Enteral Diets in Critically III Patients
The need to provide nutrition for critically ill or severely injured patients has become axiomatic throughout the world. Recognition of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract as a possible contributor to the septic inflammatory response syndrome has led to development of protocols whereby critically ill and severely injured patients are fed early in their disease course . Moreover the use of specialized diets with gut specific nutrients have been advocated in an attempt to ameliorate GI dysfunction and possibly reduce gut-derived sepsis [2, 3].
KeywordsCatheter Depression Pneumonia Pancreatitis Diarrhea
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 6.Moore EE, Jones TN (1986) Benefits of immediate jejunostomy feeding after major abdominal trauma. A prospective randomized study. J Trauma 26: 874–881Google Scholar
- 7.Feliciano DV, Spjut-Patrinely V, Burch JM (1991) Enteral versus parenteral nutrition in patients with severe penetrating abdominal trauma. Contemp Surg 39: 30–36Google Scholar
- 11.Rombeau JL, Rolandelli RH, Wilmore DW (1994) Nutritional Support. In: Care in the ICU. Scientific American Vol II Chapter 10 pp 1–35Google Scholar