Advertisement

Plant Biomass and Primary Production of Fennoscandian Subarctic and Subalpine Forests and of Alpine Willow and Heath Ecosystems

  • S. Kjelvik
  • L. Kärenlampi
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 16)

Abstract

The areas selected for sampling by Norwegian and Finnish IBP are described elsewhere (Sonesson et al, 1975). The Finnish sites are also discussed in Kärenlampi (1972), with maps of the distribution of trees and bushes at the Kevo subsites. All the sample areas are placed in a pattern analysis diagram of the direct gradient analysis (Karenlampi and Kauhanen, 1972). Production estimates are given by Karenlampi (1973). The production and total biomass of the Norwegian alpine lichen heath and the understory vegetation of the willow thicket and the sub-alpine birch forest are reported by Wielgolaski and Kjelvik (1973); values for bushes and trees are given by Kjelvik (1972; 1973). The biomass estimation method is similar in the two countries (Wielgolaski and Kjelvik, 1972).

Keywords

Understory Vegetation Ground Vegetation Birch Forest Tundra Ecosystem Direct Gradient Analysis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Hinneri, S., Sonesson, M., Veum, A.K.: Soils of Fennoscandian IBP tundra ecosystems. In: Wielgolaski, F.E. (Ed.): Fennoscandian tundra ecosystems, Part 1: Plants and microorganisms, pp. 31–40. Berlin-Heidelberg-New York: Springer 1975.Google Scholar
  2. Kallio, P., Lehtonen, J.: On the ecocatastrophe of birch forests caused by Oporinia autumnata (Bkh.) and the problem of reafforestation. In: Wielgolaski, F.E. (Ed.): Fennoscandian tundra ecosystems, Part 2: Animals and systems analysis. Berlin-Heidelberg-New York: Springer 1975 in press.Google Scholar
  3. Kjelvik, S.: Brief report on IBP biomass studies in a mountain birch zone at Maurset, Hardangervidda, Norway. In: Rosswall, T. (Ed.): Systems Analysis in Northern Coniferous Forests, IBP Workshop, pp.49–53. Stockholm: Swedish Natural Science Research Council 1972.Google Scholar
  4. Kjelvik, S.: Biomass and production in a willow thicket and a subalpine birch forest, Hardangervidda, Norway. In: Bliss, L.C., Wielgolaski, F.E. (Eds.): Primary production and production processes, Tundra Biome, pp. 115–122. Edmonton-Oslo: IBP Tundra Biome Steering Committee 1973.Google Scholar
  5. Kärenlampi, L.: Comparisons between the microclimates of the Kevo ecosystem study sites and the Kevo Meteorological Station. Rep. Kevo Subarctic Res. Stat. 9, 50–65 (1972).Google Scholar
  6. Kärenlampi, L.: Biomass and estimated yearly net production of the ground vegetation at Kevo. In: Bliss, L.C., Wielgolaski, F.E. (Eds.): Primary production and production processes, pp. 111–114. Edmonton-Oslo: IBP Tundra Biome Steering Committee 1973.Google Scholar
  7. Kärenlampi, L., Kauhanen, H.: A direct gradient analysis of the vegetation of the surroundings of the Kevo Subarctic Station. Rep. Kevo Subarctic Res. Stat. 9, 82–98 (1972).Google Scholar
  8. Skartveit, A., Rydén, B.E., Karenlampi, L.: Climate and Hydrology of some Fennoscandian tundra ecosystems. In: Wielgolaski, F.E. (Ed.): Fennoscandian tundra ecosystems, Part 1: Plants and microorganisms, pp. 41–53. Berlin-Heidelberg-New York: Springer 1975.Google Scholar
  9. Sonesson, M., Wielgolaski, F. E., Kallio, P.: Description of Fennoscandian tundra ecosystems. In: Wielgolaski, F.E. (Ed.): Fennoscandian tundra ecosystems, Part 1: Plants and microorganisms, pp. 3–28. Berlin-Heidelberg-New York: Springer 1975.Google Scholar
  10. Wielgolaski, F.E.: Vegetation types and primary production in tundra. In: Wielgolaski, F.E., Rosswall, T. (Eds.): Proceedings IV International meeting on the biological productivity of tundra, Leningrad, October 1971. pp.9–35. Oslo and Stockholm: IBP Tundra Biome Steering Committee 1972.Google Scholar
  11. Wielgolaski, F.E.: Primary productivity of alpine meadow communities. In: Wielgolaski, F.E. (Ed.): Fennoscandian tundra ecosystems, Part 1: Plants and microorganisms, pp. 121–128. Berlin-Heidelberg-New York: Springer 1975.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Wielgolaski, F. E., Kjelvik, S.: The methodology of net primary production investigations in Norwegian IBP tundra studies. Rep. Kevo Subarctic Res. Stat. 9,24–27 (1972).Google Scholar
  13. Wielgolaski, F.E., Kjelvik, S.: Production of plants (vascular plants and cryptogams) in alpine tundra, Hardangervidda. In: Bliss, L.C., Wielgolaski, F.E. (Eds.): Primary production and production processes, Tundra Biome, pp. 75–86. Edmonton-Oslo: IBP Tundra Biome Steering Committee 1973.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin · Heidelberg 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Kjelvik
  • L. Kärenlampi

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations