River Runoff Data for the Validation of Climate Simulation Models

  • Nigel W. Arnell
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (volume 31)


Climate model validation involves the comparison of model simulations with observed data. River runoff is a major part of the water balance, and represents one of the most important diagnostic variables of a climate model. Compared to other elements of the water balance — precipitation, evaporation and storage — runoff is easy to measure, and furthermore provides data on water fluxes integrated over both time and space. Areal actual evaporation is very difficult to measure, but can be inferred from observed runoff and precipitation. The ability of a climate model to simulate the partitioning of energy at the land surface into latent and sensible heat fluxes can therefore be assessed using observed precipitation and runoff data.


Annual Runoff Runoff Data Simulated Runoff Monthly Runoff Average Annual Runoff 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nigel W. Arnell
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of HydrologyWallingford, OxonUK

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