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Endothelial Modulation of Myocardial Contraction: a Novel Cardioregulatory Mechanism?

  • C. B. Pepper
  • A. M. Shah
Conference paper
Part of the Yearbook of Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine book series (YEARBOOK, volume 1995)

Abstract

The vascular endothelium consists of a monolayer of cells forming a continuous lining of all blood vessels (with the exception of the spleen). As such, it is in intimate contact with every tissue and is thus in a prime position to exert influence over organ function. The heart contains two types of endothelial cells; vascular and endocardial. Although similar, they show both anatomical and functional differences [1]. The myocardium is richly vascularized, and it has been estimated that any cardiac myocyte is only a few microns away from a capillary vascular endothelial cell. Endocardial endothelial cells (EEC), by contrast, line the cardiac cavities and are in close contact with a relatively small mass of myocardium.

Keywords

Nitric Oxide Nitric Oxide Papillary Muscle Sodium Nitroprusside Myocardial Contraction 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. B. Pepper
  • A. M. Shah

There are no affiliations available

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