The Plasma Membrane of Acetabularia: an Integrating Function Regulated by Circadian Rhythmicity

  • T. Vanden Driessche
  • J.-L. Guisset
  • G. M. Petiau-de Vries
  • T. Gaspar


Numerous receptors and structures in the plasma membrane allow the cell to sense environmental signals as well as internal status and to adjust its own activities. We review the circadian rhythms affecting the Acetabularia PM, both from direct and indirect experimental evidence. We consider the CR in bioelectric properties, fatty acid composition and glycosylation degree. We indicate that changes in the phosphorylation degree might occur. The photosensitivity of growth and cap morphogenesis is modulated by a CR, as well as (delayed) morphogenesis after a SHAM treatment. The transducing chain, activated by the photoreceptor is also oscillating (the IP3, Ca2+-calmodulin pathway). An NADP(H) oxido-reductase is located in the PM and presumably related to the redox state of the non chloroplastic pyridine nucleotides. The cytoplasmic thioredoxin h, an important redox regulator has been isolated in Acetabularia, but its low amount prevents analyses along the 24 h cycle. Finally, the system peroxidases/ascorbic acid was shown to be present, but, for similar reasons, it has not been analyzed during the daily cycle. Three phytohormones have been studied: IAA, ABA and ethylene. All three induce time-dependent morphogenetic responses. The metabolism of ethylene itself is highly regulated by a CR. The numerous responses from the membrane act in a concerted manner, owing to the integrating function of the PM and the interrelations of the cellular pathways. We propose that, in addition, circadian rhythmicity imposes a regulatory control on the activities at the level of the PM.


Circadian Rhythm Indole Acetic Acid Plant Plasma Membrane Circadian Change Salicylhydroxamic Acid 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



abscisic acid




Ca2+-dependent phosphokinase


circadian rhythm


circadian time (time 0 is the transition time from dark to light period)

chlpl envel

chloroplast envelope


cell wall


constant dark






endoplasmic reticulum


indole-3-acetic acid


inositol 4-monophosphate


inositol 1,4-bisphosphate


inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate




light-dark conditions


constant light




phosphatidyl inositol 4,5-bisphosphate




phospholipase A2


phospholipase C


plasma membrane




salicylhydroxamic acid


serine/threonine symp, symport


thioredoxin in its reduced form





tyr ki

tyrosineprotein kinase




5-bromo-4-chloro3-indolyl-beta-D galactopyranoside


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. Vanden Driessche
    • 1
  • J.-L. Guisset
    • 2
  • G. M. Petiau-de Vries
    • 3
  • T. Gaspar
    • 4
  1. 1.Dept. de Biologie moléculaireUniversité Libre de BruxellesBruxellesBelgium
  2. 2.Pool de PhysiqueUniversité Libre de BruxellesBruxellesBelgium
  3. 3.Chimie générale IUniversité Libre de BruxellesBruxellesBelgium
  4. 4.Hormonologie fondamentale et appliquéeInstitut de BotaniqueLiègeBelgium

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