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Interaction of Pesticides with River Sediments and Characterization of Organic Matter of the Sediments

  • G. Abbt-Braun
  • F. H. Frimmel
Part of the Environmental Science book series (ESE)

Abstract

Organic contaminants are widespread in the aquatic environment. As the solubility of hydrophobic organic chemicals is limited in water, their accumulation in the liquid phase of natural waters will be low compared to the particulate phase. The chemicals can be sorbed on the sediments as well as on the suspended matter (colloids). A short review about the concentration of typical organic pollutants in sediments is given by Förstner (1989). The mechanisms of the sorption are complex and not yet well understood. From the literature there is considerable data concerning the adsorption on soils (e.g. Calvet 1989 and Khan 1980). The sorption of the organics on the solids is dependent on the properties of the chemicals (e.g. functional groups, size and shape of the molecules) and of the adsorbents (e.g. size distribution, mineral composition, Corg content). Several attempts have been made to develop methods of describing the sorption behaviour. Karickhoff et al. (1979) suggested calculation of the distribution of organic chemicals between water and sediment. The partition coefficient (or distribution, sorption coefficient; KD) is the ratio of the specific concentrations of the organic substances in the dissolved and adsorbed form.

Keywords

Sediment Sample Adsorption Isotherm Organic Carbon Content River Sediment Adsorption Behaviour 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Abbt-Braun
  • F. H. Frimmel

There are no affiliations available

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