Polyethylene Glycol-Mediated Direct Gene Transfer to Tobacco Protoplasts and Regeneration of Transgenic Plants

  • G. Spangenberg
  • I. Potrykus
Part of the Springer Lab Manual book series (SLM)


The protocol detailed below describes the procedure for the transient and stable transformation of leaf protoplasts obtained from axenic shoot cultures of Nicotiana tabacum L. cv. Petit Havana SR1, a widely used tobacco genotype with model character (Maliga et al. 1973). The protoplasts are isolated following a modified protocol of Nagy and Maliga (1976). The transformation procedure mediated by polyethylene glycol (PEG) is a simplified version of the protocol by Negrutiu et al. (1987). For recovery of stable transformants, treated protoplasts are grown and selected in bead-type culture (Shillito et al. 1983), and plant regeneration from transformed calli is according to Potrykus and Shillito (1986) with modifications.


Shoot Culture Mesophyll Protoplast Laminar Flow Hood Tobacco Protoplast Direct Gene Transfer 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Spangenberg
  • I. Potrykus

There are no affiliations available

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