Technology for Sustainable Development
This chapter contains four presentations on technologies for sustainable development. The first by M. Levine, having examined a number of old and new technologies for increasing energy efficiency, discusses the need for international collaborations, especially between North and South. Pointing out China as becoming one of the major concerns for global environment due to its rapid economic development, he argues that there is a huge potential for improving its relatively poor performance. For this, he demonstrates the importance of policy orientation toward energy efficiency in China on one hand, and on the other a program of international cooperation through technology transfer, capital investments and above all the exchange of ideas on sustainable development. The last analysis, touching on the possibility of achieving economic development as well as environmental protection, is the main point of interest.
Both the second by K. Yamada and the third by H. Ishitani provide the scope of possibilities which new technologies can offer to the ostensibly contradicting demands today, namely the ever increasing need for energy supply on the one hand and the more severe measures of environmental protection on the other. Yamada demonstrates the possibility of large scale utilization of photovoltaic systems and argues that this increasingly popular technology does have a tremendous future in terms of providing a kind energy source to the globe. Alternatively, Ishitani examines the possibility of technology for CO2 disposal into the deep ocean. This paper provoked a number of counter-arguments, especially from those from the South. However, as he mentions in his paper, this attempt is important in developing technology for safer recycling of the end products, in this case CO2—the technology for which remains still at an embryonic stage.
The last presentation is by R. Huang who touches on climate and environmental change in East Asia, or more correctly, China. As seen above, China is simultaneously experiencing rapid economic development and degradation of its eco-system. Having examined the widespread flood and drought patterns in China’s recent past, he argues that a clear correlation between economic development and environmental problems can be seen. Because China’s is a developing economy, what is needed is both international cooperation, to set an upper limit to global warming, and also concrete actions, within and outside China, for the resolution of such dilemmas.
KeywordsBiomass Combustion Steam Transportation Phytoplankton
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