Qualitative and Quantitative Criteria Defining a “Healthy” Ecosystem

  • François Ramade
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (volume 28)


As Costanza et al. have previously pointed out (1992), the terms “health” and “integrity” are used widely in policy documents and scientific publications regarding environmental protection. However, although the term “healthy” ecosystem has been in use for a long time, its representativeness regarding ecological reality and therefore relevance may still be contended. Defining a “healthy” ecosystem is a more complex task than might be expected.


Biogeochemical Cycle Anthropogenic Disturbance Ecosystem Health Early Successional Stage Ecotoxicological Effect 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • François Ramade
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Ecology and Zoology, Bat 442University of Paris-SudOrsayFrance

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