Interaction of Pesticides with River Sediments and Characterization of Organic Matter of the Sediments

  • G. Abbt-Braun
  • F. H. Frimmel
Part of the Environmental Science book series (ESE)


Organic contaminants are widespread in the aquatic environment. As the solubility of hydrophobic organic chemicals is limited in water, their accumulation in the liquid phase of natural waters will be low compared to the particulate phase. The chemicals can be sorbed on the sediments as well as on the suspended matter (colloids). A short review about the concentration of typical organic pollutants in sediments is given by Förstner (1989). The mechanisms of the sorption are complex and not yet well understood. From the literature there is considerable data concerning the adsorption on soils (e.g. Calvet 1989 and Khan 1980). The sorption of the organics on the solids is dependent on the properties of the chemicals (e.g. functional groups, size and shape of the molecules) and of the adsorbents (e.g. size distribution, mineral composition, Corg content). Several attempts have been made to develop methods of describing the sorption behaviour. Karickhoff et al. (1979) suggested calculation of the distribution of organic chemicals between water and sediment. The partition coefficient (or distribution, sorption coefficient; KD) is the ratio of the specific concentrations of the organic substances in the dissolved and adsorbed form.


Sediment Sample Adsorption Isotherm Organic Carbon Content River Sediment Adsorption Behaviour 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Adams WJ, Kimerle RA, Barnett JW Jr (1992) Sediment quality and aquatic life assessment. Environ Sci Technol 26:1864–1875CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Abbt-Braun G, Schmiedel U, Frimmel FH (1990) Elementaranalytische Untersuchungen isolierter Fulvinsäuren unterschiedlichen Ursprungs. Vom Wasser 75:59–73Google Scholar
  3. Abbt-Braun G, Frimmel FH, Lipp P (1991) Isolation of organic substances from aquatic and terrestrial systems — comparison of some methods. Z Wasser-Abwasser-Forsch 24:285–292Google Scholar
  4. Bollag JM, Myers C (1992) Detoxification of aquatic and terrestrial sites through binding of pollutants to humic substances. Sci Total Environ 117/118:357–366CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Burton GA Jr, Scott KJ (1992) Sediment toxicity evaluations — their niche in ecological assessments. Environ Sci Technol 26:2068–2075CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Calvet R (1989) Adsorption of organic chemicals in soils. Environ Health Perspectives 83:145–177CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Capel PD, Eisenreich SJ (1990) Relationship betweeen chlorinated hydrocarbons and organic carbon in sediment and porewater. J Great Lakes Res 16 H: 245–257CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Chapman PM (1989) Current approaches to developing sediment quality criteria. Environ Toxicol Chem 8:589–599CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Chiou CT, Schmedding DV, Manes M (1982) Partitioning of organic compounds in octanol-water systems. Environ Sci Technol 16:4–10CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Choudry GG (1980) Interactions of humic substances with environmental chemicals. In: Hutzinger O (ed) (1980) The handbook of environmental chemistry, vol. 2 part B. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, pp 103–128Google Scholar
  11. Coulter WH (1953) US-Patent 2.656.508, issued Oct. 20. 1953, applied for Aug. 27. 1949Google Scholar
  12. Coulter WH (1956) Proc Natl Electr Conf 12:1034Google Scholar
  13. DIN (1993) Deutsche Einheitsverfahren zur Wasser-, Abwasser- und Schlammuntersuchung. Verlag Chemie, WeinheimGoogle Scholar
  14. Evans KM, Gill RA, Robotham PWJ (1990) The PAH and organic content of sediment particle size fractions. Water Air Soil Pollut 51:13–31CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Förstner U (1989) Contaminated soils. In: Lecture notes in earth science, vol. 21. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New YorkGoogle Scholar
  16. Förstner U, Ackermann F, Alberti J, Calmano W, Frimmel FH, Kornatzki KH, Leschber R, Roßknecht H, Schleichert U, Tent L (1987) Qualitätskriterien für Gewässersedimente -Allgemeine Problematik und internationaler Stand der Diskussion. Z Wasser-Abwasser-Forsch 20:54–59Google Scholar
  17. Frimmel FH, Christman RF (eds) (1988) Humic substances and their role in the environment. Dahlem workshop reports. John Wiley & Sons, ChichesterGoogle Scholar
  18. Frimmel FH, Hopp W, Quentin KE (1985) Titration isolierter aquatischer Huminstoffe und ihrer Calcium-Komplexe mit starken Basen und Säuren. Z Wasser-Abwasser-Forsch 18:259–262Google Scholar
  19. Frimmel FH, Weis M (1991) Ageing effects of highmolecular weight organic acids which can be isolated from landfill leachates. Wat Sci Tech 23:419–426Google Scholar
  20. Fröbe Z, Drevenkar V, Stengl B, Juracic M (1989) Sorption behaviour of some organophosphorous pesticides in natural sediments. Toxicol Environ Chem Rev 19:69–82CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Fuchs F (1985, 1986) Gelchromatographische Trennung von organischen Wasserinhaltsstoffen. Vom Wasser 64:129–144; 65:93–105; 66:127–136Google Scholar
  22. Gremm T, Abbt-Braun G, Frimmel FH (1991) Einfluß verschiedener Parameter auf die HPLC-Charakterisierung organischer Säuren. Vom Wasser 77:231–241Google Scholar
  23. Huber SA, Scheunert J, Dörfler U, Frimmel FH (1992) Zum Einfluß des gelösten organischen Kohlenstoffs (DOC) auf das Mobilisierungsverhalten einiger Pestizide. Acta Hydrochim Hydrobiol 20:74–81Google Scholar
  24. Hunchak-Kariouk K, Suffet JH (1991) Binding of hydrophobic organic pollutants to humic substances. Humus-uutiset, Finnish Humus News 3(3) — The Third International Nordic Symposium on Humic Substances: 157–170Google Scholar
  25. Ishiwatari R (1985) Geochemistry of humic substances in lake sediments. In: Aiken GR, McKnight DM, Wershaw RL (eds) (1985) Humic substances in soil, sediment, and water. John Wiley & sons, New York, pp 147–180Google Scholar
  26. Karickhoff SW, Brown DS, Scott TA (1979) Sorption of hydrophobic pollutants on natural sediments. Water Res 13:241–248CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Karickhoff SW (1981) Semi-empirical estimation of sorption of hydrophobic pollutants on natural sediments and soils. Chemosphere 10:833–846CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Kersten M, Förstner U (1987) Effect of sample pretreatment on the reliability of solid speciation data of heavy metals-implication for the study of diagenetic processes. Mar Chem 22:299–312CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Khan SU (1980) Physicochemical processes affecting pesticides in soil. In: Khan SU (ed) (1980) Pesticides in the soil environment. Elsevier Sci Publ Co, Amsterdam, pp 29–118Google Scholar
  30. Lee D-Y, Farmer WJ (1989) Dissolved organic matter interaction with napropamide and four other nonionic pesticides. J Environ Qual 18:468–474CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. OECD (1981) Guideline for testing of chemicals (106) adsorption/desorption. May 12, 1981Google Scholar
  32. Oepen B van, Kürdel W, Klein W (1989) Soil preparation for the estimation of adsorption coefficients (koc) of organic chemicals. Chemosphere 18:1495–1511CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Orem WH, Gaudette HE (1984) Organic matter in anoxic marine pore water: oxidation effects. Org Geochem 5:175–181CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Pavlou SP (1987) The use of the equilibrium partitioning approach in determining safe levels of contaminants in marine sediments. In: Dickson KL, Maki AW, Brungs WA (eds) Fate and effects of sediment-bound chemicals in aquatic systems. Pergamon Press, Toronto, pp 388–412Google Scholar
  35. Piemontesi D, Baccini P (1986) Geochemical characteristics if dissolved organic matter in interstitial waters of lacustrive sediments and its influence on copper and zinc transport. Environ Techn Let 7:577–592CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Schnitzer FJ, Khan SU (1972) Humicsubstances in the environment. Marcel Dekker, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  37. Shea D (1988) Developing national sediment quality criteria. Environ Sci Technol 22:1256–1261CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Sigleo AC, Means JC (1990) Organic and inorganic components in estuarine colloids: implications for sorption and transport of pollutants. Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 112:123–147CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Stauffer TB, MacIntyre WG, Wickman DC (1989) Sorption of nonpolar organic chemicals on low-carbon-content aquifer materials. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 8:845–852CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Steelink C (1985) Implications of elemental characteristics of humic substances. In: Aiken GR, McKnight DM, Wershaw RL (eds) (1985) Humic substances in soil, sediment, and water. John Wiley & sons, New York, pp 457–476Google Scholar
  41. Stevenson FJ (1982) Humus chemistry; genesis, composition, reactions. Wiley-Interscience, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  42. Weis M, Frimmel FH (1989) Electrochemical determination of the anionic particle charge of aquatic fulvic acids. Fresenius Z Anal Chem 335:927–930CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Weis M, Frimmel FH (1991) Distribution of highmolecular weight organic acids from landfill leachate in the liquid/solid phases of an anaerobic model aquifer. Z Wasser-Abwasser-Forsch 24:113–118Google Scholar
  44. Wershaw RL (1986) A new model for humic materials and their interactions with hydrophobic organic chemicals in soil-water or sediment-water systems. J Contaminant Hydrol 1:29–45CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Wershaw RL (1989) Application of a membrane model to the sorptive interactions of humic substances. Environ Health Perspectives 83:191–203CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Abbt-Braun
  • F. H. Frimmel

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations