopic angiocardiography: Findings in mitral stenosis and mitral insufficiency. J. nucl. Med. 11, 723 (1970)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  833. Matsushita, S., Kuramochi, M., Kaneko, J., Kura- moto, K.: Right atrial myxoma mimicking pericarditis. Phonocardiographic and hemodynamic consequences of intracardiac tumor movement. Jap. Circulât. J. 32, 1283 (1968)Google Scholar
  834. Matteo di, J., Heulin, A.: Les aspects évolutifs de l’insuffisance mitrale rhumatismale pure. Ann. Cardiol. Angéiol. 23, 47 (1974)Google Scholar
  835. Matteo, J. di, Yacheron, A., Picard, R., Courau, F., Kellershohn, C., de Yernejoul, P., Mestan, J.: Etude radiocardiographique de la circulation pulmonaire dans les cardiopathies mitrales. C.R. Acad. Sci. (Paris) 268, 1972 (1969)Google Scholar
  836. Matthews, A. W., Barritt, D. W., Keen, G. E., Belsey, R. H.: Preoperative mortality in aortic stenosis. Brit. Heart J. 36, 101 (1974)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  837. Maurer, H. J., Koch, U., Augath, D.: Änderung der Herzgröße nach Operation einer Mitralstenose. Z. Kreisl.-Forsch. 58, 954 (1969)Google Scholar
  838. Maurer, H. J., Lohmeyer, R.: Röntgenuntersuchungen von Mitralfehlern unter besonderer Berücksichtigung von Klappenverkalkungen (I u. II). Herz Kreisl. 2, 387–421 (1970)Google Scholar
  839. Maurer, W., Bercks, W., Gleichmann, U., Loogen, F.: Mitralinsuffizienz nach prothetischem Mitral- klappenersatz. Z. Kreisl.-Forsch. 60, 600 (1971)Google Scholar
  840. Maurer, W., Mertens, H. M.: Mitralinsuffizienz bei Marfan-Syndrom. Yerh. dtsch. Ges. Kreisl.-Forsch. 36, 247 (1970)Google Scholar
  841. Mayow, J.: Tractatus Quinque (1674)Google Scholar
  842. McAfee, J. G., Bioudetti, P.: Roentgenologic follow-up on 150 consecutive mitral commissurotomy patients. Amer. J. Roentgenol. 78, 213 (1957)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  843. McAllister, R. G., Friesinger, G. C., Sinclair- Smith, B.C.: Tricuspid regurgitation following inferior myocardial infarction. Arch, intern. Med. 136, 95 (1976)Google Scholar
  844. McCall, B. W., Price, J. L.: Movement of mitral valve cusps in relation to first heart sound and opening snap in patients with mitral stenosis. Brit. Heart J. 29, 417 (1967)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  845. McClure, J. A., Lacy, W. W., Latimer, P., Newman, E.V.: Indicator dilution in an atrioventricular system with competent or incompetent valves: A complete analysis or the behavior of indicator injected instataneously or continuously into either chamber. Circulât. Res. 7, 794 (1959)Google Scholar
  846. McCord, M. C., Blount, S. J.: The hemodynamic pattern in tricuspid valve disease. Amer. Heart J. 44, 671 (1952)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  847. McCord, M. C., Swan, H., Blount, S. J.: Tricuspid stenosis: Clinical and physiological evaluation. Amer. Heart J. 48, 405 (1954)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  848. McCredie, M.: Measurement of pulmonary edema in valvular heart disease. Circulation 36, 381 (1967)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  849. McDonald, L.: Natural history and indications for surgery in aortic valvar disease. Proc. roy. Soc. Med. 60, 1015 (1967)Google Scholar
  850. McGinn, J. S., Zipes, D. P.: Constrictive pericarditis causing tricuspid stenosis. Arch. Intern. Med. 129, 487 (1972)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  851. McGoon, D. G, Ellis, Jr., F. H., Kirklin, J. W.: Late results of operation for acquired aortic valvular disease. Circulation Suppl. 81/1, 108 (1965)Google Scholar
  852. McGuire, J., McNamara, R. J.: Organic and relative insufficiency of the pulmonary valve. Amer. Heart J. 14, 562 (1937)Google Scholar
  853. McKusick, V. A.: The study of mitral regurgitation by roentgenkymography with observations on the movement of cardiac calcifications. Amer. J. Roentgenol. 71, 961 (1954)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  854. McKusick, V. A.: The cardiovascular aspects of Mar- fan’s syndrom: A heritable disorder of connective tissue. Circulation 11, 321 (1955)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  855. McLougiilin, M. J., Morch, J. E.: Cineangiography in mitral regurgitation. A comparison of cineangiography with other methods of assessment, particular constant infusion of 133Xenon. Invest. Radiol. 6, 416 (1971)Google Scholar
  856. McVaugh, H., Joyner, C. R.: Mitral insufficiency due to calcified myxoma. Treatment by resection and mitral annuloplasty. J. thorac. cardiovasc. Surg. 61, 287 (1971)Google Scholar
  857. Meadows, W. R., van Praagh, S., Indreika, M., Sharp, J. T.: Premature mitral valve closure. A hemodynamic explanation for absence of the first sound in aortic insufficiency. Circulation 28, 251 (1963)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  858. Medau, H. J., Wick, E., Strodter, D., Diedrich- son, W. B., Just, D., Mulch, J., Schoen, U.: Einmauerung eines Björk-Shiley-Ventiles in Mi- tralklappenposition durch Thromben. Intensivmedizin 12, 425 (1975)Google Scholar
  859. Meek, D. C., Paton, B., Blount, S. G.: Perforation of the normal mitral valve due to staphylococcic endocarditis. Report of a case with surgical correction. Amer. J. Cardiol. 17, 729 (1966)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  860. Meessen, H.: Aschoff’sche Knötchen in chirurgisch gewonnenen Herzohren, Zbl. allg. Path. path. Anat. 90, 403 (1953)Google Scholar
  861. Megahed, G. E., Senna, G. A.: Radiocardiographie formula for the calculation of the area of the stenotic mitral valve. J. nucl. Med. 8, 461 (1967)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  862. Meier, G., Reindell, H,: Die Stenosierung der Mitralklappe. Studienreihe Boehringer, Mannheim 1970Google Scholar
  863. Meisner, H., Struck, E., Sebening, F., Rudolph, W., Borst, H. G., Klinner, W., Zenker, R.: Ergebnisse nach Operationen schwerer Mitralklappenfehler am offenen Herzen. Münch, med. Wschr. 109, 1722 (1967)Google Scholar
  864. Mennel, R. G. Joyner Jr., C. R., Thompson, P.D., Pyle, R. R., MacVaugh, H.: The preoperative and operative assessment of aortic regurgitation. Cineaortography vs. electromagnetic flowmeter. Amer. J. Cardiol. 29, 361 (1972)Google Scholar
  865. Merin, G., Giuliani, E. R., Pluth, J. R., Wallace, R. B., Danielson, G. K.: Surgery for mitral valve incompetence after myocardial infarction. Amer. J. Cardiol. 32, 322 (1973)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  866. Mertens, H., Blosen, E., H upper, G.: Pulmonal- Insuffizienz als Folge einer isolierten bicuspidalen Pulmonalklappe. Med. Klin. 59, 1381 (1964)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  867. Messer, A. L., Hurst, J. W., Rappaport, M. B., Sprague, H. B.: A study of the venous pulse in tricuspid valve disease. Circulation 1, 388 (1950)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  868. Messmer, B. J., Hallman, G. L., Liotta, D., Martin, C., Cooley, D. A.: Aortic valve replacement: New techniques, hydrodynamics and clinical results. Surgery 68, 1026 (1970)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  869. Meszaros, W. T.: Lung changes in left heart failure. Circulation 47, 859 (1973)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  870. Metzger, C. C., Magovern, G. J., Leonard, J. J.: Ball variance in a sutureless mitral valve prosthesis. A report of two cases and a clue to early diagnosis. J. thorac. cardiovasc. Surg. 61, 699 (1971)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  871. Michel, D.: Auskultation und Phonokardiographie bei erworbenen Herzfehlern. Internist 6, 515 (1965)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  872. Mid ell, A. I., DeBoer, A.: Multiple valve replacement. An analysis of early and late results. Arch. Surg. 104, 471 (1972)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  873. Millan, S.: Tricuspid stenosis and pulmonary stenosis complicating carcinoid of the intestine with metastases to the liver. Amer. Heart J. 25, 391 (1941)Google Scholar
  874. Milledge, R. D., Shabetai, R., Menter, M. G.: Sub valvular mitral insufficiency: Roentgen aspects. Radiology 88, 784 (1967)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  875. Miller, G. A. H., Kirklin, J. W., Swan, H. J. C.: Myocardial function and left ventricular volumes in acquired valvular insufficiency. Circulation 31, 374 (1965)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  876. Moccetti, T., Albert, H., Bühlmann, A., Senning, A., Lichtlen, P.: Haemodynamics after mitral valvotomy. Reasons for unsatisfactory clinical results. Brit. Heart J. 34, 493 (1972)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  877. Mönckeberg, J. G.: Der normale histologische Bau und die Sklerose der Aortenklappen. Arch. path. Anat. 176, 472 (1904)Google Scholar
  878. Mond, H. G., Clarebrough, J. K., Dowling, J. T., Sloman, G., Westlake, G.: Entrapment of the metal ball in series 6310 and 2310 Starr-Edwards prosthetic valves. J. thorac. cardiovasc. Surg. 64, 186 (1972)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  879. Moore, C. B., Kraus, W. L., Dock, D. S., Woodward, E., Dexter, L.: The relation between pulmonary arterial pressure and roentgenographic appearance in mitral stenosis. Amer. Heart J. 58, 576 (1959)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  880. Morano, Ph., Laugier, J., Laine, J. L., Desbuquois G.,Raynaud, R.: Endocardite tricuspidienne calcifiée du nourisson. Arch. Mal. Cœur 66,901 (1973)Google Scholar
  881. Morch, J. E., Klein, S. W., Richardson, P., Frog- gatt, G., Schwartz, L., McLoughlin, M.: Mitral regurgitation measured by continuous infusion of 133Xenon. An evaluation of the method in 91 patients. Amer. J. Cardiol. 29, 812 (1972)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  882. Morch, J. E., Smith, H. J., McGregor, M.: Quantitation of mitral regurgitation by constant infusion of Xenon-133. Circulation 35, 501 (1967)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  883. Moreyra, E., Segal, B. L., Sheviada, H.: The murmurs of mitral regurgitation. Dis. Chest 55, 49 (1969)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  884. Morgagni, J. B.: De sedibus et causis morborum per anatomen indagatis. Libri V/23, 684 (1761)Google Scholar
  885. Morgan, J. J.: Hemodynamics one year following mitral valve replacement. Amer. J. Cardiol. 19, 189 (1967)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  886. Morgan, J. R., Forker, A. D.: Isolated tricuspid insufficiency. Circulation 43, 559 (1971)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  887. Morgan, J. R., Forker, A. D., Coates, J. R., Myers, W. S.: Isolated tricuspid stenosis. Circulation 44, 729 (1971)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  888. Morgans, C. M., Barritt, D. W., Belsey, R. H., Keen, G., Wensley, R.: Late results of aortic valve replacement with Starr-Edwards prosthesis. Brit. Heart J. 32, 812 (1970)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  889. Morl, H.: Kongenitale Aneurysmen des Sinus valsalvae aortae. Z. Kreisl.-Forsch. 54, 836 (1965)Google Scholar
  890. Morrissey, J. F., Campeti, F. L., Mahoney, E. B., Yu, P. N.: Right atrial myxoma. Report of two cases and review of literature. Amer. Heart J. 66, 4(1963)Google Scholar
  891. Morrow, A. G., Oldham, H. N., Elkins, R. C., Braunwald, E.: Prosthetic replacement of the mitral valve: Preoperative and postoperative clinical and hemodynamic assessment in 100 patients. Circulation 35, 962 (1967)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  892. Morton, R. F., Stern, T. N.: Isolated pulmonic valvular regurgitation. Circulation 14, 1069 (1956)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  893. Moscovitz, H. L., Wilder, R. J.: The pressure events of the cardiac cycle in the dog: aortic valve lesions. Amer. Heart J. 54, 572 (1957)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  894. Mulcahy, R.: The early descriptions of aortic incompetence. Brit. Heart J. 24, 633 (1962)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  895. Mulder, D. G., Mazzei, E. A., MacAlpin, R. N.: Ball-valve replacement for aortic valvular disease. A follow-up evaluation. J. thorac. cardio vase. Surg. 52, 76 (1966)Google Scholar
  896. Müller, C.: Aortic stenosis in the so-called rheumatic valvular disease in a postmortem material. Acta med. scand. 156, 241 (1957)Google Scholar
  897. Müller, Q., Shillingford, J.: Tricuspid incompetence. Brit. Heart J. 16, 195 (1954)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  898. Müller, O., Shillingford, J.: The blood flow in the right atrium and superior vena cava in tricuspid incompetence. Brit. Heart J. 17, 163 (1955)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  899. Müller, S., Richter, G.: Frühdiagnostik der Mitralstenose. Z. ärztl. Fortbild. 62, 367 (1968)Google Scholar
  900. Mullin, E. M., Glancy, D. L., Higgs, L. M., Epstein, S. E., Morrow, A. G.: Current results of operation for mitral stenosis: Clinical and hemodynamic assessments in 124 consecutive patients treated by closed commissurotomy, open commissurotomy, or valve replacement. Circulation 46, 298 (1972)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  901. Mullins, C. B., Mason, D. T., Ashburn, W. L Ross, Jr., J.: Determination of ventricular volume by radioisotope-angiography. Amer. J. Cardiol. 24, 72 (1969)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  902. Munoz, S., Gallardo, J., Diaz-Gorrin, J. R., Medina, O.: Influence of surgery on the natural history of rheumatic mitral and aortic valve disease. Amer. J. Cardiol. 35, 234 (1975)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  903. Myers, J. H., Steadham, R. E., Blackwell, K. H.: Usefulness and reliability of short-lived radionuclides for cardiac output determination. J. nuel. Med. 12, 591 (1971)Google Scholar
  904. Myler, R. K., Sanders, C. A.: Aortic valve disease and atrial fibrillation. Arch, intern. Med. 121, 530 (1968)Google Scholar
  905. Nad as, A. S.: Pediatric Cardiology. 2nd Ed. Philadelphia: Saunders 1963Google Scholar
  906. Najafi, H.: Aortic insufficiency: Clinical manifestations and surgical treatment. Amer. Heart J. 82, 120 (1971)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  907. Nakhjavan, F. K., Katz, M. R., Shedrovilzky, H., Maranhao, V., Goldberger, H.: Hemodynamic effects of exercise, catecholamine stimulation and tachycardia in mitral stenosis and sinus rhythm at comparable heart rates. Amer. J. Cardiol. 23, 659 (1969)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  908. Nanda, N. C., Gramiak, R., Shah, P. M., DeWeese, J. A.: Mitral commissurotomy versus replacement. Preoperative evaluation by echocardiography. Circulation 51, 263 (1975)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  909. Nasser, W. K., Davis, R. D., Dillon, J. C., Tavel, M. E., Helmen, C. H., Feigenbaum, H., Fisch, C.: Atrial myxoma. I. clinical and pathologic features in nine cases. Amer. Heart J. 83,694 (1972a)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  910. Nasser, W. K., Davis, R. H., Dillon, J. C., Tavel, M. E., Helmen, C. H., Feigenbaum, H., Fisch, C.: Atrial myxoma. II. Phonocardiographic, echocardiography, hemodynamic, and angiographic features in nine cases. Amer. Heart J. 83, 810 (1972b)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  911. Navratil, J., Kaindl, F., Domaning, E.: Vorhof- myxome des Herzens. Wien. Z. inn. Med. 51, 253 (1970)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  912. Nelson, S. W., Molnar, W., Christoforidis, A., Britt, C.: Coronary arteriography. Development of a method in animals with particular attention to physiologic effects. Radiology 75, 34 (1960)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  913. Nelson, S. W., Molnar, W., Klassen, K. P., Ryan, J. M.: Aortic valvulography and ascending aortography. Radiology 70, 697 (1958)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  914. Nemickas, R., Roberts, J., Tobin, J. R., Gunnar, R. M.: Isolated congenital pulmonic insufficiency. Differentiation of mild from severe regurgitation. Amer. J. Cardiol. 14, 456 (1964)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  915. Neufeld, H. N., Lester, R. G., Adams, Jr., P., Anderson, R. C., Lillehei, C. W., Edwards, J. E.: Congenital communication of coronary artery with cardiac chamber or pulmonary trunk (“coronary artery fistula”). Circulation 24, 171 (1961)Google Scholar
  916. Newcombe, C., Sinclair, J., Donald, D., Wood, E.H.: Detection §nd assessment of mitral regurgitation by left atrial indicator-dilution curves. Circulat. Res. 9, 1196 (1961)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  917. Niedermayer, W., Schwarzkopf, H. J., Schaefer, J., Sedlmeyer, I.: Der Nachweis von Thromben im linken Vorhof durch die Röntgenkinemato-graphie. Z. Kreisl.-Forsch. 55, 716 (1966)Google Scholar
  918. Nixon, P. G. F.: The third heart sound in mitral regurgitation. Brit. Heart J. 23, 677 (1961)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  919. Nixon, P. G. F., Wooler, G. H.: Left ventricular filling pressure gradient in mitral insufficiency. Phases of diastole in various syndromes of mitral disease. Brit. Heart J. 25, 382 (1963)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  920. Nixon, P. G. F., Wooler, G. H., Radigan, L. R.: Mitral incompetence caused by disease of mural cusp. Circulation 19, 839 (1959)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  921. Nolan, S. P., Botero, L. M., Inocencio, E. C., Rawitscher, R. E., Lee, R. J.: Detection of tricuspid valvular regurgitation with a catheter velocimeter. Circulât., Suppl. 43–44/1, 57 (1971)Google Scholar
  922. Nolan, S. P., Dixon, S. H., Fisher, R. D., Morrow, G.: The influence of atrial contraction and mitral valve mechanics on ventricular filling. A study of instantaneous mitral valve flow in vivo. Amer. Heart J. 77, 784 (1969)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  923. Nordmann, K. J., Schäfer, J., Schwarzkopf, H. J., Bernhard, A.: Präoperative Diagnostik und Indikation zu verschiedenen Operationsverfahren bei der Mitralstenose. Thoraxchirurgie 21, 219 (1973)Google Scholar
  924. Norro, G., Pothuizen, L. M., Roos, J. P.: Isolated tricuspid endocarditis. Acta cardiol. (Brüx.) 24, 157 (1974)Google Scholar
  925. Oakley, C. M., Hallidie-Smith, K. A.: Assessment of site and severity in congenital aortic stenosis. Brit. Heart J. 29, 367 (1967)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  926. O’Brien, K. P., Hitchcock, G. C., Barratt-Boyes, G., Lowe, J. B.: Spontaneous aortic cusp rupture associated with valvular myxomatous transformation. Circulation 37, 273 (1968)Google Scholar
  927. O’ Connel Jr. T. J., Geiger, J. P., Aronstam, E. M.: Accelerated hemolysis following mitral valve replacement with the Davila prosthesis. Ann. thorac. Surg. 9, 44 (1970)Google Scholar
  928. Ödman, P., Phillipson, J.: Aortic valvular disease studied by percutaneous thoracic aortography. Acta radiol. (Stockh.), Suppl. 172, (1958)Google Scholar
  929. Oh, W., Hickbian, R., Emanuel, R., McDonald, L., Sommerville, J., Ross, D., Ross, K., Gonzalez- Lavin, L.: Heart valve surgery in 114 patients over the age of 60. Brit. Heart J. 35, 174 (1973)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  930. Olesen, K. H.: Mitral stenosis. Copenhagen: Munks-gaards 1955Google Scholar
  931. Olesen, K. H.: The natural history of 271 patients with mitral stenosis under medical treatment. Brit. Heart J. 24, 349 (1962)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  932. Olesen, K., Sandoe, E., Gudbjerg, C.: The higher incidence of valvular calcification in males than in females with mitral stenosis. Acta med. scand. 177, 7 (1965)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  933. Olesen, K. H., Warburg, E.: Isolated aortic stenosis. The late prognosis. Acta med. scand. 160, 437 (1958)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  934. Olin, C.: Pulsatile flow studies of prosthetic aortic valve. Scand. J. thorac. Surg. 5, 1 (1971)Google Scholar
  935. Olinger, G. N., Rio, F. W., Maloney, J. V.: Closed valvulotomy for calcific mitral stenosis. J. thorac. cardiovasc. Surg. 62, 357 (1971)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  936. Oliva, P. B., Johnson, M. J., Pobierantz, M., Levene, A.: Dysfunction of the Beall mitral prosthesis and its detection by cinefluoroscopy and echocardiography. Amer. J. Cardiol. 31, 393 (1973)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  937. Oliver, G. C., Gazetopoulos, N., Deuchar, D. C.: Reversed mitral diastolic gradient in aortic incompetence. Brit. Heart J. 29, 239 (1967)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  938. Olsson, R. A., Romansky, M. J.: Staphylococcal tricuspid endocarditis in heroin addicts. Ann. intern. Med. 57, 755 (1962)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  939. O’Neill, T. I. E., Janton, O. H., Glover, R. P.: Surgical treatment of tricuspid stenosis. Circulation 9, 881 (1954)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  940. Oreshkov, V. I.: Q-l or C-l interval in the diagnosis of mitral stenosis. Brit. Heart J. 29, 778 (1967)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  941. Ormond, R. S., Poznanski, A. K.: Pulmonary veins in rheumatic heart disease. Radiology 74, 542 (1960)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  942. Ormond, R. S., Drake, E. J., Gale, H. H.: Angiographic study of the left atrium in mitral stenosis. Radiology 83, 277 (1964)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  943. Osborn, J. R., Jones, R. C., Jahnke, E. J.: Traumatic tricuspid insufficiency. Hemodynamic data and surgical treatment. Circulation 30, 217 (1964)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  944. Osmundson, P. J., Callahan, J. A., Edwards, J. E.: Mitral insufficiency from ruptured chordae tendineae simulating aortic stenosis. Mayo Clin. Proc. 33, 235 (1958)Google Scholar
  945. Pacifico, A.D., Karp, R. B., Kirklin, J. W.: Homograft for replacement of the aortic valve. Circulation, Suppl. 45/1, 36 (1972)Google Scholar
  946. Padhi, R. K., Kelly, H. G., Lynn, R. B.: Intraatrial myxoma. Review of literature and report of a right atrial myxoma diagnosed preoperatively and successfully treated. Canad. J. Surg. 2, 414 (1959)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  947. Padula, R. T., Rogers, W. H., Rukskul, A., Camishion, R. C.: In vivo cinephotographic analysis of the hydrodynamics of prosthetic cardiac valves. Surgery 68, 1018 (1970)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  948. Paneth, M., O’Brien, M. F.: Transplantation of human homograft aortic valve. Thorax 21, 115 (1966)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  949. Pannier, R., Carlier, J., De Geest, H., Enderle, J., Engbert, M., Kilimnik, L., Kremer, R., Lisin, N., Reinards, J., Timmermans, G., Ver- meulen, R., Yerstraeten, J.: Résultats éloignés de la commissurotomie mitrale. Acta cardiol. (Brüx.) 24, 1 (1969)Google Scholar
  950. Pantridge, J. F., Marshall, R. J.: Tricuspid stenosis. Lancet 1957/1, 1319Google Scholar
  951. Paquay, P. A., Anderson, G., Diefenthal, H., Nordstrom, L., Richman, H. G., Gobel, F. L.: Chest pain as a predictor of coronary artery disease in patients with obstructive aortic valve disease. Amer. J. Cardiol. 38, 863 (1976)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  952. Parisi, A. F., Salzman, S. H., Schechter, E.: Systolic time intervals in severe aortic valve disease. Changes with surgery and hemodynamic correlations. Circulation 44, 539 (1971)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  953. Parker, E., Craige, E., Hood, W. P.: The Austin Flint murmur and the â wave of the apex cardiogram in aortic regurgitation. Circulation 43, 349 (1971)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  954. Partain, J. O., Sydnor, J. B.: Non-surgical complete heart block associated with aortic stenosis: The importance of correct diagnosis. Amer. Heart J. 75, 180 (1968)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  955. de Pas quale, N. P., Burch, G. E., Sun, S. C., Hale, A. R., Mogabgab, W. J.: Experimental Coxsackie virus B4 valvulitis in cynomolgus monkeys, Amer. Heart J. 71, 678 (1966)Google Scholar
  956. Paulin, S.: Zur Angiokardiographie des linken Herzens. Fortschr. Röntgenstr. 96, 618 (1962)Google Scholar
  957. Pech, H. J., Warnke, D., Münster, W.: Vergleich der berechneten Mitralklappenöffnungsfläche mit dem angiokardiographisch ermittelten Volumen des linken Vorhofs bei Mitralstenose. Fortsehr. Rôntgenstr. 108, 296 (1968)Google Scholar
  958. Pech, H. J., Munster, W.: Zur Volumenbestimmung des linken Vorhofes dureh Angiokardiographie. Cardiologia (Basel) 58, 129 (1968)Google Scholar
  959. Peery, T. M., Evans, J. M.: Brucellosis and heart disease. Chronic valvular heart disease following non fatal brucellosis. Ann. intern. Med. 49, 568 (1958)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  960. Pendergrass, E. P., Lame, E. L., Ostrum, H. W.: Hemosiderosis of the lung in mitral disease. Amer. J. Roentgenol. 61, 443 (1949)Google Scholar
  961. Penny, J. L., Gregory, J. J., Ayres, S. M., Giannelli Jr., S., Rossi, P.: Calcified left atrial myxoma simulating mitral insufficiency. Circulation 36, 417 (1967)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  962. Penther, P., Bensaid, J., Deloche, A., Blond eau, P., Lenègre, J.: Risque des prothèses mitrales à disque métallique: le blocage du disque par une thrombose. Arch. Mal. Cœur 64, 801 (1971)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  963. Penther, P., Bourparias, J. P., Lenègre, J.: Long-term prognosis after mitral annuloplasty for acquired mitral insufficiency. Clinical evaluation. Brit. Heart J. 32, 427 (1970)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  964. Peräsalo, J., Heiskanen, T.: Right heart, pulmon- nary, and left heart blood volumes determined by analogue computer analysis of radiocardio- grams in normal subjects and patients with mitral stenosis. Cardiovasc. Res. 5, 260 (1971)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  965. Perloff, J. K.: Clinical recognition of aortic stenosis. The physical signs and differential diagnosis of the various forms of obstruction to left ventricular outflow. Progr. cardiovasc. Dis. 10, 323 (1968)Google Scholar
  966. Perloff, J. K., Harvey, W. P.: Clinical recognition of tricuspid stenosis. Circulation 22, 346 (1960)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  967. Perloff, J. K., Harvey, W. P.: Auscultatory and phonocardiographic manifestations of pure mitral regurgitation. Progr. cardiovasc. Dis. 5, 172 (1962/ 63)Google Scholar
  968. Perloff, J. K., Roberts, W. C.: The mitral apparatus. Functional anatomy of mitral regurgitation. Circulation 46, 227 (1972)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  969. Pernot, J. M., Soulié, J., Donatien, Y., Facquet, J.: L’insuffisance aortique du syndrome de Mar: fan. Arch. Mal. Cœur 59, 1518 (1966)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  970. Petch, M., Sommerville, J., Ross, D., Ross, K., Emanuel, R., McDonald, L.: Replacement of the mitral valve with autologous fascia lata. Brit. Heart J. 36, 177 (1974)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  971. Peterson, C. R., Herr, R., Grisera, R. Y., Staur, A., Bristow, J. D., Griswold, H. E.: The failure of hemodynamic improvement after valve replacement surgery. Etiology, diagnosis, and treatment. Ann. intern. Med. 66, 1 (1967)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  972. Pfeifer, J., Goldschlager, N., Sweatman, T., Gerbode, F., Selzer, A.: Malfunction of mitral ball valve prosthesis due to thrombus. Report of 2 cases with notes on early clinical diagnosis. Amer. J. Cardiol. 29, 75 (1972)Google Scholar
  973. Pfister, C. W., Plice, S. G., Dodsworth, J.: The coexistence of rheumatic heart disease and myocardial infarction. Dis. Chest 37, 240 (1960)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  974. Phillips, J. H., Burch, G. E., de Pasquale, N. P.: The syndrome of papillary muscle dysfunction. Its clinical recognition. Ann. intern. Med. 59, 508 (1963)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  975. Pindyck, F., PeirceII E. C., Baron, M. G., Luk-ban, S. B.: Embolization of left atrial myxoma after transseptal cardiac catheterization. Amer. J. Cardiol. 30, 569 (1972)PubMedGoogle Scholar