Chromosome Structure and Function
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The concept that chromosomes are essential constituents of cells is nearly a hundred years old. Genetical studies have demonstrated that chromosomes are the carriers of the genes, which determine the hereditary characteristics of the organism. Molecular genetics has given new insights into chromosomal structure and function, its mechanism of replication, the linear sequence of its repeating units which form the genetic code, and the process by which this code is transcribed into a specific protein structure. The chromosomes and their genes are acknowledged to be the biological basis of human variation in health and disease.
KeywordsChromosome Pair Double Helix Metaphase Chromosome Chromosome Structure Chromosome Constitution
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