Imaging of frontoethmoidal encephalomeningoceles

  • N. Suwanwela
  • C. Suwanwela
Conference paper


An exceptionally high incidence of frontoethmoidal encephalomeningocele is found in Southeast Asia. Diagnosis, with details of the bones and intracranial abnormalities, must be studied for treatment. Bone defects in 120 patients were assessed on plain radiograms. CT in 110 patients was found to be useful for confirming the diagnosis, classifying the lesions and demonstrating more details of facial abnormalities. The content of the sac and intracranial abnormalities can be assessed by CT, but MRI is more useful in demonstrating the details in multiple planes. MRI and MRA are non-invasive studies of the blood vessels at the base of the brain. These also help in the planning and selection of an operative approach.

key words

Frontoethmoidal encephalomeningocele Computed tomography Magnetic resonance imaging Magnetic resonance angiography 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. Suwanwela
    • 1
  • C. Suwanwela
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of RadiologyChulalongkorn UniversityBangkokThailand
  2. 2.Department of SurgeryChulalongkorn UniversityBangkokThailand

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