Advertisement

Caribbean Region: Perspectives on Petroleum

  • Arthur A. Meyerhoff
  • Anthony E. L. Morris
  • Irfan Taner
Part of the Circum-Pacific Council for Energy and Mineral Resources Earth Science Series book series (CIRCUM-PACIFIC, volume 16)

Abstract

The Caribbean region unambiguously illustrates several principles of petroleum geology, the most important of which is that tectonic stability in the continental platform environment is essential to the generation, accumulation, and preservation of petroleum. Platform blocks account for 99.99 percent of the region’s cumulative production and proved oil and gas reserves, 95 percent of its oil resources (oil still to be discovered), and 87 percent of its gas resources (gas still to be discovered). However, a platform can be too stable, as illustrated by large parts of the Yucatan and Florida-Bahamas platforms where production and reserves are nil. In contrast, the mobile-belt environment ultimately leads to the destruction of generated petroleum, unless the mobile belt becomes stabilized by accretion to an already-existing platform. Use of these principles in the Caribbean suggests that future exploration should be concentrated almost entirely in stable blocks. However, the search for future reserves should not be limited to rocks of Late Jurassic through Pleistocene ages, as it has been in the past, but expanded to include a concerted search in late Paleozoic rocks whose platform facies are well developed in at least two large areas of the Caribbean region.

Keywords

Late Jurassic None None Mobile Belt Caribbean Region Stable Block 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References Cited

  1. American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, various issues, 1947–1987.Google Scholar
  2. Ayaleto-E., M., and L. W. Louder, 1974, The geology and exploration potential of the heavy oil sands of Venezuela (the Orinoco Heavy Oil Belt), in L. V. Hills, ed., Oil sands of the future: Canadian Society of Petroleum Geologists Memoir 3, p. 1–18.Google Scholar
  3. Benjamini, C., R. Shagam, and A. Menéndez-V., 1987, (Late?) Paleozoic age for the “Cretaceous” Tucutunemo Formation, northern Venezuela: Stratigraphic and tectonic implications: Geology, v. 15, no. 10, p. 922–926.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bowen, J. M., 1972, Estratigrafía del precretaceo en la parte norte de la Sierra de Perija, in Cuarto Congreso Geológico Venezolano, Memoria, t. II: Caracas, Ministerio de Minas e Hidrocarburos, Dirección de Geología, Boletín Geológico, Publicación Especial no. 5, p. 729–761.Google Scholar
  5. Brodermann, J., F. Villoch, and A. Andreu, 1945, Yacimientos asfaltíferos de Cuba: La Habana, Dirección de Montes, Minas y Aguas, Boletín de Minas no. 19, 191p.Google Scholar
  6. Biirgl, H., 1973, Precambrian to middle Cretaceous stratigraphy of Colombia: privately published by C. G. Allen and N. R. Rowlinson, Bogota, 214 p.Google Scholar
  7. Butterlin, J., 1977, Géologie structurale de la région des Caraïbes (Mexique-Amérique Centrale-Antilles-Cordillère Caraïbe): Paris, Masson, 259 p.Google Scholar
  8. Carfantan, J.-C.,1981, Evolución estructural del sureste de México: Paleogeografía e historia tectónica de las zonas internas Mesozóicas: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Instituto de Geología, Revista, v. 5, no. 2, p. 207–216.Google Scholar
  9. Case, J. E., and T. L. Holcombe, 1980, Geologic-tectonic map of the Caribbean region: U.S. Geological Survey, Miscellaneous Investigations Series, Map I-1100, scale, 1:2,500,000, 3 sheets.Google Scholar
  10. Companía Shell de Venezuela, and Creole Petroleum Corporation, 1964, Paleozoic rocks of Mérida Andes, Venezuela: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 48, no. 1, p. 7084.Google Scholar
  11. DeGolyer and McNaughton, 1976–1987, Twentieth century petroleum statistics.Google Scholar
  12. Dillon, W. P., and J. G. Vedder,1973, Structure and development of the continental margin of British Honduras: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 84, no. 8, p. 2713–2732.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Dixon, C. G., 1956, Geology of southern British Honduras, with notes on adjacent areas: Belize, Government Printer, 85 p.Google Scholar
  14. Feo-Codecido, G., F. D. Smith, Jr., N. Aboud, and E. de Di Giacomo, 1984, B asement and Paleozoic rocks of the Venezuelan Llanos basins, in W. E. Bonini, R. B. Hargraves, and R. Shagam, eds., The Caribbean-South American plate boundary and regional tectonics: Geological Society of America Memoir 162, p.175–187.Google Scholar
  15. Fiorillo, G., 1987, Exploration and evaluation of the Orinoco Oil Belt, in R. F. Meyer, ed., Exploration for heavy crude oil and natural bitumen: American Associations of Petroleum Geologists Studies in Geology no. 25, p. 103–115.Google Scholar
  16. Gonzalez de Juana, C., J. M. Iturralde de Arozena, and X. PicardCadillat, 1980, Geología de Venezuela y de sus cuencas petrolíferas: Caracas, Ediciones Foninves, 2 v., 1031 p.Google Scholar
  17. Hatten, C. W., M. Somin, G. Milian, P. Renne, R. W. Kistler, and J. M. Mattinson, 1988, Tectonostratigraphic units of central Cuba, in L. Barker and J. Gordon, eds., Review, 11th Caribbean geological congress transactions, 20th to 26th July, 1986, Bridgetown, Barbados: Bridgetown, Ministry of Finance, Energy Division, Paper 36, p. 1–12.Google Scholar
  18. Home, G. S., G. S. Clark, and P. Pushkar, 1976, Pre-Cretaceous rocks of northwestern Honduras: Basement ternane in Sierra de Omoa: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 60, no. 4, p. 566–583.Google Scholar
  19. International Petroleum Encyclopedia, 1975–1987.Google Scholar
  20. Irving, E.M., 1975, Structural evolution of the northernmost Andes, Colombia: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 846, 47p.Google Scholar
  21. Iturralde-Vinent, M.,1989, Características generates del magmatismo de margen continental de Cuba (abs.), in Geología ‘89, Primer Congreso Cubano de Geología, Programa y Resíunenes: La Habana, Sociedad Cubana de Geologia, p. 207.Google Scholar
  22. Joyce, J., and J. Aronson, 1983, K-Ar age dates for blueschist metamorphism on the Samaria Peninsula, Dominican Republic: Tenth Caribbean Geological Conference, Cartagena, 1983, preprint, 8 p.Google Scholar
  23. Khayan, M., 1984, Proposed classification and definitions of heavy crude oils and tar sands, in R. F. Meyer, J. C. Wynn, and J. C. Olson, eds., The future of heavy crude and tar sands: New York, McGraw-H ill, Inc., Coal Age Mining Information Sources, p. 7–11.Google Scholar
  24. Khudoley, K. M., and A. A. Meyerhoff, 1971, Paleogeography and geological history of Greater Antilles: Geological Society of America Memoir 129, 199 p.Google Scholar
  25. Knipper, A. L., and R. Cabrera, 1974, Tectónica y geología histórica de la zona de articulación entre el mio-y eugeosinclinal y del cinturón hiperbasico de Cuba, in Contribución a la geología de Cuba: La Habana, Academia de Ciencias de Cuba, Instituto de Geologia y Paleontología, Publicación Especial no. 2, p. 15–77.Google Scholar
  26. MacDonald, W. D., 1972, Late Paleozoic tectonics of northern South America: Rio de Janeiro, AcademiaBrasileria das Ciências, Anais, v. 44 (Suplemento), p. 197–208.Google Scholar
  27. Marrero, L., 1964, Venezuela y sus recursos: Caracas, Cultural Venezolana, S. A., 700 p.Google Scholar
  28. Maurrasse, F., J. Robert, J. Claude, and A. Loctamar, 1983, Geologic characteristics of the Massanga rock asphalt deposit, Southern Peninsula of Haiti (abs.), in X Caribbean Geological Caribbean Region: Perspectives on Petroleum 83Google Scholar
  29. Conference, Cartagena, 1983, Program and abstracts of papers: Bogota, INGEOMINAS, p. 52.Google Scholar
  30. Meyer, R. F., and C. J. Schenk, 1988, An estimate of world resources of heavy crude oil and natural bitumen, in R. F. Meyer, ed., UNITAR/UNDP International conference on heavy crude and tar sands, 4th, 1988, Edmonton: Edmonton, Alberta Oil Sands Technology and Research Authority, p. 73–83.Google Scholar
  31. Meyerhoff, A. A., 1967, Future hydrocarbon provinces of Gulf of Mexico-Caribbean region: Gulf Coast Association of Geological Societies Transactions, v. 17, p. 217–260.Google Scholar
  32. Meyerhoff, A. A., A. E. L. Morris, and I. Taner, 1989, Tectonic evolution of the Caribbean region (abs.), in New concepts in global tectonics, a symposium, Smithsonian Institution and Texas Tech University, July 20–21, 1989, Washington, D. C., Program with abstracts: Lubbock, Texas Tech University Press, in press.Google Scholar
  33. Morris, A. E. L., I. Taner, H. A. Meyerhoff, and A. A. Meyerhoff, 1989a, Tectonic evolution of the Caribbean region: Alternative hypothesis, in The geology of North America, v. H., The Caribbean region: Geological Society of America, Decade of North American Geology, in press.Google Scholar
  34. Morris, A. E. L., A. A. Meyerhoff, I. Taner, R. Bueno-Salazar, and G. A. Young, 1989b, Energy resources of the Caribbean region, in The geology of North America, v. H., The Caribbean region: Geological Society of America, Decade of North American Geology, in press.Google Scholar
  35. Oil and Gas Journal, various issues.Google Scholar
  36. Pardo, G., 1975, Geology of Cuba, in A. E. M. Naim and F. G. Stehli, eds., The ocean basins and margins, v. 3., The Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean: New York, Plenum Press, p. 553–615.Google Scholar
  37. Pindell,J., and J. F. Dewey,1982, Permo-Triassic reconstruction of Pangea and the evolution of the Gulf of Mexico/Caribbean region: Tectonics, v. 1, no. 2, p. 179–211.Google Scholar
  38. Pyle, T. E., A. A. Meyerhoff, D. A. Fahlquist, J. W. Antoine, J. A. McCrevey, and P. C. Jones, 1973, Metamorphic rocks from northwestern Caribbean Sea: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 18, p. 339–344.Google Scholar
  39. Rambarran, H.,1987, Significance of gravity segregation in heavy-oil distribution, Forest ‘A’ reservoir, Parrylands field, Trinidad, West Indies, in R. F. Meyer, ed., Exploration for heavy crude oil and natural bitumen: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin Studies in Geology no. 25, p. 281–291.Google Scholar
  40. Renne, P. R., J. M. Mattinson, C. W. Hatten, M. Somin, G. Milian, and E. Linares, 1989, Confirmation of late Proterozoic age for the Socorro Complex of north-central Cuba from 40Ar/39Ar and U-Pb dating (abs.), in Geologia’ 89, Primer Congreso Cubano de Geología,Programay Resíunenes: La Habana, SociedadCubana de Geología, p. 118.Google Scholar
  41. Semenovich, V. V., and Yu. G. Namenistnikov, 1981, Neftegazonosnyye basseyny sotsialisticheskikh stran Evropy (NRB, VNR, GDR, PNR, SRR, SSSR, ChSSR i SGRYu) i respubliki Kuba: Moscow, Sovet Ekonomicheskoy Vzaimopomoshchi, 400 p.Google Scholar
  42. Somin, M. L., and G. Milian, 1977, Sobre la edad de rocas metamórficas cubanas: Academia de Ciencias de Cuba,Instituto de Geología y Paleontología, Informe Científico-Técnico, no. 2, 11p.Google Scholar
  43. Sotsialista Industriva, 1984, in Petroconsultants, Review of Soviet oil, v. 19, no. 5, p. 88–93.Google Scholar
  44. Tator, B. A., and L. E. Hatfield, 1975, Bahamas present complex geology: Oil and Gas Journal, v. 73, no. 43, p. 172–176Google Scholar
  45. Tator, B. A., and L. E. Hatfield, 1975, Bahamas present complex geology: Oil and Gas Journal, v. 73, no. 44, p. 120–122.Google Scholar
  46. Thompson, M. L., and A. K. Miller, 1944, The Permian of southernmost Mexico and its fusulinid fauna: Journal of Paleontology, v. 18, no. 6, p. 481–504.Google Scholar
  47. Tikhomirov, I. N., E. de los Santos, A. L. Vtulochkin, A. Bruto, A. V. Dovbnya, E. Linares, B. A. Markovskiy, V.A. Trofomov, and G. Furrazola, 1988, Novyye dannyye po geologii Kuby: Sovetskaya Geologiya, no. 1, p. 58–66.Google Scholar
  48. U.S. Department of Energy, 1977–1983, Energy data report: world natural gas.Google Scholar
  49. Urbani, F., 1983, Las rocas graníticas del area de Las TrincherasMariara, Estado Carabobo: Geología y edad: Acta Científica Venezolana, v. 34 (Suplemento 1), p. 93.Google Scholar
  50. Venezuela, Ministerio de Energia y Minas, 1976–1985, Memoria y cuenta.Google Scholar
  51. Viniegra-O., F., 1981, Great carbonate bank of Yucatan: Journal of Petroleum Geology, v. 3, no. 3, p. 247–278.Google Scholar
  52. Walper, J. L., 1960, Geology of Coban-Purulha area, Alta Verapaz, Guatemala: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 44, no. 8, p. 1273–1315.Google Scholar
  53. Weyl, R., 1980, Geology of Central America: Berlin, Gebrüder Borntraeger, 371 p.Google Scholar
  54. Wilson, H. H., 1974, Cretaceous sedimentation and orogeny in nuclear Central America: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 58, no. 7, p. 1348–1396.Google Scholar
  55. Zamora, L., and G. Zambrano, 1984, Occurrences of heavy and extra-heavy crude oil deposits in Venezuela, other than the Orinoco Oil Belt, in R. F. Meyer, J. C. Wynn, and J. C. Olson, eds., The future of heavy crude and tar sands: New York, McGraw-Hill, Inc., Coal Age Mining Infonnation Services, p. 159–168.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Circum-Pacific Council for Energy and Mineral Resources 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arthur A. Meyerhoff
    • 1
  • Anthony E. L. Morris
    • 2
  • Irfan Taner
    • 3
  1. 1.TulsaUSA
  2. 2.Los AngelesUSA
  3. 3.TulsaUSA

Personalised recommendations