Some Characteristic Features of the Ionospheres of Near-Earth Planets

  • K. I. Gringauz
  • T. K. Breus
Part of the Handbuch Der Physik / Encyclopedia of Physics book series (HDBPHYS, volume 10 / 49 / 5)


The atmosphere of a planet is largely responsible for the degree of influence solar radiation exerts on the planet’s surface. It determines the type of interaction of the interplanetary medium with a planet and it is upon this that the physical characteristics of the circumplanetary space depend. The ionospheres of planets, being the substantial parts of their atmospheres, interact with these by the ionization-recombination cycle as well as by the dynamical processes of heat and mass transfer and by energy exchange between charged and neutral particles. It is very difficult to understand the heat balance in the atmospheres and their dynamics without knowing the structure of the ionospheres and the processes involved in their formation. In addition, this structure of the ionosphere determines the propagation of radio waves near the planet.


Solar Wind Total Electron Content Interplanetary Medium Neutral Atmosphere Planetary Atmosphere 
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General references

  1. [1]
    Gringauz, K. I.: In: Beker, R. L. M, Jr., and Maud W. Makemson (eds.): Proceedings of the 12th International Astronautical Congress (Washington D. C, 1961). Wien: Springer; New York and London: Academic Press 1961.Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    Gringauz, K. I., and T. K. Breus: Comparative charateristics of the ionospheres of the planets of the terrestrial group: Mars, Venus and the Earth. Space Sci. Rev. 10, 743–769 (1970).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  3. [3]
    Bauer, S. J.: Physics of planetary ionospheres. In: Physics and Chemistry in Space, Vol. 6. Berlin-Heidelberg-New York: Springer 1973.Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    Evans, J. V. (ed.): Symposium on Planetary Atmospheres and Surfaces. Radio Sci. 5, No. 2, Feb. 1970.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. I. Gringauz
  • T. K. Breus

There are no affiliations available

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