Europe of Regions — A Nordic View

  • Perttu Vartiainen
  • Merja Kokkonen
Part of the Advances in Spatial Science book series (ADVSPATIAL)


During the middle 1980s the concept ’Europe of Regions’ was advanced through public discussion and has been widely used since to give an image of the ongoing development of the united and more democratic Europe. European integration is believed to strengthen the power of regions not only in politics, but also in economy. As Caciagli (1990) has put it, “the modern Europe formed by nation states is developing into a post-modern Europe of Regions”. Even though this concept contains much wishful thinking and, to be sure, political persuasion, it can be seen as a challenging starting point for serious discussion also in regional studies.


Regional Development Nordic Country City Region Regional Administration Public Service Employment 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Amin, A. (1992), ’Big firms versus the regions in the Single European Market’, In Dunford, M. & G. Kafkalas (eds.), Cities and regions in the new Europe, Belhaven Press, London.Google Scholar
  2. Amin, A. & A. Malmberg (1992), ’Competing structural and institutional influences on the geography of production in Europe’, Environment and Planning A, 24, 3, 401–416.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Amin, A. & N. Thrift (1992), ’Neo-Marshallian nodes in global networks’, International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 24, 4, 571–587.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Asheim, B. T. (1985), “Top-down” -strategi: ennødvendig forutsetning for utvikling av periferien? Noen idéhistoriske, teoretiske og ideologikritiske refleksjoner’, I Lomoy, J. (red.), Geografi og planlegging, NSGF Skrifter, nr. 13.Google Scholar
  5. Beynon, H. & R. Hudson (1993), ’Place and space in contemporary Europe: some lessons and reflections’, Antipode, 25, 3, 177–190.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Caciagli, M. (1990), ’Das Europa der Regionen. Regressive Utopie oder politische Perpektive?’, Österreichische Zeitschrift für Politikwissenschaft, 4, 421–432.Google Scholar
  7. Camagni, R. (1993), ’From city hierarchy to city network’, In Lakshamanan T.R. & P. Nijkamp (eds.), Structure and Change in the Space Economy, Springer-Verlag, Berlin.Google Scholar
  8. Carlsson, F., M. Johansson, L.O. Persson & B. Tegsjö (1993), Creating Labour Market Areas and Employment Zones, New Regional Division in Sweden Based on Commuting Statistics, CERUM report, Umeâ.Google Scholar
  9. Charpentier J. & C. Engel (eds.) (1992), Les régions de l’espace communautaire, Nancy.Google Scholar
  10. Cooke, P. (1992), ’Regional innovation systems: competitive regulation in the new Europe’, Geoforum, 23, 3, 365–38.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Cooke, P. & K. Morgan (1993), ’The network paradigm: new departures in corporate and regional development’, Society and Space, 11, 5, 543–564.Google Scholar
  12. Cox, K.R. (1993), ’The local and global in the new urban politics: a critical view’, Society and Space, 11, 4, 433–448.Google Scholar
  13. Dellenbrant, J. Â. & M-O. Olsson (eds.) (1994), The Barents Region, Security and Economic Development in the European North. CERUM, Umeâ.Google Scholar
  14. Dréze J. (1993), ’Regions of Europe’, Economic Policy, October 1993, 265–287.Google Scholar
  15. The European Parliament (1988), Resolution of 18 November, 1988. Annex OJ No. c326, 19.12.1988.Google Scholar
  16. Ekman, A.-K. (1991), ’Bottom-Up strategies in the theory and practice’, NordREFO, 4, 23–28.Google Scholar
  17. Eskelinen, H. (1984), On a reorientation of regional policies: Economic aspects of territorial approaches, University of Joensuu, Publications of Karelian Institute No 68.Google Scholar
  18. Eskelinen, H. (1994), ’Russian Karelia as a Peripheral Gateway Region’, In Eskelinen H., J. Oksa, & D. Austin (eds.), Russian Karelia in Search of a New Role, Karelian Institute, University of Joensuu.Google Scholar
  19. Goldsmith, M. (1992), ’Local government’, Urban Studies, 29, 3/4, 393–410.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Goldsmith, M. (1993), ’The europeanisation of local government’, Urban Studies, 30, 4/5, 683–699.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Harvey, D. (1989), ’From managerialism to entrepreneurialism: the transformation of urban governance in late capitalism’, Geografiska Annaler, 71B, 1, 3–17.Google Scholar
  22. Hebbert, M. (1989), ’Britain in a Europe of Regions’, In Garside, P.L. & M. Hebbert (eds.), British Regionalism 1900–2000, Mansell Publishing Limited, London.Google Scholar
  23. Hebbert, M. (1993), ’1992: Myth and aftermyth’, Regional Studies, 27 (8), 709–718.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Isaksen, A. (ed.) (1993), ’Spesialiserte produksjonsomrâder i Norden’. Nordisk Sam-hällsgeografisk Tidskrift, Uppsala.Google Scholar
  25. Jussila, H., L.O. Persson & U. Wiberg (1993), Shifts in Systems at the Top of Europe, FORA, Stockholm.Google Scholar
  26. Kearns, G. & C. Philo (eds.) (1993), Selling Places. The City as Cultural Capital, Past and Present, Pergamon Press, Oxford.Google Scholar
  27. Keating, M. (1988), State and Regional Nationalism. Territorial politics in the European state, Harvester Wheatsheaf, Hemel Hempstead.Google Scholar
  28. Keating, M. (1993), ’The continental meso: regions in the European Community’, In Sharpe, L.J. (ed.), The Rise of the Meso Government in Europe, SAGE Modern politics series, Vol 32, London.Google Scholar
  29. Kokkonen, M. & P. Vartiainen (1993), Alueiden Eurooppa — haasteet alueelliselle kehittämiselle, Sisäasiainministeriö, Kunta-ja aluekehitysosastonjulkaisu 1, Helsinki.Google Scholar
  30. Kunzmann, K.R. & M. Wegener (1991), The pattern of urbanization in Western Europe 1960–1990, Institut fxir Raumplanung, Universität Dortmund, Berichte 28.Google Scholar
  31. Lever W.F. (1993), ’Competition within the European urban system’, Urban Studies 30(6), 935–948.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Martin, S. (1993), ’The europeanisation of local authorities: Challenges for rural areas’, Journal of Rural Studies, 9(2), 153–161.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Nijkamp, P. (1993), ’Towards a network of regions: The United States of Europe’, European Planning Studies, 1(2), 149–168.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. NOGRAN (1994), Regionalpolitiska stödomräden i Norden, Snabbrapport No 2, Helsingfors.Google Scholar
  35. Nordic Regions and Transfrontier Cooperation (1991), Nordic Group for Regional Analyses, The Secreteriat of the Nordic Council of Ministers, Borgä.Google Scholar
  36. NOU 1992:15, Kommuneog fylkesinndelingen i et Norge i for andring, Oslo.Google Scholar
  37. Nummela, J. & A. Ryynänen (1993), Kuntahallinnon vaihtoehdot, Lakimiesliiton Kustannus, Helsinki.Google Scholar
  38. Paasi, A. (1991), ’Regional identitet: ett handelsvara eller en mental förutsättning for utveckling?’, Nordrevy, 1, 13–19.Google Scholar
  39. Regional utveckling i Norden (1993), Basprojektets ärsrapport 1993/94, Nord, Vol 30, Ärhus.Google Scholar
  40. Rokkan, S. & D.W. Urwin (1983), The Politics of Territorial Identity, Sage, Beverly Hills.Google Scholar
  41. Selstad, T. (1992), ’Agglomerer eller do!’, Nordrevy, 6, 13–18.Google Scholar
  42. Selstad, T. (1993), ’Nordens natur — periferiens framtid?’, Nordrevy, 3/4, 50–60.Google Scholar
  43. Sharpe, L. (ed.) (1992), The Rise of Meso Government in Europe, SAGE Modern politics series, Vol 32, London.Google Scholar
  44. Sogge, S. & O. Imset (1993), ’Bananer i lange baner’, Nordrevy, 5, 39–41.Google Scholar
  45. SOU 1992:63, Regionala roller. En perspektivstudie. Betänkande av regionutredningen, Stockholm.Google Scholar
  46. Stoker, G. (1991), ’Trends in Western European local government’, In Batley, R. & G. Stoker (eds.), Local Government in Europe, Macmillan, Basingstoke.Google Scholar
  47. Stöhr, W. & F. Tödtling (1977). ’Spatial equity — some anti-theses to current regional development strategy’, Papers of the Regional Science Association, vol. 38, 33–53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Swyngedouw, E. (1992), The Mammon quest, ’Glocalisation’, interspatial competition and the monetary order: The construction of new scales’, In Dunford, M. & G. Kafkalas (eds.), Cities and Regions in the New Europe, Belhaven Press, London.Google Scholar
  49. Vartiainen, P. (1987), ’The strategy of territorial integration in regional development: Defining territoriality’, Geoforum, 18(1), 117–126.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Vartiainen, P. (1989), ’Counterurbanisation: a challenge for socio-theoretical geography’, Journal of Rural Studies, 5(3), 217–225.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Veggeland, N. et al. (1993), Impact of the Development of the Nordic Countries on Regional Development and Spatial Organisation in the Community, The Synthesis Report. Nordic Institute of Regional Policy Research. Copenhagen.Google Scholar
  52. Ventura, F. & O. Wäraeryd (1983), ’Differentiation of settlement systems on the basis of population densities and level of development. ’Regionalization’ now and in the future’, Geographia Polonica, 47, 29–37.Google Scholar
  53. Üsthol, A. (1991), ’Nyregionalism — modell for Sverige?’, Plan, 45(5–6), 251–255.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin · Heidelberg 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Perttu Vartiainen
    • 1
  • Merja Kokkonen
    • 1
  1. 1.University of JoensuuFinland

Personalised recommendations