Production Milieu and Competitive Advantages

  • Börje Johansson
  • Rune Wigren
Part of the Advances in Spatial Science book series (ADVSPATIAL)


In agricultural societies the population tends to concentrate on sites in response to the fertility of land. In postagricultural societies we find new forms of “fertility” differentiation over space. Both within and across urban regions of various sizes one can observe how the competitive advantages differ between locations. We relate such distributions of location advantages to the variation of attributes of each location’s production milieu. In this chapter we present a series of Swedish studies examining how the production milieu influences the performance of manufacturing and service industries, as well as the entire regional economy. This introductory section emphasises how certain persistent observations demand a modification or renewal of economic theory. We also outline the types of models employed in the Swedish analyses of the production milieu during the period 1970–1995.


Competitive Advantage Production Function Location Attribute Functional Region Metropolitan Region 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin · Heidelberg 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Börje Johansson
    • 1
  • Rune Wigren
    • 2
  1. 1.Jönköping International Business School (JIBS)Sweden
  2. 2.Uppsala UniversitySweden

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