Decomposition, Microbiology, and Ecosystem Analysis

  • J. Goksøyr
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 16)


In natural, unharvested terrestrial ecosystems, more than 90% of the carbon assimilated by plants will eventually be released as ckrbon dioxide by decomposition in litter and soil. The need for a detailed analysis and understanding of this process as part of the functioning of the whole ecosystem is obvious. This discussion of some of the major problems in this special field of ecosystem analysis is especially related to the situation in areas where invertebrates play a minor role in the energy transfer process from litter to carbon dioxide (mainly due to absence of lumbricides). These transfers are then predominantly carried out by microorganisms. To such areas belong tundra regions (Whitfield, in prep.; Heal et al., in prep., cf. also Table 1).


Soil Organic Matter Microbial Biomass Decomposition Rate Tundra Soil Parasitic Form 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Ali, B.: Occurrence and characteristics of the vesicular-arbuscular endophyte of Nardus stricta. Nova Hedwigia 17,409–425 (1969).Google Scholar
  2. BjÖrkman, E.: The ecological significance of the ectotrophic mycorrhizal association in forest trees. Svensk Botan. Tidskr. 43,223–262 (1949).Google Scholar
  3. Burges, A.: Microorganisms in the soil. London: Hutchinson Univ. Library 1958Google Scholar
  4. Clarholm, M., Lid-Torsvik, V., Baker, J.H.: Bacterial populations of some Fennoscandian tundra soils. In: Wielgolaski, F.E. (Ed.): Fennoscandian tundra ecosystems, Parti: Plants and microorganismus, pp. 251–260. Berlin-Heidelberg-New York: Springer 1975.Google Scholar
  5. Fries, N.:Über die Bedeutung von Wuchsstoffen für das Wachstum verschiedener Pilze. Symb. Botan. Upsalienses 3,1–189 (1938).Google Scholar
  6. Goksøyr, J.: Wood-decomposing fungi and their adaptation to life in wood. Advan. Science 1965,147–156.Google Scholar
  7. Hanssen, J.F., Lid-Torsvik, V., Torsvik, T.: Microbiology. In: Annual Report 1972 pp. 75–92. Oslo: Norsk IBP 1973. (In Norwegian).Google Scholar
  8. Heal, O.W., Flanagan, P.W., French,D.D., GoksØyr, J., Holding, A.J., Maclean, S.F., Whittaker, J.B.: Decomposition and soil processes in Tundra. In: Moore, J.J. (Ed.): Tundra and related habitals. Cambridge: University Press (In prep.).Google Scholar
  9. Hungate, R.E.: Nitrogen content of sound and decayed coniferous woods and its relation to loss in weight during decay. Botan. Gaz. 102,382–392 (1940).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Jenny, H., Gessel, S.P., Bingham, F.T.: Comparative studies of decomposition rates of organic material in temperate and tropical regions. Soil Sci. 68,419–432 (1949).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Melin, E.: Mycorrhiza. In: Ruhland, W.: Handbuch der Pflanzenphysiologie, Vol. XI, pp. 605–638. Berlin-Heidelberg-New York: Springer 1959.Google Scholar
  12. Melin, E.: Some effects of forest tree roots on mycorrhizal Basidiomycetes. In: Nutman, P.S., Mosse, B. (Eds.): Symbiotic Associations XIII Symposium Soc. Gen. Microbiol, pp. 125–145. Cambridge: University Press 1963.Google Scholar
  13. Nieuwdorp, P.J.: Some investigations on the mycorrhiza of Calluna, Erica and Vaccinium. Acta Botan. Neerl. 18,180–196 (1969).Google Scholar
  14. Olson, J.S.: Energy storage and the balance between producers and decomposers in ecological systems. Ecology 44,322–321 (1963).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Sonesson, M., WWielgolaski, F.E., Kallio, P.: Description of Fennoscandian tundra ecosystems. In: Wielgolaski, F.E. (Ed.): Fennoscandian tundra ecosystems, Part 1: Plants and microorganisms, pp. 3–28 Berlin-Heidelberg-New York: Springer 1975.Google Scholar
  16. Stephenson, M.: Bacterial Metabolism. London: Longmans, Green and Co. 1930Google Scholar
  17. Virtanen, A.I., Nikkil, O.E.: Cellulose fermentation in wood-dust. Suomen Kemistilehti 19B, 3–4 (1946).Google Scholar
  18. Whitfield, D.:Energy flow through tundra ecosystems.:In Moore, J. J. (Ed.): Tundra and related habitats. Cambridge: University Press (in prep.).Google Scholar
  19. Winogradsky, S.: Etudes sur la microbiologic du sol. I. Sur la methode. Ann. Inst. Pasteur 39,299–354 (1925).Google Scholar
  20. Zvyaginsev, D.G.: Microbial ecology as studied by luminescence microscopy in incident light. In: Rosswall, T. (Ed.). Modern Methods in the Study of Microbial Ecology. Bull. Ecol. Res. Comm. (Stockholm) 17, 61–65(1973)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin · Heidelberg 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Goksøyr

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations