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Präparation der Proben und deren Messung

  • P. Rauschenbach
  • H. Simon
Chapter
  • 39 Downloads
Part of the Anwendung von Isotopen in der Organischen Chemie und Biochemie book series (ISOTOPEN, volume 2)

Zusammenfassung

Bringt man ein festes Präparat, z. B. Ba35 SO4 oder Ba14 CO3 unter ein Endfensterzählrohr, so ist die gemessene Impulszahl G eine Funktion folgender Faktoren [1–8]:
$${\text{G}} = {\text{ A }} \cdot {\text{ a }} \cdot {\text{ s }} \cdot {\text{ g }} \cdot {\text{ b }} \cdot {\text{ e}} + {\text{B}}$$
(D, 1)

Dabei bedeutet A = Zerfallsrate der Probe

a = Absorptionsfaktor

s = Selbstabsorptionsfaktor

g = Geometriefaktor

b = Rückstreufaktor

e = Ansprechwahrscheinlichkeit des Detektors

B = Nulleffekt der Meßanordnung

Diese Faktoren sollen anschließend einzeln besprochen werden. Der Meßwert G ist außerdem aufgrund der statistischen Natur des radioaktiven Zerfalls mit einem gewissen Fehler behaftet (vgl. C, 1).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin · Heidelberg 1974

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Rauschenbach
    • 1
  • H. Simon
    • 1
  1. 1.Technische Universität MünchenDeutschland

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