Changes in the Species Diversity of Ground Beetles (Coleoptera, Carabidae) Following Disturbances

  • A. Georges
Conference paper
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (volume 20)

Abstract

Disturbances affect community structure at various hierarchical levels and spatial scales, which usually complicates the interpretation of species occurrence and the research of causal relationship to environmental variables. Nevertheless species composition and abundance analyses assume primary importance for conservation purposes and trends in species composition in fragmented landscapes suggest that a more comprehensive view is required for maintenance of diversity (Noss, 1983).

Keywords

Clay Porosity Maize Lime Compaction 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Benzecri JP (1976) L’analyse des données. 2 L’analyse des correspondances. Paris, DunodGoogle Scholar
  2. den Boer PJ (1986) Carabids as objects of study. Pages 539–551 in Carabid beetles, their adaptations and dynamics. Gustav Fisher, Stuttgart, New-YorkGoogle Scholar
  3. Bonadona P (1971) Catalogue des Coléoptères carabiques de France. Nouvelle revue d’Entomologie, Laboratoire de Zoologie, Univ. P. Sabatier, Toulouse, 177 ppGoogle Scholar
  4. Butterfield J, Coulson JC (1983) The carabid communities on peat and upland grasslands in northern England. Holartic Ecology 6: 163–174Google Scholar
  5. Cachan P, Clement A (1979) Recherche d’une formulation générale de paramètres distributifs des peuplements plurispécifiques dans les milieux homogènes. Les peuplements carabidologiques des prairies du plateau lorrain. Bulletin de l’E.N.S.A.I.A., Nancy, 21: 95–113Google Scholar
  6. Desender K, Pollet M, Segers R (1984) Carabid beetle distribution along humidity gradients in rivulet-associated grassland ( Coleoptera, Carabidae). Biol.Jb. Dodonaea 52: 64–75Google Scholar
  7. Deveaux D (1976) Répartition et diversité des peuplements en crabiques, en zone bocagère et arrasée de l’ouest. C.R. Table ronde C.N.R.S. “Ecosystèmes bocagers”, Rennes: 377–384Google Scholar
  8. Eyre MD, Luff ML, Rushton SP, Topping CJ (1989) Ground beetles and weevils (Carabidae and Curculionoidea) as indicators of grassland management practices. J. Appl. Ent. 107: 508–517Google Scholar
  9. Eyre MD, Luff ML, Rushton SP (1990) The ground beetle ( Coleoptera, Carabidae) fauna of intensively managed agricultural grasslands in nothern England and southern scotland. Pedobiologia 34: 11–18Google Scholar
  10. Greenslade PJM (1964) Pitfall trapping as a method for studying populations of Carabidae (Coleoptera). Journal of Animal Ecology 33: 301–310.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Jennings DT, Houseweart MW, Dunn GA (1986) Carabid beetles ( Coleoptera: Carabidae) associated with strip clearcut and dense spruce-fire forests of Maine. Coleopt. Bul., 40: 251–263Google Scholar
  12. Lam Hoai T, Lasserre G, Amanieu M (1987) Utilisation de la diversité pour décider du choix des espèces à retenir dans un lot faunistique. Acta Oecologica: 8 (1): 17–28Google Scholar
  13. Luff ML (1975) Some features influencing pitfall traps. Oecologia (Berlin) 19, 121–130Google Scholar
  14. Luff ML, Rushton SP (1989) The ground beetle and spider fauna of managed and unimproved upland pasture. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 25: 192–205Google Scholar
  15. Luff ML, Eyre MD, Rushton SP (1992) Classification and prediction of grassland habitats using ground beetles ( Coleoptera carabidae ). Journal of Environmental Management 35: 310–315Google Scholar
  16. Noss RF (1983) A regional landscape approach to maintain diversity. BioScience 33 (11): 700–706CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Pave A, Barbault R (1992) Ecosystems et environnement. Lettre du Programme Environnement du CNRS, 7: 7–21Google Scholar
  18. Pollard E (1968) A comparison between the Carabidae of a hedge and field site and those of a woodland glad. Journal of Applied Ecology, 5: 649–657CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Refseth D (1980) Evcological analyses of Carabid communities -potential use in biological classification for nature conservation. Biological conservation 17: 131–141CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Roux M (1985) Algorithme de classification Masson (ed), 151ppGoogle Scholar
  21. Rushton SP, Luff ML (1988) The use of multivariate ordination techniques to asses the effects of chlorpyrifos on ground beetle and spider communities in grassland. BPBC mono 40 Environmental effects of pestiides: 175–181. Google Scholar
  22. Rushton SP, Luff ML, Eyre MD (1989) Effect of pasture improvement and management on the ground beetle and spider communities of upland grasslands. Journal of Applied Ecology, 26: 489–503CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Rushton SP, Eyre MD, Luff ML (1990) The efects of scrub management of the ground beetls of oolitic limestone grassland at Castor Hanglands National Nature Reserve, Cambridgeshire, UK. Biological conservation 51: 97–111Google Scholar
  24. Southwood THE (1978) Ecological method with particular reference to the study of insect population, 2nd ed. Chapman and Hall, LondonGoogle Scholar
  25. Thiele HU (1977) Carabid beetles in their environments. A study on habitat selection by adaptations in physiology and behaviour. Springer Verlag Berlin. Heidelberg, New-YorkGoogle Scholar
  26. Wallin H (1985) Spatial and temporal distribution of some abundant carabid beetles (Coleotera carabiae in cereal fields and adjacent habitats). Pedobiologia, 28: 1934.Google Scholar
  27. Wolda H (1983) Diversity, diversity indices and tropical cock-roaches. Oecologia (Berlin) 58: 290–298CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Georges
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratoire d’Evolution des Systemes Naturels et ModifiesCNRS UA 0696Rennes cedexFrance

Personalised recommendations