Raw Material Management as a First Step Towards Sustainability
The recent discussion about a Sustainable Development forced researchers and production managers to rethink this problem and to search for solutions. As a key finding, one can say that the effective use of materials together with the choice of renewable raw materials is a serious step towards Sustainability. ECO-Efficiency turned out to be one of the keywords in the projects. Eco — meaning economy and ecology — and efficiency in the meaning of conversion of as much of the raw materials into products as possible provide both: environmental and economical advantages.
This chapter in the book “Economic and Cleaner Production for Performance” should work out the technology of finding weak points in a production process and how to evaluate the economical results of modifications. Case studies underline the theories..
KeywordsBiomass Dust Filtration Mercury Manifold
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- World Commission on Environment and Development, Our Common Future, Oxford University Press 1987.Google Scholar
- Reklaitis G.V., Introduction to Material and Energy Balances. John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1983.Google Scholar
- Schnitzer H., Grundlagen der Stoff-und Energiebilanzierung, Vieweg, Braunschweig 1991.Google Scholar
- McCabe W.L. and J.C. Smith, Unit Operations of Chemical Engineering, McGraw Hill, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- Linnhoff B., D.W Townsend., D. Boland, G.F Hewitt., B.E.A. Thomas, A.R. Guy and R.H Marsland., A User Guide on Process Integration for the Efficient Use of Energy. The Institution of Chemical Engineers, Rugby, UK, 1982.Google Scholar
- Huisingh D., L. Martin, H. Hilger and N. Seidman; Proven Profits from Pollution Prevention. Institute for local self-reliance, Washington 1986Google Scholar
- Campbell M. E. and W. M Glenn.; Profit from Pollution Prevention. Pollution Probe Foundation, Cincinatti 1982.Google Scholar
- Nelson K.E. Make Less Waste via Process Changes. Pollution Prey. in the Chem. Proc. Ind., Exposition and Conference Washington, 1992Google Scholar
- UNEP, Audit and Reduction Manual for Industrial Emissions and Wastes. Case Study 1. Paris 1991Google Scholar
- Moser F. and H. Schnitzer, Heat Pumps in Industry, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1985Google Scholar
- Fresner H., Report on PREPARE in Styria, Graz, 1994Google Scholar