Cold Tolerance in “Lower” Invertebrates

  • Lauritz Sømme
Part of the Adaptations of Desert Organisms book series (DESERT ORGAN.)


Nematodes are found in a wide variety of habitats that are exposed to subzero temperatures during winter. This applies to free-living soil--dwelling nematodes, many plant parasites and the free-living stages of nematodes parasitic on vertebrates and invertebrates. Nematodes are important components of the terrestrial alpine and polar fauna. They occur in enormous numbers both in the soil and associated with vegetation. In hot desert soils they are most numerous close to shrubs and other plants, and in moist habitats on the borders of deserts (Chap. 2.1.2).


Crystallization Glycerol Hydrate Carbohydrate Sludge 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lauritz Sømme
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiologyUniversity of OsloOsloNorway

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