Small effects as a main problem in epidemiology

  • Hans Hoffmeister
Conference paper


The current development of modern epidemiology has been strongly influenced by the changing patterns of diseases in the western world, namely away from infectious diseases and towards chronic diseases caused by civilization. The famous epidemiological studies, having shown the overwhelming effects of smoking on lung cancer or alcohol consumption in respect to cirrhosis of the liver, as well as having illustrated the concept of cardiovascular risk factors, created the following myth of the sixties and seventies:

Assuming a proper study design and good epidemiological practice, it was hypothesised that there would be a possibility to detect the main causes and prerequisites for every chronic disease.


Serum Cholesterol Coffee Consumption Scientific Standard Coffee Drinking Overwhelming Effect 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hans Hoffmeister
    • 1
  1. 1.BerlinGermany

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