Collateral Circulation in the Superior Vena Cava Syndrome

  • A. M. Mahmud
  • T. Isawa
  • T. Teshima


The superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS), first described in 1757 by William Hunter [1], bears considerable importance for both the physician and the patient. It is a known complication of thoracic neoplasms, with lung cancer accounting for 67%–82% of cases [2].


Collateral Circulation Azygos Vein Superior Vena Cava Syndrome Collateral Pathway Open Arrowhead 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. M. Mahmud
  • T. Isawa
  • T. Teshima

There are no affiliations available

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