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Acinetobacter Infections in Intensive Care Units

  • E. Rubinstein
  • I. Levi
Part of the Yearbook of Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine book series (YEARBOOK, volume 1996)

Abstract

Acinetobacter species are gram-negative cocobacilli that are widespread in the enviromnent, and frequently colonize the human skin [1]. While in the past, these organisms have been considered of low pathogenicity and rarely causing invasive disease, in recent years, Acinetobacter species have assumed increasing importance in nosocomial infections in intensive care units (ICU) and have been described in outbreaks in association with various medical devices and procedures [2–11]. As this microorganism is so ubiquitous and can be isolated from skin of healthy personnel as well as of patients, it seems likely that this may be one of the sources for hospital outbreaks [12]. Medical equipment that has been incriminated as a vector of transmission of Acinetobacter include respirators [13], gloves [7], solutions used for respiratory therapy [14], pressure-transducers [2], intravenous catheters [15], mattresses [16] and furniture surfaces in the ICU [17]. Thus at times during an investigation of an outbreak, it is difficult or impossible to define the source of infection, as Acinetobacter may be isolated from many objects in the ICU as well as from personnel, patients and even from the air.

Keywords

Intensive Care Unit Nosocomial Infection Acinetobacter Calcoaceticus Acinetobacter Species Selective Decontamination 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Rubinstein
  • I. Levi

There are no affiliations available

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