Climate and Hydrology of Some Fennoscandian Tundra Ecosystems

  • A. Skartveit
  • B. E. Rydén
  • L. Kärenlampi
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 16)


By far the most outstanding topographical feature influencing the climate of Scandinavia is the mountain range running close to the west coast of Norway along the entire Scandinavian Peninsula. Hardangervidda (Norway) is a mountain plateau within this mountain range, while Abisko (Sweden) and Kevo (Finland) are located at the eastern side of it (Sonesson et al., 1975). Polar days last for about 7 weeks at the Swedish (Abisko) and Finnish (Kevo) IBP tundra study areas. The Norwegian IBP tundra study area, Hardangervidda, is located about 6° south of the Polar Circle, which results in marked differences in average sunshine duration between Hardangervidda and Abisko (Fig. 1). Kevo is considered to have a sunshine duration fairly close to, or somewhat lower than that of Abisko.


Snow Cover Snow Depth Sunshine Duration Birch Forest Permafrost Table 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin · Heidelberg 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Skartveit
  • B. E. Rydén
  • L. Kärenlampi

There are no affiliations available

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