Effect of Position and Posture on the Respiratory System

  • A. Broccard
  • J. J. Marini
Part of the Yearbook of Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine book series (YEARBOOK, volume 1995)


Gravitational stress and frequent changes of body position are integral to normal activity. Treatment in a critical care setting, however, often entails prolonged recumbency, unchanging position, and even complete ablation of skeletal muscle tone and spontaneous movement. Early mobilization and ambulation have become routine in post-operative management in order to prevent such post-surgical complications as atelectasis and pneumonia. In other critical care settings, however, relatively little attention has been paid to assuring frequent position changes, except for routine nursing care aimed at preventing cutaneous ulceration.


Acute Lung Injury Prone Position Lung Volume Functional Residual Capacity Dependent Lung 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Broccard
  • J. J. Marini

There are no affiliations available

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