Cold Tolerance in “Lower” Invertebrates
Nematodes are found in a wide variety of habitats that are exposed to subzero temperatures during winter. This applies to free-living soil--dwelling nematodes, many plant parasites and the free-living stages of nematodes parasitic on vertebrates and invertebrates. Nematodes are important components of the terrestrial alpine and polar fauna. They occur in enormous numbers both in the soil and associated with vegetation. In hot desert soils they are most numerous close to shrubs and other plants, and in moist habitats on the borders of deserts (Chap. 2.1.2).
KeywordsCold Tolerance Freeze Tolerance Cold Hardiness Subzero Temperature Terrestrial Arthropod
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