Low-Dimensional States on Metal Surfaces

  • N. Memmel
  • V. Dose


Two-dimensional electronic states on metal surfaces have been studied quite extensively in the past twenty years. If these surface states are confined not only perpendicular but also parallel to the surface, their dimension is further reduced — analogous to the “quantum wires” and “quantum dots” well known in semiconductor physics. Examples of two-, one- and zero-dimensional states are given.


Surface State Upward Shift Island Size Image Potential State Surface Brillouin Zone 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

List of Abbreviations


Fermi energy


vacuum energy


inverse photoemission


low-energy electron diffraction




missing row


projected bulk band structure


room temperature


surface Brillouin zone


scanning tunnelling microscopy


two-photon photoemission


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. Memmel
    • 1
  • V. Dose
    • 1
  1. 1.MPI für PlasmaphysikEuratom AssociationGarchingGermany

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