Pseudotumor cerebri: Symptoms, associations, etiological considerations and therapy
Before the advent of sophisticated neuroimaging techniques neurologists have been puzzled by patients with apparent symptoms of elevated intracranial pressure suggesting a space occupying lesion, who did not take the predicted fatal course (Quincke 1897). Various labels such as idiopathic (benign) intracranial hypertension, pseudotumor cerebri have been applied to this condition. In this short review we will use the term pseudotumor cerebri (PTC) and will consider the definition, clinical picture, complications, etiological theories and therapeutic measures as discussed in the recent literature.
KeywordsIron Deficiency Anemia Intracranial Hypertension Cryptococcal Meningitis Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension Arachnoid Villus
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Ahlskog JE, O’Neill BP (1982) Pseudotumor cerebri. Arch Intern Med 97:249–256Google Scholar
- Custer P, Breen LA, Burde RM (1982) Cryptococcal meningitis: Atypical presentation. J Clin Neurol Ophthalmol 2:33–37Google Scholar
- Giuseffi V, Wall M, Siegel PZ, Rojas PB (1991) Symptoms and disease associations in idiopathic intracrnial hypertension (pseudotumor cerebri): A case-control study. Neurology 41:239–244Google Scholar
- Smith JL (1985) Whence pseudotumor cerebri. J clin Neuroopthalmol 5:55–56Google Scholar