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Die Nativdiagnostik der Lebererkrankungen im Röntgenbild

  • Nikolaus Rupp
Chapter
Part of the Handbuch der Medizinischen Radiologie / Encyclopedia of Medical Radiology book series (HDBRADIOL, volume 12 / 1)

Zusammenfassung

Die Leber ist das größte drüsige Organ des menschlichen Körpers mit einer Vielzahl verschiedener Funktionen. Sie ist schwammartig in ihrer Konsistenz und hat als inneres „Skelett“ Arterien, Venen, Pfortader, Gallengänge und Lymphgefäße, die sich mit dem übrigen Körperkreislauf verbinden Lebererkrankungen äußern sich in einer gestörten Funktion(vorwiegend klinische und laborchemische Veränderungen), aber auch in einer veränderten Morphologie (röntgenanatomische, szintigraphische, laparoskopische, histologische Veränderungen). Zur Diagnose sind beide Merkmale zu berücksichtigen; die verschiedenen Untersuchungen ergänzen sich. Viele Lebererkrankungen, z.B. die Hepatitis, gehen mit gestörten Funktionen, ohne wesentliche morphologische Veränderung einher. Andere wiederum, z.B. manche Tumoren, äußern sich in einer veränderten Morphologie, ohne wesentliche Funktionsstörungen.

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  • Nikolaus Rupp

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