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Implantierbare Hörgeräte: eine neue Ära der Otologie?

  • H. Niehaus
Part of the HNO Praxis Heute book series (HNO, volume 15)

Zusammenfassung

Das Konzept der elektrischen Stimulation des Hörnervs geht auf Volta zurück, der bereits gegen Ende des 18. Jahrhunderts die ersten Versuche unternahm. Im Jahre 1900 entwickelte Alt in Österreich das erste elektronische Hörgerät mit Hilfe eines Kohlenstoffmikrofones. Das moderne technologische Zeitalter war hiermit geboren. Es reichte von den Kohlenstoffsystemen zu der Hörrohrperiode in den 20er Jahren dieses Jahrhunderts. Mit der Einführung des Transistors 1952 begann die Ära der Miniaturisation der Hörgeräte, welche durch die Einführung der Induktionsspule 1964 unterstützt wurde. Demzufolge kamen mit Hilfe des integrierten Schaltkreises neben dem Taschenhörgerät, das HdO- und zuletzt 1965 das IO-Gerät auf den Markt [23, 26, 36].

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1995

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  • H. Niehaus

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