M4 — the workforce as a source of competitive advantage

“Mehrfachqualifiziert, mobil, mitgestaltend und menschlich”
  • Peter Hartz


Competitive jobs always go hand in hand with attractive, high-quality products manufactured at reasonable cost using efficient manufacturing technology. However, nowadays the transparency of the competitive situation makes it increasingly impossible to achieve a significant technological edge over one’s competitors. Every opportunity taken to upgrade a plant in a particular location or to change a product immediately offers competitors the chance to copy or compensate for the advantage gained.


Competitive Advantage Work Council Assessment Centre Idea Management Human Resource Policy 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter Hartz

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