Heavy Metal Contamination of Soils: Reuse versus Disposal

  • J. Matschullat
Part of the Environmental Science book series (ESE)

Abstract

More and more, sites of heavily contaminated soils are being detected in most industrialized countries. In Germany alone, about 138 722 sites were registered within the past few years, while estimates of 244 926 sites are being discussed (data from Umweltbundesamt, Berlin 1994). According to the increased standards for polluted soils (e. g. German sewage sludge standards/Klarschlammverordnung from 1992), demand is high to find solutions to the problem of safe contaminant disposal.

Keywords

Zinc Migration Sludge Cadmium Arsenic 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bo wen HJM (1979) Environmental Chemistry of the Elements. Academic Press, London,Google Scholar
  2. Govindaraju K (1989) Compilation of working values and sample description for 272Google Scholar
  3. Geostandards. Geostandards Newsletter. International Working Group “Analytical Standards of Minerals, Ores, and Rocks”, Vandoevre-lés-Nancy XIII, 113 S.Google Scholar
  4. Hiller F, Hartinger L, Kiehne H-A, Niklas H, Schiele R, Steil H-U (1990) Die Batterie und die Umwelt. ( Kontakt & Studium) Expert Verlag, EsslingenGoogle Scholar
  5. Kinner UH, Kötter L, Niklauß M, Dodt J (1986) Branchentypische Inventarisierung von Bodenkontaminationen - ein erster Schritt zur Gefährdungsabschätzung für ehemalige Betriebsgelände. Umweltbundesamt, Forschungsbericht 107 03 001, UBA-FB 86 – 016, Erich Schmidt Verlag, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  6. Matschullat J, Niehoff N, Pörtge K-H (1991) Zur Element-Dispersion an Fluß sedimenten der Oker ( Niedersachsen); röntgenfluoreszenz-spektrometrische Untersuchungen. Z Dtsch Geol Ges 142: 339–349Google Scholar
  7. Nowak H, Preul F (1971) Untersuchungen über Blei- und Zinkgehalte in Gewässern des Westharzes. (Geol. Jahrb. Beih.) HannoverGoogle Scholar
  8. Umweltbundesamt (ed)(1994) Daten zur Umwelt 1992/93. Erich Schmidt Verlag, Berlin, 688 ppGoogle Scholar
  9. Wedepohl K-H (1995) The composition of the continental crust. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 59,7;1217–1232CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Matschullat

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations