Value of Digital Rectal Examination, Determination of Prostate-Specific Antigen Concentration and the Use of Transrectal Ultrasonography
It has been shown by McNeal and Stamey et al. (Stamey et al. 1988; McNeal et al. 1986, 1990) that the behaviour of prostate cancer depends on the size of the tumour. In general, small tumours are almost always well-differentiated, do not aggressively invade the capsule or seminal vesicles, and do not metastasize, whereas large tumours (e. g. > 4 cm3) are more likely to infiltrate adjacent structures and to metastasize.
KeywordsBenign Prostatic Hyperplasia Radical Prostatectomy Digital Rectal Examination Pelvic Lymphadenectomy Hypoechoic Area
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