Extrication and Immobilization of the Severe Trauma Victim: How It Is Done

  • W. Ummenhofer
  • H. Pargger
  • U. Boenicke
  • D. Scheidegger
Part of the Update in Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine book series (UICM, volume 22)


The rescue techniques used for the entrapped patient depend on the nature of the accident and surrounding situation, the resources of the rescue team, the impending danger for patient and rescuers, the patient’s stage of injury, and the amount of time required for extrication.


Cervical Spine Medical Team Emergency Medical Team Cervical Collar Rescue Team 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Schou J (1992) Rescue techniques. In: Schou J (ed) Prehospital emergency medicine. Alix, Cambridge, pp 357–363Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Stratmann D (1993) Zusammenarbeit im Einsatz von Rettungsdienst und Feuerwehr. Notarzt 9:2–5Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Zeisel U (1992) Mit der technischen Hilfe auseinandersetzen. Notfallmedizin 18:286–291Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Holzl G (1993) Technische Aspekte bei Unfällen mit U-Bahn und Oberleitungsfahrzeugen. Notarzt 9:7–9Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Caroline NL (1991) Rescue and extrication. In: Caroline NL (ed) Emergency care in the streets, 4th edn. Little Brown, Boston, pp 865–872Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Erbe RD (1994) Airbag-Bombe hinter dem Lenkrad? Sicherheitshinweise fur den RD. Rettungsdienst 17:14–17Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Alexander RH, Proctor HJ (1993) Initial assessment and management. In: Alexander RH, Proctor HJ (eds) Advanced trauma life support course for physicians, 5th edn. ATLS student manual. American College of Surgeons, Chicago, pp 17–37Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Claussen V (1993) Der “patientengerechte” Einsatz hydraulischer Rettungsgeräte. Notarzt 9:29–32Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Delooz H, Lewi P, Buylaert W et al (1989) Cardio-pulmonary-cerebral resuscitation. Resuscitation 17 [Suppl]: 1–206CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Delooz H (1994) Cardiopulmonary resuscitation. In: Grande CM (ed) Resuscitation and trauma anaesthesia. Curr Opin Anaesthesiol 7:171–176Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Schmidt U, Frame SB, Nerlich ML et al (1992) On-scene helicopter transport of patients with multiple injuries: comparison of a German and an American system. J Trauma 33:548–553PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Sampalis JS, Lavoie A, Williams JI, Mulder DS, Kalina M (1993) Impact of on-site care, prehospital time, and level of in-hospital care on survival in severely injured patients. J Trauma 34:252–261PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Stern SA, Dronen SC, Birrer P, Wang X (1993) Effect of blood pressure on hemorrhage volume and survival in a near-fatal model incorporating a vascular injury. Ann Emerg Med 22:155–163PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Adamek L (1987) Die Rettung eingeklemmter Personen — technische Möglichkeiten und medizinische Notwendigkeiten. Notfallmedizin 13:236–244Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    McSwain NE (1989) Acute management of cervical spine trauma. In: McSwain NE, Martinez JA, Timberlake GA (eds) Cervical spine trauma. Thieme, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Howell JM, Burrow R, Dumontier C, Hillyard A (1989) A practical radiographic comparison of short board technique and Kendrick extrication device. Ann Emerg Med 18:943–946PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. Ummenhofer
  • H. Pargger
  • U. Boenicke
  • D. Scheidegger

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations