Quantum Optics pp 261-279 | Cite as

Bells Inequalities in Quantum Optics

  • D. F. Walls
  • G. J. Milburn
Part of the Springer Study Edition book series (SSE)


The early days of quantum mechanics were characterised by debates over the applicability of established classical concepts, such as position and momentum, to the new formulation of mechanics. The issues became quite distinct in the protracted exchange between A. Einstein and N. Bohr, culminating in the paper of Einstein, Podolsky and Rosen (EPR) in 1935 [14.1]. Bohr, in his response to this paper, [14.2] expanded upon his concept of complementarity and showed that the EPR argument did not establish the incompleteness of quantum mechanics, as EPR had claimed, but rather highlighted the inapplicability of classical modes of description in the quantum domain. A. Einstein, however, did not accept this position and the two sides of the debate remained unreconciled, while most physicists generally believed that N. Bohr’s argument carried the day.


Beam Splitter Polarisation Analyser Local Oscillator Bell Inequality Classical Wave 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. F. Walls
    • 1
  • G. J. Milburn
    • 2
  1. 1.University of AucklandAucklandNew Zealand
  2. 2.Physics DepartmentUniversity of QueenslandSt. LuciaAustralia

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