Advertisement

Immune Parameters, Musical Abilities, and Anomalous Dominance

  • Marianne Hassler
Conference paper

Summary

In young adult musicians and nonmusicans of both sexes we investigated the relationship of musical talent to immune parameters and indicators of anomalous dominance. In addition to the behavioral markers asthma/allergies, migraine, and myopia, we measured Immunoglobulin (IgE) and total Ig in blood serum as indicators of immune vulnerability. To test predictions from the Geschwind model of cerebral lateralization (Geschwind and Galaburda 1985), we used a formal path model suggested by McManus and Bryden (1991). In males, the model was in part supported by the data. Musical talent was significantly correlated with atypical language dominance and atypical handedness, and atypical handedness was significantly correlated with immune diseases. Correlations between musical talent and immune parameters were in the expected direction, though they did not reach significance in males and females. Missing significant correlations between conditions in females seem to suggest the Geschwind model may be more appropriate for males than for females.

Keywords

Corpus Callosum Immune Parameter Laterality Index Immune Disease Wing Test 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Benbow CP (1987) Possible biological correlates of precocious mathematical reasoning ability. Trends Neurosci 10:17–20CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bernstein B (1982) Family matters. Summit, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  3. Bever TG, Chiarello RI (1974) Cerebral dominance in musicians and non-musicians. Science 185:537–540PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Boucourechliev A (1958) Schumann. Rowohlt, Reinbeck (rororo Bild Monographien)Google Scholar
  5. Bourniquel C (1959) Chopin. Rowohlt, Reinbeck (rororo Bild Monographien)Google Scholar
  6. Byrne B (1974) Handedness and musical ability. Br J Psychol 65:279–281PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Deutsch D (1980) Handedness and memory for tonal pitch. In Herron J (ed) Neuropsychology of lefthandedness. Academic, New York, pp 263–272Google Scholar
  8. Frick OL (1987) Immediate hypersensitivity. In: Stites DP, Stobo JD, Wells JV (ed) Basic and clinical immunology, 6th Edn. Appleton and Lange, East Norwalk, pp 197–227.Google Scholar
  9. Gardner H (1982) The music of the hemispheres. Psychol Today June:91–92Google Scholar
  10. Geschwind N, Behan P (1982) Left-handedness: associations with immune disease, migraine, and developmental learning disorder. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 79:5097–5100PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Geschwind N, Galaburda AM (1985) Cerebral lateralization. Biological mechanisms, associations, and pathology: I. A hypothesis and a program for research. Arch Neurol 42:428–459PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Gordon HW (1983) Music and the right hemisphere. In Young AW (ed) Functions of the right cerebral hemisphere. Academic, New York, pp 65–86Google Scholar
  13. Hassler M (1990) Functional cerebral asymmetries and cognitive abilities in musicians, painters, and controls. Brain Cogn 13:1–17PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Hassler M (1992) Creative musical behavior and sex hormones: musical talent and spatial ability in the two sexes. Psychoneuroendocrinology 17:55–70PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Hassler M, Birbaumer N, Teil A (1985) Musical talent and visual-spatial ability: a longitudinal study. Psychol Music 13:99–113CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Hassler M, Birbaumer N (1988) Handedness, musical abilities, and dichaptic and dichotic performance in adolescents: a longitudinal study. Dev Neuropsychol 4:129–145CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Hassler M, Gupta D, Wollmann H (1992) Testosterone, estradiol, ACTH and musical, spatial and verbal performance. Int J Neurosci 65:45–60PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Judd T (1988) The varieties of musical talent. In Obler LK, Fein D (eds) The exceptional brain. Guilford, New York, pp 127–155Google Scholar
  19. McCruden AB, Stimson WH (1991) Sex hormones and immune function. In Ader R, Felten DL, Cohen N (eds) Psychoneuroimmunology, 2nd edn. Academic, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  20. McManus IC, Bryden MP (1991) Geschwind’s theory of cerebral lateralization: developing a formal causal model. Psychol Bull 110:237–253PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Meyer-Bahlburg HFL (1984) Psychoendocrine research on sexual orientation. Current status and future options. In: de Vries GJ, de Bruin JPC, Uylings HBM, Comer MA (eds) Sex differences in the brain. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 375–398Google Scholar
  22. Nieschlag E (1979) The endocrine function of the human testis in regard to sexuality, sex, hormones and behaviour. Ciba Found Symp 62:182–208Google Scholar
  23. Porac C, Coren S, Steiger JH, Duncan P (1980) Human laterality: a multidimensional approach. Can J Psychol 34:91–96CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Renoux G (1988) The cortex regulates the immune system and the activities of the T-cell specific immunopotentiator. Int J Neurosci 39:177–187PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. ScherliessV (1975) Alban Berg. Rowohlt, Reinbeck (rororo Bild Monographien)Google Scholar
  26. Schneider M (1958) Schubert Rowohlt, Reinbeck (rororo Bild Monographien)Google Scholar
  27. Schreiber W (1971) Mahler. Rowohlt, Reinbeck (rororo Bild Monographien)Google Scholar
  28. Temple CM (1990) Academic discipline, handedness, and immune disorders. Neuropsychologia 28:303–308PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Wing H (1968) Tests of musical ability and appreciation, 2nd edn. The Br J Psychol Monogr Suppl 27Google Scholar
  30. Witelson SF (1985) The brain connection: the corpus callosum is larger in lefthanders. Science 229:665–668PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Witelson SF (1991) Neural sexual mosaicism: sexual differentiation of the human temporo-parietal region for functional asymmetry. Psychoneuroendocrinology 16:131–153PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Witelson SF, Goldsmith CH (1991) The relationship of hand preference to anatomy of the corpus callosum in men. Brain Res 545:175–182PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marianne Hassler

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations