Kinematic GPS Trends — Equipment, Methodologies and Applications
Developments in the area of kinematic GPS are accelerating as a broader community requires higher levels of accuracies. This paper first reviews developments in receiver technologies and processing algorithms. These include low C/A code noise receiver developments, receiver multipath reduction techniques (e.g., MET and MEDLL), codeless tracking methods (e.g., P-W), and on-the-fly (OTF) ambiguity resolution techniques. The use of kinematic of GPS is illustrated by land and shipborne applications including precision farming, structural monitoring and shipborne water level profiling. The paper concludes with a discussion on the future of kinematic positioning.
KeywordsCarrier Phase Ambiguity Resolution Precision Farming Integer Ambiguity Orthometric Height
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Cannon, M.E., R.C. McKenzie, and G. Lachapelle (1994) Soil Salinity Mapping With Electromagnetic Induction and Satellite-Based Navigation Methods, Can. Journ. of Soil Science, Agricultural Institute of Canada, Vol. 74, No. 3, pp. 335–343.Google Scholar
- Fenton, P.C., W.H. Falkenberg, T.J. Ford, K.K. Ng and A.J. Van Dierendonck (1991), NovAtel’s GPS Receiver–the High Performance OEM Sensor of the Future, Proc. of IOn GPS-91, Albuquerque, Sept. 11–13, pp. 49–58.Google Scholar
- Lachapelle, G., M.E. Cannon, H. Gehue, T. Goddard and D. Penney (1994), GPS System Integration and Field Approaches in Precision Farming, Navigation, Vol 41, No. 3, pp. 323–335.Google Scholar
- Lachapelle, G., C. Liu, G. Lu, W. Qiu and R. Hare (1993), Water Level Profiling with GPS, Proceedings of the ION GPS-93, Salt Lake City, September 22–24, pp. 1581–1587.Google Scholar
- NAPA (1995), The Global Positioning System - Charting the Future, National Academy of Public Administration, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
- NRC (1995), The Global Positioning System - A Shared National Asset, National Research Council, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
- Schnug E., et al. (1992) Yield Mapping and Application of Yield Maps to Computer Aided Local Resource Management, Proc. of Workshop on R and D Issues on Soil Specific Crop Management, Apr 14–16, Minneapolis.Google Scholar
- Townsend, B. and P. Fenton (1994), A Practical Approach to the Reduction of Pseudorange Multipath Errors in an L1 GPS Receiver, Proc. of ION GPS-94, Salt Lake City, Sept. 20–23, pp. 143–148.Google Scholar
- Van Dierondonck, A.J. (1994), Understanding GPS Receiver Terminology: A Tutorial on What those Words Mean, Proc. of KIS94, Dept. Geomatics Engineering, Univ. of Calgary, pp. 15–24.Google Scholar