Traumatic Thrombosis of the Internal Carotid Artery: Two Cases by Different Pathogenesis
The thrombosis of the carotid artery resulting from non-penetrating trauma is a not frequent, but well known event and it has been reported in the literature since a long time (Clarke et al. 1955, Yamada et al. 1967, Fleming et al. 1968, Gurdjian et al. 1971). Crissey and Bernstein (1974) described four pathogenetic mechanisms of the thrombosis: 1) a direct blow to the neck, 2) a blow to the side of the head resulting in hyperextension and rotation of the head with stretching of the carotid artery and consequent rupture of the intima, 3) an intraoral blunt trauma, 4) basal or other skull fractures that can damage the intrapetrous portion of the internal carotid artery.
KeywordsCarotid Artery Internal Carotid Artery Pathogenetic Mechanism Carotid Artery Occlusion Neck Trauma
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