In Vitro Skin Irritation Assays: Relevance to Human Skin

  • Sunita Patil
  • Jeff Harvell
  • Howard I. Maibach
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (volume 93)


The events occurring in primary skin irritation in vivo represent a complex series of chemical and physiological changes. Animals have been used to assess dermal irritation by observation of visible changes ranging from erythema and edema to corrosion and ulceration in the in vivo Draize rabbit skin test accepted by many regulatory agencies [Draize et al., 1944]. These responses, easily observed, are produced by diverse mechanisms.


Sodium Lauryl Sulfate Skin Irritation Benzalkonium Chloride Luminescent Bacterium Ocular Irritation 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sunita Patil
    • 1
  • Jeff Harvell
    • 1
  • Howard I. Maibach
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Dermatolgy, Surge 110University of California, San FranciscoSan FranciscoUSA

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