Low-Dimensional States on Metal Surfaces

  • N. Memmel
  • V. Dose

Abstract

Two-dimensional electronic states on metal surfaces have been studied quite extensively in the past twenty years. If these surface states are confined not only perpendicular but also parallel to the surface, their dimension is further reduced — analogous to the “quantum wires” and “quantum dots” well known in semiconductor physics. Examples of two-, one- and zero-dimensional states are given.

Keywords

Azimuth 

List of Abbreviations

EF

Fermi energy

Evac

vacuum energy

IPE

inverse photoemission

LEED

low-energy electron diffraction

ML

monolayer

MR

missing row

PBS

projected bulk band structure

RT

room temperature

SBZ

surface Brillouin zone

STM

scanning tunnelling microscopy

2PPE

two-photon photoemission

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. Memmel
    • 1
  • V. Dose
    • 1
  1. 1.MPI für PlasmaphysikEuratom AssociationGarchingGermany

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