• Erik Mosekilde
  • Ole G. Mouritsen
Part of the Springer Series in Synergetics book series (SSSYN, volume 65)


Dynamical phenomena in living systems occur on an extremely broad range of length and time scales.

The fastest molecular modes, such as small conformational changes in a macromolecule, that may eventually influence a process in a living system typically occur in the range of 10-12 — 10-9 sec whereas some evolutionary processes take place on geological time scales as long as 1012 —1016 sec. Within this enormous span of time, life processes of all sorts outplay themselves; a protein may fold into an active state in less than a second, processes and flow regulation in the nephrons of the kidney take place with time delays of several seconds, and the bones in a mammalian subject undergo remodelling over periods of years.


Living System Mutual Coupling Life Process Geological Time Scale Present Volume 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Erik Mosekilde
  • Ole G. Mouritsen

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