Input-Output Formulation of Optical Cavities
In preceding chapters we have used a master-equation treatment to calculate the photon statistics inside an optical cavity when the internal field is damped. This approach is based on treating the field external to the cavity, to which the system is coupled, as a heat bath. The heat bath is simply a passive system with which the system gradually comes into equilibrium. In this chapter we will explicitly treat the heat bath as the external cavity field, our object being to determine the effect of the intracavity dynamics on the quantum statistics of the output field. Within this perspective we will also treat the field input to the cavity explicitly. This approach is necessary in the case of squeezed state generation due to interference effects at the interface between the intracavity field and the output field.
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