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Magnetresonanztomographie im Kindesalter

  • M. Reither

Zusammenfassung

Bei der Sonographie werden an geweblichen Grenzflächen reflektierte Schallwellen in elektrische Signale umgewandelt und zur Bildherstellung weiterverarbeitet. Bei einer Röntgenuntersuchung entstehen infolge der Wechselwirkung ionisierender Strahlung mit dem untersuchten Objekt Schwächungsprofile, die als Summations- oder Schnittbild aufgezeichnet werden. Bei der Magnetresonanztomographie (MRT) werden Atomkerne mit einem magnetischen Moment — in der klinischen Bildgebung fast ausschließlich Wasserstoffprotonen — durch wiederholtes Zu- und Abschalten äußerer Magnetfelder zur Resonanz und anschließenden Relaxation gebracht. Die dabei ausgesandten Signale lassen sich computergestützt über geeignete Empfangsspulen so bearbeiten, daß Schnittbilder entstehen, die eine Aussage zur Dichte, zur Bewegung und zum Relaxationsverhalten der Kernspins erlauben [3, 4].

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1996

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  • M. Reither

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