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Alpha-2 Adrenozeptor Agonisten in der Anästhesie — Möglichkeiten und Gefahren

  • T. Möllhoff
Conference paper
Part of the Refresher Course Aktuelles Wissen für Anästhesisten book series (REFRESHER COUR, volume 23)

Zusammenfassung

Alpha-2-Adrenozeptor Agonisten werden in der Anästhesie seit den 8oer Jahren immer häufiger eingesetzt, um Eigenschaften wie Anxiolyse, Analgesie, Anästhetika - sparende Effekte und perioperativ hämodynamisch stabilisierende Effekte [12] auszunutzen. Trotz der beschriebenen Vorteile gehören Alpha-2-Adrenozeptor Ago-nisten immer noch nicht zu den routinemäßig während einer Anästhesie verwendeten Substanzen. Dies liegt vornehmlich an drei Hauptursachen. Diese Medikamentengruppe wurde früher zur Therapie einer Hypertonie eingesetzt und es werden unerwünschte hämodynamische Nebenwirkungen befürchtet. Die Gabe von Alpha-2-Adrenozeptor Agonisten ist additiv zur Wirkung von Opioiden. Zur Zeit gibt es noch keinen speziell für die Anästhesie ausgerichteten Alpha-2-Adrenozeptor Agonisten [4].

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1996

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  • T. Möllhoff

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