Value of Digital Rectal Examination, Determination of Prostate-Specific Antigen Concentration and the Use of Transrectal Ultrasonography

  • P. Hammerer
  • H. Huland
Conference paper


It has been shown by McNeal and Stamey et al. (Stamey et al. 1988; McNeal et al. 1986, 1990) that the behaviour of prostate cancer depends on the size of the tumour. In general, small tumours are almost always well-differentiated, do not aggressively invade the capsule or seminal vesicles, and do not metastasize, whereas large tumours (e. g. > 4 cm3) are more likely to infiltrate adjacent structures and to metastasize.


Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia Radical Prostatectomy Digital Rectal Examination Pelvic Lymphadenectomy Hypoechoic Area 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Hammerer
  • H. Huland

There are no affiliations available

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