Cuticular Characteristics in the Detection of Plant Stress Due to Air Pollution — New Problems in the Use of these Cuticular Characteristics

  • Jean-Pierre Garrec
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (volume 36)


The foliar surface, and particularly the cuticle, is the first zone of impact of air pollutants on leaves. At the level of the cuticle, it is mainly studies on the modifications of the physico-chemical properties of the waxes that allow us to detect and estimate plant stress. However, during recent years, with modifications in the nature and level of air pollution (decrease of primary pollutants: SO2, HF; increase of secondary pollutants: O3, acid deposits; increase of nitrogen deposits; increase of organic micropollutants; appearence of global environmental problems: CO2, climatic change), the physiological impact on plants and in particular on the cuticle is different. For this reason, new problems have appeared and use of cuticular characteristics in the detection of plant stress due to air pollutants has recently evolved. Some examples are given, but much remains to be done to understand the effects on the cuticle of these new modifications of the atmospheric environment of plants.


Scanning Electron Micro Physiological Impact Primary Pollutant Organic Micropollutants Peroxyacetyl Nitrate 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jean-Pierre Garrec
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratoire Pollution atmosphériqueINRA — Centre de Recherches forestières de NancyChampenouxFrance

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