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Periprosthetic Bone Mineral Density and Other Orthopedic Applications

  • C. Trevisan
  • S. Ortolani

Abstract

Bone quality is a crucial concept in orthopedic practice. When implanting a total hip prosthesis or placing a transpeduncular screw, one needs to know the mechanical consistency and biological reactivity of the host bone. These two components, the mass-related mechanical properties and the biological ability to remodel and adapt, are what have been called bone quality [155]. They have been studied extensively histologically, roentgenographically, and scintigraphically since fracture fixation devices, prosthetic implants, and limb lengthening instrumentaries were introduced into the orthopedic surgery [32, 83,106,155]. In this regard a noninvasive and quantitative measurement of bone mass should have been considered a major advance for further insight into bone quality. However, after its development bone densitometry found early but few applications in the orthopedic field.

Keywords

Bone Mineral Density Bone Loss Total Knee Arthroplasties Bone Density Bone Mineral Content 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Trevisan
  • S. Ortolani

There are no affiliations available

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