Modeling Long-Term Climatic Changes

  • Sylvie Joussaume
Conference paper
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (volume 22)


A complete hierarchy of climate models has been developed to help understand past climatic changes, from simple climate models (Taylor, this volume) to general circulation models. In the present paper, we overview the use of atmospheric general circulation models and illustrate it with some examples. In part one we give an introduction to the climate system in order to better understand the role of the various components of the climate system and of the various time scales and forcings involved in past climatic changes. More detailed papers can be found in the literature and will be referred to for further reading.


Climate System Glacial Maximum Atmospheric General Circulation Model Continental Drift Past Climatic Change 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sylvie Joussaume
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Laboratoire de Modélisation du Climat et de l’Environnement DSMGif sur Yvette CedexFrance
  2. 2.Laboratoire d’Océanographie Dynamique et de Climatologie Unité mixte CNRS/Université/ORSTOMParisFrance

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